Churchill MB - Hudson Bay Route Association

Churchill MB
Shipping and possibilities in Port of
Churchill for grain.
Shipping history and ship types:
• Vikings were in Canada trading with goods.
• Damskibsselskabet Norden started 1871
• Ship types
– Handy size
– Handymax
– Panamax
– Post panamax
– Capesize
Norden Tankers and Bulkers USA Inc.
Dampskibsselskabet Norden.
Hellerup (Copenhagen) Denmark. Started in 1871 by Mads Christian
Today ca 1100 employees and about 300 ships + new building program of
30 ships, 24 for dry cargo and 6 tankers.
Norden has 1.85 % of the world fleet of 9813 ships in all sizes
Handy size ship:
Loading capacity 32000
metric tons deadweight
Ships are normally 170 meters long
and 27 meter wide.
Dead weight means the weight to ship
can hold to its limits
Crew and effects (constant)
Displacement means what the ship
takes of space in the water
Ships own weight + dead weight.
Ships has typically 5 holds
Loading capacity 50000
metric tonnes deadweight
Ship size is typically 199 meters long
and 32.2 meters wide with 5 holds and
4 cranes
Good grain ships due to wide body and
thereby better stability and good
loading capability
Still a smaller ship that is a size where
it fits in most handy max terminals.
Ship has cranes and typically 21
Typical engine power is 10000 hp on 6
Fuel consumption ca 36000 liters a day
full speed = 25 liter a minute or 1500
liters pr hour
Panamax size
Loading capacity 75000
metric tons dead weight
Ships size 225 meters long 32.2 meters
Max with for Panama Canal there from
the name
No gear on deck, easy to load , but
must be done from shore.
7 holds. Typical hold size is 32 x 21 x 19
meters. This is 13000 cub meters.
There are some limits to PMX in
Churchill being height under the pipes
for loading, draught, weather, tug
capacity, and others.
Most used ship today for bigger bulk
Insurance and classification society
Classification society
Trading area and type of ship
Crew and requirements
Port Warden
Local regulations and requirements
Shipping routes
Class society
Projecting ships and being present
when building a ship
Class follows up on inspections and
have planned maintenance system for
Approves docking and repairs during
scheduled dockings and interim
Issues certificates for the ship to be
able to certify the standard and the
type and trade area for the ship.
Flag state and class work closely
Insurance can be issued when the ship
has certificates in order
Provided by individual companies not tied into class society.
Arranged for ship, hull and machinery
Divided into areas
Extended insurance for area out of the usual trading area
Class of ship
Type of ship
Speed of ship
Capabilities of the crew, number of crewmembers
Captain can insure ship for owners account if ship is underinsured or not insured at all.
No certificates, no insurance
Customized insurance for lay up etc
5 yearly inspection
Annual inspection for safety and
Flag state yearly inspection
Port State Control, yearly
Management company/owner
Audit on board and in office to see if
company also applies to the rules of
the class.
½ yearly inspection of cabins etc
Port Warden/Coast guard
Trading area and type of
Trading area ties in with the type of
Ice class ships
Canadian rules for entering arctic
waters APPC
Types of ship entering Churchill in for
season, pre season and after season
Permit to sail from Port Warden
Ice advisor
Ice breaker assistance
Ice charts, weather routing
Crew and requirements
STCW convention
Ongoing education
Transport Canada/Port
regulations/shipping routes
Port Warden
represents Transport
Port State Controls
Stability calculations
Plimsol marks/zones
15th July to 31st
Ice condition in Hudson
Bay and permit to
depart port
Requirements for
navigation equipment
Audit of crew
Port of Churchill today
• Cleaning
• Loading
• Stevedoring
• Equipment
• Navigation
Receiving from the trains
Terminal can receive 1100 metric tons
Train transport time .
100 train cars in a train = 9000 metric
Takes over 7 trains to fill a Panamax
ship with room for 65000 metric tons
This will then take 59 hours of
efficient time to receive the grain.
There to come spotting time for the
wagons etc.
Cleaning of the grain
The grain might have to be cleaned
before it can be loaded in the ship.
Limit of grain cleaning is 660 metric
tons pr hour
That will be 98 hours to clean the grain
for a panamax if the cargo is to be
Wheat or Durum
That will be 260 hours if the cargo is to
be canola.
The storage in the silos is sufficient for
2 ships.
Loading the ship
The terminal loads one ship at the
It is possible to load two ships if it
is same product.
Changing product requires
cleaning of conveyor belt
Manual setting of pipes and
trimming equipment
Maximum draught the hips can be
loaded to is 11. 5 meters at the
loading dock as requirement from
pilot and Transport Canada set
the limit.
Maximum 9.5 meters draught at
the lay by berth
Stevedoring in Churchill
Stevedores in Churchill are good and
There is a lot of manual work involved
The maximum hours are 16 hours a
day the first 2 days then 14 hours after
Saturday and Sunday depends on the
shipper/ agent/shipping line/ port in
general. This will be overtime.
Stevedores have a limited number of
Foreman is attentive and good at
getting things to function.
Equipment on the
Crane is available and can lift far
enough in over the ship.
Bulldozer is available for trimming of
the cargo.
Pipes can be moved in fair weather to
accommodate the ships configuration
Provision possible from town if
ordered up front
Inspections from Port Warden like
arctic pollution prevention certificate
and port State Control.
