The Roaring 20s: A Clash of Values Ch 7.1 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS • What is a recession? • Do economic recessions increase feelings of Nativism against immigrants? Monday, March 19, 2012 • Understand the different clashes of values in the 1920s. Nativism v Immigration • In the early 1920s economic recession, increased immigration, racial and cultural tensions led to a new rise of Nativism. • Eugenics supported the Nativism movement and a new Ku Klux Klan (KKK) targeted "unAmerican“ groups like Catholics, Jews. Sacco and Vanzetti • Two Italian anarchists immigrants were accused of murder and found guilty with little evidence. • An example of prejudice based on political beliefs and ethnicity. Controlling Immigration • The Emergency Quota Act limited immigration to 3% of the population already in the US from that country. • It limited immigration from “undesirable” places. • The National Origins Act of 1924 which further tightens these restrictions targeted at South and Eastern Europeans and Asians. Hispanic Immigration • The Immigration laws excluded limits from Latin America. • Many Mexicans and other Latin Americans filled the labor shortage. Discussion Questions • Prohibition-banning/stopping the sale and use of something. • Prohibition exists today! • Come up with a current example of prohibition. • The goal of prohibition is to get people to stop using the illegal substance. • Is prohibition working today? • If people continue to use something illegally despite prohibition, where do they get it from? • “I am like any other man. All I do is supply a demand.” -Al Capone Prohibition • The 18th Amendment made the sale and manufacture of Alcohol illegal. • The Volstead Act gave the gov’t the police powers to enforce prohibition. • Underground Bars became Speakeasies were they sold illegal liquor. The Simpsons! Homer v 18th Amendment • In this episode Springfield suffers from a crisis of conscience because of rampant alcoholism in the city. • The religious people in the town begin a prohibition movement to ban the sale and consumption of alcohal • It is then discovered that there has been a prohibition law in place, its just been ignored and they demand it be inforced. • Homer then begins “boot-legging” making booze illegally. Homer v 18th Amendment (cont’d) • Chief Wiggum (the city’s police chief) is fired for failing to enforce the law. • He’s replaced by Rex Banner, an agent of the US Treasury dept who has been given police powers by the Volstead Act. • Banner then begins pursuing Homer aka “the Beer Baron” • Homer supplies Moe’s Tavern which is now operating as an underground bar (speakeasy) with the bootlegged beer. The Flapper • A young, dramatic, stylish, and unconventional women- symbolized women’s changing behavior in the 1920s. Discussion Questions • What is the theory of Evolution? • Who came up with it? • What is biblical Creationism? Science v Religion: The Scopes “Monkey” Trial • Fundamentalists rejected the theory of Evolution and believed in biblical Creationism instead. • These two beliefs clashed in the Scopes “Monkey” Trial.