Bosnian Genocide - UM

Report
Bosnian Genocide
Yugoslavia
 After World War II, the
Balkan states of BosniaHerzegovina, Serbia,
Montenegro, Croatia,
Slovenia and Macedonia
became part of the Federal
People's Republic of
Yugoslavia.
Josip Broz Tito
 Led Yugoslavia to be a great
ally and economic leader
 After the death of longtime
Yugoslav leader Josip Broz
Tito in 1980, growing
nationalism among the
different Yugoslav republics
threatened to split their
union apart
Independence
 Yugoslav Wars Start
 Slovenia and Croatia gain
independence
 Bosnia Herzegovina pass a
referendum for
independence
 Bosnian Serbs boycott the
referendum.
 Bosnian Serbs established
their own republic the
Republika Sprska with help
of Slobodan Milosevic’s
Serbian Government and
the Yugoslav People’s Army
(JNA) without the consent
of Bosnia
Fighting Starts
 Repulika Srpska, Serbian
government, and the
Yugoslav People’s Army
decide to mobilize their
force against the Army of
the Republic of Bosnia and
Herzegovina
 Slobodan Milosevic, the
President of Serbia and
Radovan Karadzic, the
President of Republika
Srpska initiate “Ethnic
Cleansing Campaign”
which targeted the Bosnian
Muslims and Bosnian
Croats
WHY?
 Slobodan Milosevic,
who became Serbia’s leader
in 1987, had intentions to
become the leader of
Yugoslavia by encouraging
Serbian Nationalism in
Serbia and in other Yugoslav
states such as Bosnia
How?
 Both Serbia and the
 Bosniak women & girls
Republika of Srpska had
exterminated an estimate
of 200,000 Bosniaks from
1992- 1995
 Bosniak men & boys were
sent to concentration
camps the Keraterm,
Uzaminca and Omarska
were sent to Rape Camps
like Vilina Vlas
 Both genders were sent to
Extermination camps like
Omarska, after
exploitation of physical and
sexual work
United Nations
 Deployed troops to
protect the distribution of
food and medicine to
dispossessed Muslims.
 Troops were not allowed to
interfere militarily against
the Serbs, even though the
U.N. could eerily predict
when each town or village
was going to fall.
Srebrencia
 16 April 1993, the United
Nations declared it a safe
area.
 "all parties and others
concerned treat Srebrenica
and its surroundings as a
safe area which should be
free from any armed attack
or any other hostile act"
Srebrencia
 Serbs shell the city
 The United Nations
 General Ratko Mladic
retreats and leaves the city
unprotected.
 In a matter of days Serbs
kill over 8000 Muslim men
and boys
 US spy planes see evidence
of mass graves
enters Srebrenica to claim
the town for the Bosnian
Serbs.
 UN seperates men from
women and children
 Men are to be questioned
for war crimes by Serbs
U.S. Response
 US leads a NATO Air
Campaign against Serbs in
response to Srebrencia
 September to October
 Faced with the heavy
NATO bombardment and a
string of ground losses to
the Muslim-Croat alliance,
Serb leader Milosevic
was now ready to talk
peace.
 After three weeks of
negotiations, a peace
accord was declared.
 The agreement called for
democratic elections and
stipulated that war
criminals would be handed
over for prosecution.
 60,000 NATO soldiers
were deployed to preserve
the cease-fire.
Facts
 1 March 1992 – 14
December 1995
 At least 200,000 killed
 Over 2 million people
displaced from their homes
 30 people have been
indicted for participating in
genocide

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