Street Law Review

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Street Law Review
Chapters 1-6
The study of law.
What is jurisprudence?
True or False?
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
and the U.S. Constitution basically protect
the same set of rights.
False.
Laws enacted by legislatures.
Statutes
Another term for a lawsuit
A civil action
Arbitration is a conflict resolution method
that most resembles going to court.
True
Besides arbitration, what are the two
other means of conflict resolution?
Mediation and Negotiation
Mediation is a dispute resolution process in
which a neutral party decides on the best
solution to the conflict.
False.
The process of questioning prospective
jurors to see their suitability for a specific
trial.
Voir dire
In a trial court, who has the burden of
proof?
The prosecutor or plaintiff
Appeals are made when an error of law/fact
occurs at trial. Choose one.
Errors of law.
Type of legal system in which there is a
contest between opposing sides.
adversarial
A down payment that a client pays toward
the costs of a lawsuit.
Retainer
Anything you say to the attorney is private
and confidential.
Attorney-client privilege
True or False?
The best way to find a good attorney is
through an ad on the Internet or in the
media.
False
The best way is through a personal
recommendation from family or friends.
Requiring citizens to pay taxes is based on
this type of value.
a. Moral
b. Economic
c. Political
d. social
B; Economic
Rules and regulations made and enforced
by government to regulate people’s
conduct.
What is Law?
These officials investigate complaints and
help parties reach agreements.
Ombudspersons
Which of the following statements about
the inquisitional system is true?
a. The jury has the sole responsibility for
bringing out the evidence
b. This system is the cornerstone of the
American legal system.
c. According to this view, the goal of the
trial is “victory, not truth, or justice.”
d. The judge is active in questioning the
witnesses.
D; the judge is more active in questioning
the witnesses.
Justice Thomas did not agree with the
majority of the justices on the court and
wrote a separate statement of her
analysis. What is this called?
A dissenting opinion
Striking a prospective juror without stating
a reason.
Peremptory Challenge
Person who brings a lawsuit against another
person.
Plaintiff
The alleged wrongdoer.
Defendant
An attorney fee based on a percentage of
what the client wins in a case.
Contingency fee
People who become lawyers are most likely
to work
a. In private practice
b. For the government
c. For corporations, unions, or trade
associations
d. For public interest organizations
A; most work in private practice
What is the case in which a lawyer, on
behalf of a client, sues another lawyer for
a serious error that caused the client to
lose his or her case?
Legal malpractice
Law based on judges rulings or past
decisions.
Case law
Rights people have just because they are
human beings.
Human Rights
In what year was the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights approved by the United
Nations?
A. 1942
B. 1945
C. 1946
D. 1948
1948
What American was instrumental in
creating the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights?
Eleanor Roosevelt
A serious crime for which the penalty is
typically a year or more in prison/jail.
felony
Represents civil litigants who are too poor
to hire a lawyer.
Legal aid organization
These courts handle cases related to
guardianships, estates, trusts, and the
mentally ill.
Probate Court
jurisdiction
Authority to hear a case
In Michigan, this is the highest court.
Michigan Supreme Court
How many justices sit on the Michigan
Supreme Court?
7
Are Michigan state court judges appointed
or elected?
Elected.
In the court system, this is where jury trials
are held; they are called the “work
horses” of the judicial system.
District Court

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