Battery Swapping A Key to Electric Vehicle Success? Gymnasium Würselen Eco Drivers Melisa Atas, Tim Azarvan, Chantal Bardenheuer, Carolin Bock, Ronja Johnen, Nora Lelabi Table of contents • • • • Description of the region Aachen Requirements to the mobility system Our future system: Battery swapping Comparison: Built-in Batteries / Switchable Batteries • Company ‘Better Place’ idea network process Table of contents • • • • Advantages of our System Disadvantages of our System The Tesla Concept Plans for the future Region Aachen • • • • In western North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Area: 707.15 km2 Population region Aachen: 541,500 Neighboring districts and countries: – Heinsberg – Düren – Euskirchen – Netherlands – Belgium Region Aachen • • • • • • • • Sights: Three-Country Corner RWTH Aachen University Aachen Cathedral Medieval Town Hall Hot Springs TIVOLI(football arena) University Hospital Aachen -Klinikum Aachen World Equestrian Festival - CHIO Aachen Age structure Region Aachen under 5 5-15 15-25 25-35 35-45 6% 2% 45-55 55-65 65-75 4% 9% 11% 13% 11% 13% 16% 15% 75-85 85+ copyright: Wikipedia Vehicles used in Aachen 3% 3% 14% 37% Car Bus Train Bicycle 16% Motorcycle Scooter 27% Kilometres each day 7% 30% 26% <10 10<30 30<50 >50 37% Requirements to the Mobility System • • • • • • Good prices Fast fuel/battery refill Flexibility Regularity, punctuality Clarity Environmentally friendly Requirements to the Mobility System • • • • Cheaper bus connections Short waiting times Less traffic jams No more use of fossil fuels renewable energies • Less noise Our future system: Battery Swapping Our future system: Battery Swapping • Exchangeable batteries Battery switch stations • Conveniently located charge spots In cities: 3 km Outside of cities: 15-20 km Highways: 40 km Comparison Built-in Batteries Switchable Batteries Limited Range • Takes a long time to charge Price • Expensive (can cost more than $10,000) Capacity • Lose their capacity over time owner has to buy a new one car loses its value Upgrades • Upgrades very expensive Unlimited Range • No charging you get a fully charged battery Price • Customers only pay for the energy capacity • Car gets sold without the battery Capacity • Changing batteries Upgrades • Car-owner gets benefits without paying Company Better Place • Network of electric car battery changing stations (Israel and Denmark) • Wanted to spread this model around the world • Went bankrupt the 26th May 2013 but: idea still alive e.g. Tesla(LA) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=play er_embedded&v=OHHvjsFm_88 The Better Place Concept The Better Place Concept The Better Place Concept Advantages • Cheaper for electric car owners they do not have to buy their own batteries (- $10,000) • Reduction of prices for electric cars • Drivers do not have to leave the car during swapping process Advantages • Takes less time than recharging the battery • The entire process takes only 90 sec • Do not have to pay for fuel only for the electricity they use • Unlimited driving range network of battery switch stations Disadvantages • Takes lots of time and money to build the whole system • Battery swap stations: $500,000 each • Every car: same size and configuration of battery pack • "problematic for hotly competitive car manufacturers“ obstacle for future innovation The Tesla Concept • Fast battery swapping (90 sec.) • Announcement June 2013: battery swapping station in each of the supercharging stations • Owners can pick up their battery pack fully charged on the return trip, which is included in the swap fee Plans for the Future • Worldwide transport network – possible to change the “German” batteries in other countries no more problems because of nonuniform charging couplers – Broken batteries can be exchanged everywhere – Uniform prices and contracts Plans for the Future • Not only for cars – Bus-swap stations at public places like the “Bushof” in Aachen – Different kinds of batteries for motorbikes, scooters or e-bikes References • • • • • • • • • • • • Information of the RWTH Aachen Wikipedia.de Electric mobility in North Rhine-Westphalia" Come on board, join the ride! Düsseldorf 2011 http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/04/02/expensivebatteries-are-holding-back-electric-cars-what-would-it-take-for-that-to-change/ http://ec.europa.eu/environment/resource_efficiency/about/roadmap/index_en. htm http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/05/27/what-betterplaces-bankruptcy-tells-us-about-the-future-of-electric-cars/ http://www.dw.de/germany-miles-away-from-one-million-e-cars-goal/a-16832017 http://theenergycollective.com/zachshahan/240466/tesla-wows-again-90second-battery-swap-unveiled-video http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=OHHvjsFm_88 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=VR3oLV4fdcE http://unterkunft-reise.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/aachen.jpg https://www.landesdatenbank.nrw.de/ldbnrw/online/online;jsessionid=F5BF238C CCF400E7548231C44003F544.worker3?operation=startseite Thank you for your attention!