Bosnian Genocide - UM

Bosnian Genocide
 After World War II, the
Balkan states of BosniaHerzegovina, Serbia,
Montenegro, Croatia,
Slovenia and Macedonia
became part of the Federal
People's Republic of
Josip Broz Tito
 Led Yugoslavia to be a great
ally and economic leader
 After the death of longtime
Yugoslav leader Josip Broz
Tito in 1980, growing
nationalism among the
different Yugoslav republics
threatened to split their
union apart
 Yugoslav Wars Start
 Slovenia and Croatia gain
 Bosnia Herzegovina pass a
referendum for
 Bosnian Serbs boycott the
 Bosnian Serbs established
their own republic the
Republika Sprska with help
of Slobodan Milosevic’s
Serbian Government and
the Yugoslav People’s Army
(JNA) without the consent
of Bosnia
Fighting Starts
 Repulika Srpska, Serbian
government, and the
Yugoslav People’s Army
decide to mobilize their
force against the Army of
the Republic of Bosnia and
 Slobodan Milosevic, the
President of Serbia and
Radovan Karadzic, the
President of Republika
Srpska initiate “Ethnic
Cleansing Campaign”
which targeted the Bosnian
Muslims and Bosnian
 Slobodan Milosevic,
who became Serbia’s leader
in 1987, had intentions to
become the leader of
Yugoslavia by encouraging
Serbian Nationalism in
Serbia and in other Yugoslav
states such as Bosnia
 Both Serbia and the
 Bosniak women & girls
Republika of Srpska had
exterminated an estimate
of 200,000 Bosniaks from
1992- 1995
 Bosniak men & boys were
sent to concentration
camps the Keraterm,
Uzaminca and Omarska
were sent to Rape Camps
like Vilina Vlas
 Both genders were sent to
Extermination camps like
Omarska, after
exploitation of physical and
sexual work
United Nations
 Deployed troops to
protect the distribution of
food and medicine to
dispossessed Muslims.
 Troops were not allowed to
interfere militarily against
the Serbs, even though the
U.N. could eerily predict
when each town or village
was going to fall.
 16 April 1993, the United
Nations declared it a safe
 "all parties and others
concerned treat Srebrenica
and its surroundings as a
safe area which should be
free from any armed attack
or any other hostile act"
 Serbs shell the city
 The United Nations
 General Ratko Mladic
retreats and leaves the city
 In a matter of days Serbs
kill over 8000 Muslim men
and boys
 US spy planes see evidence
of mass graves
enters Srebrenica to claim
the town for the Bosnian
 UN seperates men from
women and children
 Men are to be questioned
for war crimes by Serbs
U.S. Response
 US leads a NATO Air
Campaign against Serbs in
response to Srebrencia
 September to October
 Faced with the heavy
NATO bombardment and a
string of ground losses to
the Muslim-Croat alliance,
Serb leader Milosevic
was now ready to talk
 After three weeks of
negotiations, a peace
accord was declared.
 The agreement called for
democratic elections and
stipulated that war
criminals would be handed
over for prosecution.
 60,000 NATO soldiers
were deployed to preserve
the cease-fire.
 1 March 1992 – 14
December 1995
 At least 200,000 killed
 Over 2 million people
displaced from their homes
 30 people have been
indicted for participating in

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