Proven Smart Grid Communication Network

Report
Proven Smart Grid
Communication Network
Solutions For Advanced Meter
Systems and the Intelligent
Grid
Theo Woodard
April 11, 2012
Integrity
-
Initiative
-
Accountability
-
Respect
Agenda


CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication
Network
 Overview
 Technology Decision
 Solution Architecture
Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned
 Deployment Considerations
 Keys to Success
 Question
and Answer
2
CenterPoint Energy, Inc.,

Public company traded on the New York
Stock Exchange (CNP)

Headquartered in Houston, TX

Operating 6 business segments in six
states
 Electric transmission and distribution
 Natural gas distribution
 Interstate pipelines and natural gas
gathering

Serving 5.4 million electric & gas customers

$22 billion in assets

$8.5 billion in revenue

8,827 employees

Over 130 years of service to our
communities
• Minneapolis
• Little Rock
Houston •
Natural Gas Distribution
Interstate Gas Pipelines
Electric Transmission & Distribution
3
Who is CenterPoint Energy – Electric?
Houston Electric Division (CEHE)
Houston (4th largest city in the US)
Houston Metro Area (6th largest in US)



5,000 square mile service area
Approximately 2.2 million electric
meters
Houston Electric

Delivers 77 Gigawatt hours yearly for about
115 certified Retail Electric Providers

Transmission and Distribution System
 3,742 miles of transmission lines
 48,733 miles of distribution lines
 232 substations
4
Smart Grid Project Updates

Deployment Milestones






System Performance



2.0 Million meters deployed and being read
remotely
5,200 Meter Data Collector (Cell Relay) and 112
Take-Out-Points deployed
Successful systems deployment and upgrades
Smart Meter Texas Portal functionally provided to
the market place
Developed processes and training to support new
operational requirements
2011 End of Year: 97.4% Service Orders
completed electronically and completed
approximately 30 minutes after receipt
99.5% register read rate on accepted and
approved production meters
Achievements






1.9 Million service orders completed electronically
5,200 pole-mounted cell relays and 112 WiMax
tower antenna sites installed.
3,391 HAN devices provisioned over AMS
network
200 Intelligent Grid switches installed
Reduced billing estimation rate by 88.92%
Over 2 billion intervals of usage data are
transmitted to the market each week
5
CenterPoint Energy Established a Project
Management Office
Provides project management expertise and governance to the deployment of
Smart Grid systems.
Executive Steering Committee
Program Management Office
Utility Operations Committee
Production Support
Technology Arch & Security
Planning, Tracking, Reporting
Risk / Issue
Financial
Process Change &
Benefits Realization
Procurement & Logistics
Risk Oversight Committee
Key Support Areas
Legal
Corporate Communications
Human Resources
Safety
Customer Service
GIS
IT
Program Work Streams
Metering
Communications
AMS
Systems
Integrated
Services
Retail
Market
IG Systems
IG Systems
IG
Development Infrastructure
12.5 (4)-2-0
6
Smart Grid Communication Deployment
Purpose:
Architect and build an end-to-end Communications Network to provide
service for Advanced Metering System and Intelligent Grid system.
Objectives:
 Provide wireless coverage to CNP’s entire 5,000






sq. mile electric service area:
 Estimate 95% GE Radio coverage and 5%
GSM coverage (remote rural areas) to the
meters
 Install approximately 6,000 Itron cell relays /
radios and 130 GE tower access points
Provide redundant two-way communications to end
points, i.e., meters
Utilize a dual-path architecture scalable both in size
and technology to meet Smart Grid communication
needs
Provide required data throughput capacity
Perform reliably, i.e., storm conditions
Comply with cyber security standards
Insure scalability to meet Smart Grid needs
7
Technology Decision Considerations

Spectrum Availability




Performance Requirements



Ambient Temperature range: -30 to +60 degrees Celsius
Relative Humidity: 95% non-condensing Relative
Technical Requirements