Tug boat with 3000 HP, Wilson
Tug boat with 1600 HP, Sepe
Navigation in the area
Transport Canada Port Warden can
give permit to sail with current
conditions like ice/weather/escort
Pilot available in day light only
Pilot required
Tugs are available in fair weather
Navigational Markers are maintained
by the tugboat.
Ice Advisor needed after regulations to
pass end date of normal navigation
but must be arranged in advance. This
is again weather /ice dependent in the
general area the ship is navigating.
Outlook for the Port of Churchill
Hours of operation
Preparation for the season
Loading 2 ships at the time
Helicopter assistance for inspections
Ice Adviser availability
Management of grain shipments
Speed of trains transferring grain
Hours of operation for
elevator and stevedores and
Elevator must be able to work 24/7 as
we have a short season.
Stevedores must be able to work 24
hours a day every day
Navigation aids must be safe for
anytime operation
Pilot service must be available 24/7
Train service must be available 24/7
Cleaning of grain must be expanded
and available 24/7
Preparation for the season
The elevator must always be full before
the season to have grain for 2 ships
Shipments must be lined up and this
must coordinate with what grain gets
shipped to Churchill
Navigation aids must be in place
Conveyors must be tested and
Pipes must be mounted and sufficient for
any ship size at any pier
All equipment must be prepared for the
Management must be in place to be able
to give prompt answers to upcoming
situations and take action.
Loading two ships at the
The port must be able to load 2 ships
at the same time with different
products. Maybe one product from the
storage and one from trains/cleaning .
Management on the pier who has
contact with the terminal.
Management must be in Churchill as
there is not time for mistakes and
relocation of ships and trains.
Stevedores must be able to have
people to run the loading 24/7
Navigational possibilities to dock ships
in almost any weather
2 sufficient tugs with ice class
Reliable service 24/7 for tourist
activity accidents as well
Stand By/Rescue possibilities for
at least one tug that can go out
in any weather
Crane on tug to pick things and
people up from the water
Pollution limitation, help to sail
boom and skimmers out if spill of
any kind.
Environmental friendly tugs with
newest equipment and azimuth
props as space is limited in the
Helicopter service
for inspections and pilot
Have all ships inspected at anchor
before entry of the port so the ship
can load immediately at arrival after
customs clearance.
Holds must be inspected by agriculture
and stability calculation must be
approved by Port Warden. We spend
often 6 hours if things are going well
before we can load.
Tugboat ride is not always available
currently as weather and availability is
limiting the possibility to pre inspect
the ships to save time along side.
Helicopter ride is 10 minutes and all
ships have heliplatform on deck on
one of the hatches
Ice Advisor availability
Canadian regulations for ice
Class of ship for Hudson Bay up
to 31st of October
Ice Advisor from Hudson Bay if
required typically to Gibraltar or
discharge port .
Ice breaker assistance
Insurance discounts
Captains capability
Ships ice class
Management of grain
There must be absolute
synchronization of what is ordered of
type and quantity of grain and what
arrives in Churchill .
Ships line up must be advised to all
parties and coordination meetings
must be held every day to agree on
schedule and info sent to all
companies/ tugs/stevedore
foreman/other involved parties.
Plan the season as much as possible
and have one major shipping line to
provide the ships or one company to
have the majority of shipments to
speed up and smooth the operation of
the ships
Train transport to Churchill
Train cars used for storage
Increase transport of grain for getting more stock in
house for next ship.
Quicker train transport after improvement of tracks
Empty trains 24/7 at the elevator
Churchill in numbers.
• In 2013 the Port of Churchill exported about 630000 metric
tons of grain.
• Gain by 24/7 operation of terminal will give:
• 38 % more time loading = 239400 mt.
• Helicopter/tug boarding saves 5 days along side with no
work performed = 120000 mt.
• 2 belts working all the time = est. 100000 mt.
• This will for very small improvements give an potential
export of 1089400 mt.
• This is without extending the season !
• Extending the season will improve 120000 mt. a week
including 2 weather days.
• Realistic you can extend 2 weeks so export will then be
1.329400 mt. = 100 % + improvement.
What can Norden Tankers
and Bulkers USA Inc do for
Norden arranging a package deal and
manage it.
This will include 1 Canadian icebreaker
tugboat with Canadian crew.
Use of Wilson tugboat already In
Churchill with existing crew.
Ships are clean and ready to load at
arrival without any problems
Very new fleet of ships so we get
minimal mechanical breakdown.
Diversity of ships for the right size for
right cargo and amount carried to
discharge port.
Ice class ships if needed in end of season
Ice Advisor availability
Experience from similar project
Good solid shipping line with solid
efficient back up and experienced
operators to do daily update and
arrangements for the ship line up.
Port Captain to over see the project and
be Nordens Port Manager and be part of
the Churchill management team.
Flexible possibilities in all aspects with
more ships and quick commando way to
get changes arranged.
Norden is founded in 1871 = 143 years ago
Norden has the ships you will need
Norden has the experience from similar project
Norden has the backbone to deliver
Norden has a very young fleet of ships
Norden is exporting several hundred grain
shipment a year from Canada already
1 ship of every 50 bulk carriers in the world is a
Norden ship
Norden has 2% of the world fleet
Norden is currently building 30 new ships where
of 24 are bulk carriers
Norden has offices in Denmark, USA, India,
Singapore, China and Brazil.
Norden has world wide operation with a Port
Captain network to over see any project
Norden had 1000 port calls in North America last
Norden has about 300 ship in operation today
Norden has about 1150 employees
Norden is a public company and thereby
transparent for everyone to see the results
Questions ??

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