RESPONDING TO OTHER COMMON EMERGENCIES CH. 27 LESSON 3 MUSCLE, JOINT, AND BONE INJURIES Strain = a tear in the muscle. Sprain = an injury to ligaments around a joint Call 911 if : The pain is severe. The joint appears deformed. TREATING MINOR STRAINS AND SPRAINS Protect = bandage or splint. Rest = Limit use of injured body part. Ice = Ice the injured body part. Compress = Wrap firmly with a bandage. Elevate = Raise injured body part above the level of the heart if possible. FRACTURE (VOCAB) A break in the bone. DISLOCATION (VOCAB) A separation of a bone from its normal position in a joint. UNCONSCIOUSNESS (VOCAB) The condition of not being alert or aware of your surroundings. Recovery Position CONCUSSION (VOCAB) A jarring injury to the brain that can cause unconsciousness. NOSEBLEEDS Two main causes = Allergies/Dry Air and injury to the nose. Squeeze nostrils together and lean forward. If bleeding persists after 20 minutes seek emergency help. POISON Any substance that causes injury, illness, or death when it enters the body. POISON CONTROL CENTER (VOCAB) A round the clock service that provides emergency medical advice on how to treat victims of poisoning. 1-800-222-1222 VENOM (VOCAB) A poisonous secretion. POISONOUS PLANTS Poison Ivy Poison Oak Poison Sumac REVIEW What are the symptoms of a fracture or dislocation? Why is the recovery position the safest position for an unconscious person? What is the first step in any case of suspected poisoning?