Throughput speeds greater than 100 kbps required
99.9 % Reliability
Environmental Requirements



No licensed spectrum available from FCC
Unlicensed spectrum used heavily in Houston Metro
25 kHz bandwidth licensed spectrum not sufficient for throughput needs
Ethernet Port
Remotely managed
Product Availability


Product had to be currently available
Product had to be previously deployed
8
Evaluation Criteria

Evaluated based on:





Technical capabilities of proposed solution
Scalability of proposed network
Overall, per-site and performance cost basis
Longevity and market stability of proposing company
Security compliance and capability
9
Communication Components Considered
Benefits
Technology
Challenges
Cellular
• Most Geographic Coverage (typically)
• No additional infrastructure for backhaul
• Broadband coverage
• Rapid deployment
• High variable expense cost for data usage
• Reliance on cellular infrastructure
• Rapidly changing environment and
technologies
Wireless
•
•
•
•
• Infrastructure cost
• Achieving coverage, i.e., geographies,
meter density in certain areas
• Permitting
Hardline
BPL\PLC
Engineer accordingly to requirements
Build for the future (higher bandwidth)
Potential for synergies within field network
Rapid deployment (once in place)
• Proven technology
• Able to configure/size accordingly
• High fixed expense cost
• Difficult to manage individual circuits
• Reliance on carrier infrastructure
• Long Installation timeframes
• Utilize existing infrastructure
• The “Broadband” promise
• Large “theoretical” geographic coverage
• Frequency interference
• High price point
• Limited success in the field trials
Most deployments rely on multiple technologies to achieve a full
coverage cost effective solutions
10
AMS Communication Network
Components

Hybrid Backhaul Solution

AMS Backhaul (Radio/Wireless) PRIMARY Communication Path




AMS Backhaul (Cellular) SECONDARY Communications Path



This portion of the communication network connects the “take-out” points to/from the cell relay
devices in the field
Bandwidth – 128 Kbps (minimum requirement)
Utilizes a new “purpose-built” WiMAX infrastructure (GE MDS Mercury 3650 Radio System)
 Operates in the lower 3.65 GHz Band
 WiMax 802.16d Standard
 Redundant configuration
 Ethernet Interface, 10/100BaseT, RJ-45
 Point to Multi-Point Design, Access Point to Remotes
 3 Sectors per Tower
This portion of the communication network connects the cell relays to the data center via the
AT&T cellular network
Bandwidth is adequate
Meter Communications


Smart meters operate in a Mesh Network
The Cell Relay is the Master Meter of the Mesh Network
11
CenterPoint Energy Dual-Path Communication
Specified Design Example
Cell Relay with
Bridged Interfaces
Network Fire Wall
Electric Meter with
RFLAN and Zigbee
WiMAX &
Network L3
Switch
LS
MP itch
Sw
HAN – Zigbee devices
ONS Switch
Switch/Router
AMS Communications Network Specified / Logical Diagram
HAN
Devices
Electric Meters
Cellular Data
Network
2
H
ET
C1
2.2
2
(GSM/GPRS)
SIM card
LL
CE
PMCR
(Pole-Mount Cell Relay)
Dallas Fire Wall
IT AMS
IT AMS
Switches Firewalls
Internet
IPSec
Tunnel
Cellular
(Cell Relay)
LS
MP itch
Sw
LS
MP itch
Sw
Backbone
Thermostat
(Zigbee)
Field Demarcation
Level-1
Meter
Atlanta Fire Wall
Ethernet port
DCE
Collection
MDM
Processing
Data
Base
Network Demarcation
Take Out Point
H
ET
C1
2.2
2
LL
CE
PMCR
(Pole-Mount Cell Relay)
Level-X
Meter
AP
RR
WiMAX
Network
AP
AP
IP
X2
2
e
LS
MP itch
Sw
Take Out Point
PTP Microwave
Mic
RR
AP
Remote Radio
AP
av
row
e
X2
X
AP
Gas Meter
(zigbee)
MPLS L3 Switch
X2
SONET
Switch/Router
Switch/Router
2
LS
MP itch
Sw
IP
MPLS L3 Switch
RFLAN
Network
CR, WiMAX & GPRS Network
LS
MP itch
Sw
LS
MP itch
Sw
Switch/RouterMPLS
Switches
Access Point Radios
HAN
Network
AMS Metering
ONS Switch
LL
CE
PMCR
(Pole-Mount Cell Relay)
Pole Mount
Cell Relay
PTP Microwave
ONS
Switches
H
ET
2.2
av
row
X2
X2
1
C1
Mic
Transport Network
and Cellular backhaul
AMS Systems
AMS Integrated
Systems
AMS Retail Markets
IT Network and
AMS Applications 12
Overview of Dual-Path Smart Grid
Communications Network
AMS Details
Secondary Network
(Cellular, satellite and
others)
Meter Mesh Network
House
House
House
Radio
Cell Relay
House
House
House
WiMax
(Primary)
House
 Meters form a mesh network and communicate with
Cell Relays (collector) at a designed ratio of
approximately 400:1
IG
Details
Recloser
WiMAX
Annt.
Satellite Terminal
GSM/3G/4G
GSM/3G/4G


