Unit 13:Command and Control Chains of Command and Qualities required of members of the UPS. Introduction Explore Chains of Command and Why we have them? Badges of Rank within the armed forces? Practical Exercises and Planning for Major Incidents Why does the UPS have chains of command? The Battle of Stalingrad 1942 Battle of Stalingrad It was one of the biggest battles of the second world war and it was fought between two armies, the German and the Russian Army. The Russians were initially loosing the Battle because of a poor chain of command. -No communication -Poor Leadership -No weapons -Poorly trained Soldiers The Battle ....... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJ3bzg-Tvt4 The Russian Army would even shoot their own men for trying to retreat. However the Russians eventually one the battle because they learnt from their mistakes and built one of the best armies in the world, because of command and control. Chains of Command As you can see it is vital for both the Military and other Uniformed Public Services to have a chain of command. If you turn to page 3 then it shows you a chain of command diagram. Fill in the Workbook. Field Army Corps Division Regiment Battalion Company Platoon Who commands what? Field Army- General Corps- Lt General Division- Major General Regiment-Brigadier Battalion –Lt Colonel Company-Captain Platoon –Lieutenant Battle Time Battle Commanders You have been asked by your Major to command your platoon into battle. Your Platoon is made up of three sections. -1 Section : 8 men -2 Section : 8 men plus 2 Machine Gunners -3 Section: 8 en plus one sniper 4: Section of Machine Gunners 6 men 3 Demolition Engineers Create a Battle Plan Write up a quick battle plan which you will present to the class which identifies what you are going to do to attack the enemy. Detail where you want each section to be positioned and what are they key aspects which ensure your victory. Start Line Form up line Show how the attack will go. Fire Support. Woods Enemy Base River High Ground The Battle Plan The only way a battle plan is successful is if a Army has a strong and effective chain of command. Without it armies and Uniformed Public Services: -Waste Time. -Waste Resources. -Men get killed or injured. Merit Work Skills and Qualities in the UPS There is a difference between skills and qualities. Skills are things that a person is taught and they allow them to carry out a job. Qualities are the requirements of the individual people who work in the Uniformed Public Services in order to deal effectively with the situations. Having Good Time management would mean that people would be at work on time and be prepared for any issues that arise. Police Officer: How to search someone. SKILLS Command and control relies on its staff to have skills in order to carry out their roles effectively. It relies on good training and leadership to ensure that everyone learns the skills. It also reduces time wastage because in high pressured situations you need to staff to react quickly to events. Think of Three skills required of these UPS? Fire Service: Ambulance Service: Skills Specialist Skills are vital within the UPS because they allow chains of command to work effectively. If a Captain gives the order for his Company to attack an area, he must be confident that his men understand the skills asked of them. Skills safeguard personnel because if a soldier could not shoot well then he may put the lives of his colleagues at risk in a battle. Command Command of people comes in three parts. Strategic Command: This is when commanders are in charge of building plans and develop strategies to help the UPS react well to a situation. Tactical commanders are in charge of putting into action the plans created by the strategic commander. They ensure that everyone has the correct training, resources and equipment. Operational command are the men and women on the ground and they deal with the people who are injured or put out fires. Skills and Qualities required of the UPS In a Major Incident like a Rail Crash: 1. What are the skills you would need from the different services? 2. What are the qualities needed of the staff within the UPS and why? 3. What would happen to the rescue if the public services did not have these qualities? Negatives without Good Command and Control Poor Time Management Poor Leadership Poor Communication with other members of the UPS. Poor Teamwork Not understanding how to use equipment. Poor fitness or strength to carry equipment. Poor ability to talk and work with the victims of a Major Incident.