Yanomamo - Kinship Molly Scott, Francesca Di Marco, and Audrey Devictor. Content 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Rights Of Passage Marriage Polygyny Sexuality Events Taboos Social Links 8. Rules of Descent 9. Child/Adult 10. Family Organisation 11.Male/ Female Rights Of Passage Girls: Boys: • Menstruation • No ritual or specific point. • Isolation Screens • Only significance is to • Respect – not called determine the time of by ones name. marriage. • Uncle/Father Men: Paternal aunts daughter Maternal uncles daughter Paternal uncles daughter Maternal aunts daughter Marriage Women: Paternal aunts son Maternal uncles son Paternal uncles son Maternal aunts son Polygyny • • • • Social status Demographic imbalances Female infanticide. Men marry later than women do. Sexuality • • • • Not repressed or hidden Women are forbidden Accepting of sexual relations between kin. Women are expected to have intercourse with their husband whenever he demands. • Adultery STRICLTY FORBIDDEN Events and Ceremonies • • • • • Important part of Yanomamo culture No women at event – Preparation. Food, Alcohol, Drugs. Endocannibalism. No ceremony for marriage. Taboos • Incest – patriarchal society. • Cannibalism – in spite of endocannibalism Social links • Allied with surrounding villages – marriage. • Trade – Teaching – Arranged marriage. • First Moiety, then village, then the next band out which would be close by villages are marriage allies, followed by feasting allies, trading allies and lastly enemies. Rules of Descent Patriarchal - Patrilineal Child/Adult division • Mother raises children – Boys > Girls. • Boys are encouraged to be fierce and violent. • Girls must learn and work, boys are free to play. • Children are more vulnerable – souls are not firm Reproduction/ Family Organisation • Nuclear family by age. • Fathers die, Boys become “boss” • Marriages are arranged by a father or elder male kin. • Villages range from 40 – 300. • Adults < Children. Male / Female division • Girls have chores as children and act as a second mother. • Girls marry younger than men, and have very little choice in who they marry. • Their lives change very little when married • Women are 100% under the control and command of their husband, they are often beaten, this is often considered as a sign of affection. (Protected by brothers). • Women are respected much more when they are older. • Women offer deliver messages an recover bodies. • Stranger villages abduct, rape and keep women. Any Questions?