Primary communication: WiMax tower based Access Points
communicate with Cell Relays/ meter data collectors
Secondary Communications (Redundancy): Cell Relays and IG
devices can fail over to secondary network in the event of loss of
WiMax connectivity or WiMax maintenance.
IG Switch /
Recloser
Controller
IG with GSM and WiMAX
IG with GSM and Satellite
 Depends on location and criticality, IG device may
have different secondary communication solution. 13
CenterPoint Energy Dual-Path Communication
Architecture for Intelligent Grid
– Specified Design Example
IG Communications Network Specified / Logical Diagram
GSM/3G/4G
Providers Network
Substation with
Mux/modem/Microwa
ve
/Fiber & Emergency
Satellite Comm.
IG with GSM and
Satellite
PTP Microwave
Annt.
IPSec
Tunn
el
Site to Site
VPN
Network Demarcation
WiMAX
WiMAX
PTP Microwave
Lease
d and
2/4
wires
GSM/3G/4G
1
Microwave Tower and Hut
Sub
ONS Switch
switch
LS
MP itch
Sw
SONET
IG with GSM and WiMAX
VPN
Gwy
.
Sub
Control
Field Network Demarcation
Distribution IG
Comm.
Substation IG
Comm.
Sub
Comm
.
IT
Firewalls
2
IG Switch /
Recloser
Controller
IT SG
Router/SW
MPLS L3 SwitchSwitch/Router
Distrib
Servs.
Fire
Wall
GSM/3G/4G
CIS, CIM, MKT. SAP
systems
Satellite
Service
NOC
Satellite
Provider
Network
Dispatchers
Distrib
.
Term.
EMS
Term
.
VPN
Gwy
.
Firewall
Satellite Terminal
Operations
2
Front End Comm Processor
Recloser /IG
EMS
LS
MP itch
Sw
Switch/Router
ONS
Switch
MPLS
Switches
Transport Network
and Redundant Networks
Advanced Distribution
Management System
ECDC
Energy Control
14
Agenda


CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication
Network
 Overview
 Technology Decision
 Solution Architecture
Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned
 Deployment Considerations
 Keys to Success
 Question
and Answer
15
Deployment Considerations…..
The communications network deployment must be closely
coordinated with the meter deployment.
“Network communications in place 3
months ahead of meter deployment”
Design ratio of 400:1 Meter to Cell Relay/ collector
Cell Relay Site Selection
Meter Deployment Map
16
Take Out Point Site Selection
Deployment Considerations…..
Be prepared to utilize creative design and installation
solutions to meet aggressive timelines.
Cell relay site selection process
In the absence of a permanent TOP
A temporary TOP was paced
on top of a 150’ “Condor”
crane at the Dunlavy
substation to test signal
strength at proposed cell relay
sites near Memorial Park.
17
Deployment Considerations…..
Complete the design up front, integrate components into an
overall architecture, analyze/test all materials, complete
construction standards, and prove installation procedures via
testing/training
1
Proto-type:
Test fit, constructability,
parts list.
2
3
Final Construction Standard:
DSM approved. Install procedure
developed.
18
Installed Cell Relay Site
18
18
Deployment Considerations…..
Manage materials and multiple service suppliers closely and
establish strong field coordination along with detailed
construction and performance acceptance / testing processes.
Major equipment and long
lead items such as cell relays,
radios, network electronics,
towers and buildings need to
be specified, bid and ordered.
19
Deployment Considerations…..
Analyze, select, implement network management tools early as
they are used for both construction and operations.
20
Deployment Considerations…..
Communication solutions developed ahead of time to address
the network coverage needs for remote and low meter density
areas.

The last 1% of meter coverage
requirement
 Tools on the bag – communication
solutions
 RFLAN range extenders meter collector mesh network
extensions
 900MHz systems – provide
extended coverage areas
 WiMax Repeaters – provide
additional WiMax coverage
RFLAN Range Extenders
Example
WiMax

Solution and combination of
solutions are selected for
application based on network
availability, environmental and
meter density
RFLAN
RFLAN
Mesh
21
Deployment Considerations…..
Leverage a common communications infrastructure. The IG
Network is built on the AMS Communications Infrastructure.
Fiber backhaul
Microwave backhaul
WiMAX (Primary)
GSM (back-up)
Satellite (back-up)
AMS
IG









22
Deployment Considerations…..
Consolidate equipment in field. Communications equipment is
integrated with distribution electronics into a common
enclosure.
Communications
Equipment
23
Some Keys to our success thus far…
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Apply a proven network architecture method to ensure coverage of network design issues.
Develop solid business and technical requirements and ensure agreements with all
stakeholders.
Strong Governance processes. A strong PMO utilizing proven governance methodology is
essential to overall success.
Integration and close alignment of all project areas and support functions. Procurement,
IT, distribution standards, systems development, communications infrastructure, meter
deployment, suppliers, etc., must all work together in a coordinated fashion and not in silos.
Material contracts. Managing material contracts closely and maintaining sufficient material
inventories is critical.
Design & Installation Standards & Procedures. Efficient, safe and cost efficient designs and
installation standards need to be in place to meet schedules, minimize costs and provide for ongoing required maintenance.
Solid Deployment Strategy. The meter deployment strategy and schedule must be in synch
with the communications infrastructure build schedule to meet aggressive timelines and
performance expectations.
Exception Management. Even small percentages of exceptions – like access or design issues
can be disruptive if not handled expeditiously.
Operational Strategy. Soon after deployment begins and the first device goes into production,
a plan must be in place to operate and maintain the equipment and systems.
24
Agenda


CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication
Network
 Overview
 Technology Decision
 Solution Architecture
Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned
 Deployment Considerations
 Keys to Success
 Question
and Answer
25
DOE Acknowledgement and Disclaimer Requirement
Per the DOE Grant Agreement,:
“If you publish or otherwise make publicly available the results of the work
conducted under the award, an acknowledgment of Federal Support and a
disclaimer must appear in the publication of any material, whether
copyrighted or not, based on or developed under this project, as follows:”
Acknowledgment: “This material is based upon work supported by the
Department of Energy under Award Number [DE-OE0000210]”
Disclaimer: “This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by
an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States
Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any
warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility
for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,
product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe
privately owned rights. Referenced herein to any specific commercial
product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or
otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,
recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any
agency thereof. The views and opinion of authors expressed herein do not
necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any
agency thereof.”
26

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