6_01 How to for Classification Project Linnaean - Biologyflvs-V15

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06.01
Classification Project
Classifying Birds
The 6.01 lesson taught you about different systems used to classify living things:
1. Linnaean taxonomy
2. Cladistics
You will practice with the 2 classification systems by classifying some birds:
Blue jay, robin, cardinal, canary, pelican
Please proceed to the next slide!
Taxonomy Chart
Research online to fill in the blank (RED) boxes. Some have been done for you.
Animalia
Kingdom
Phylum
Type Phylum Name Here
Type Class Name Here
Class
Order
Pelecaniformes
Order Name Here
Family
Corvidae
Family Name
Family Name
Family Name
Family Name
Genus
Genus Name
Genus Name
Genus Name
Serinus
Genus Name
Species Name
Turdus Migratorius
Species Name
Species Name
Species Name
(Blue Jay)
(Robin)
(Cardinal)
(Canary)
(Pelican)
Species
Cladogram
Watch this short video about making a cladogram:
http://ccl.northwestern.edu/simevolution/obonu/cladograms/Open-This-File.swf
Create your cladogram below. I’ve listed the birds in boxes and given you some lines. You will need to arrange the boxes and
lines how you best feel they should go (you may delete any extra lines you don’t need). Remember, there is NO WRONG
WAY to make a cladogram. HOWEVER, you must be able to explain why you’ve grouped them in such a way. For example,
you might say, “Well, I put the pelican further away from the other birds because it is the only bird that doesn’t perch.”
Here’s a reminder of how a cladogram can look:
Blue Jay
Robin
Cardinal
Pelican
Canary
Conclusion Questions
#1 Describe the physical traits your birds had in common with one another in your taxonomy chart. Break down your
descriptions by taxa (kingdom, phylum, class, order…).
Example: All animals in the class Reptilia breathe air, lay shelled eggs, and have skin covered in scales.
#2 Explain the positions of each species in your cladogram. Why did you place each of your animals in those positions?
Example: I started with the turtle and placed it furthest away from the other reptiles because it has a shell.
#3 Which was more difficult to make, the taxonomy chart or the cladogram? Explain your answer.

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