Title: Fig. Language & Shades of Meaning DO NOW In one paragraph explain what you did during winter break? Please be sure to write in complete sentences and make your paragraph descriptive! DRAMA: Students will read plays and dramatic text to identify figurative language, shades of meaning, character actions, images, setting, and plot. 1. 2. 3. 4. Please add these to your glossary: drama: a story that is written to be performed identify: to recognize something or discover exactly what it is interpret: to explain the meaning of something meaning: the thing or idea that a word, expression, or sign represents 1. 2. 3. 4. Identify and interpret figurative language Understand and identify “shades of meaning” Practice! Drama- ◦ You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown Figurative language is language that means something different from what it says. Figurative language can be in many forms: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Words with multiple meanings Similes Metaphors Personification What is a simile? ◦ A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” What is a metaphor? ◦ A comparison of two unlike things without using “like” or “as” Can you help me identify some similes, metaphors, and personification? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. His laugh was like thunder The storm was an angry giant The cake smelled like a chocolate factory The car bravely struggled to get up the hill He is a bear in the morning Let’s take a look at an example: ◦ If we say that the kitten danced around the ball of yarn, we know that the kitten is not really dancing like humans dance, but is moving around the toy quickly and with grace. This is also a form of personification Before we play a quick whiteboard challenge, I want to show you a trick I use to help me answer questions that have words with multiple meanings: ◦ It’s called the tree branch method and when ever I am confused, I pause and do this quickly and it helps me find my answer ◦ So how do you use this trick? Let’s say the word I’m trying to solve for is plain and I need to make sure I choose the correct answer that uses the word plain correctly. Here is what I would do to find my answer: plain I’m going to pass out whiteboards. Please take out a dry-erase marker! I want you to help me choose the letter of the correct meaning of each underlined word not fancy B. level C. clear D. homely A. A. B. C. D. logic money aroma feeling *Pause: do you know what logic means? logic = a way of thinking about something that seems correct and reasonable A. B. C. D. go after use as a model observe and copy listen to and comprehend A. B. C. D. good manners and taste growing environment ideas, customs, skills, and arts microorganisms A. B. C. D. sketching preventing outlining getting A. B. C. D. a a a a pleasant melody band playing loudly welcome sound warning signal Shades of meaning is a phrase used to describe the small, subtle differences in meaning between similar words or phrases; 'kid' and 'youth' both refer to young people, but carry differing views and ideas about young people = Shades of meaning describe words that have slightly different meanings. They may seem similar. jump and hop = are similar, but slightly different The police seized the stolen goods = The police grabbed the stolen goods If you wanted to give a positive impression of someone who is young = youthful (you would not say: immature, babyish, childish) Tucked in = can mean either to “put a child into bed” or something that fits between two things Another way to think about “shades of meaning” are to think of them as synonyms. Does anyone know what a synonym is? ◦ Synonym: a word with the same meaning as another word in the same language ◦ Example: shut is a synonym for closed. Can you help me find a different “shade of meaning” for the following words? ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Happy Sad Hungry Destroy Fancy What is the most positive way to say a person is “sweet”? A. B. C. D. kind encouraging thoughtful giving Which of the following could be shades of meaning for “run?” A. walk, jog, sprint B. crawl, roll, wheel-barrow C. skip, trot, bounce D. yellow, pink, brown An example of words with different shades of meaning is: A. night and day B. laugh and giggle C. fast and slow D. right and wrong Study for a quiz on Wednesday on the following: 1. Figurative language (metaphor, simile, personification, words with multiple meaning) 2. Shades of Meaning Let’s take a look at drama! As we mentioned earlier, drama is a story that is written to be performed. Drama relies on figurative language and “shades of meaning” to convey events in a story Dramas have characters, a setting, and a plot that evolves around conflict. We will focus on these elements at the end of this week. What makes a drama different from a short story? ◦ A drama uses dialogue = words spoken by characters Katrina: I can’t believe you said that! William: I was only kidding As we read the drama today, look for ways that the characters’ personalities and beliefs are developed through dialogue. You can tell a lot by what a character is saying: Conflict Feelings and emotions You will receive a graphic organizer that has two sides: 1. Side one will focus on “Learning About Drama” so we have a better understanding of what drama is 2. Side two will help us analyze the drama after we read You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown Please keep this taped in your notebook Turn to page 790 in your Literature Textbooks.