The Emotional Factor - Bannerman High School

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HIGHER PE
THE
EMOTIONAL
FACTOR
JD
Plagiarism Warning
Throughout this power point there are
sample answers. Please note that these
sample answers are not to be used as
your own work they are for reference
only. If you fail to comply with this
request you will be at risk of failing the
course.
THERE ARE FIVE ASPECTS IN
THE EMOTIONAL FACTOR
These are:
• Happiness & Sadness
• Anger
• Fear
• Trust
• Surprise
HOW CAN THE EMOTIONAL FACTOR AFFECT
PERFORMANCE?
Here are some ways in which the following factors may impact
performance.
Happiness / Sadness – May have an impact on confidence, self belief, you may
doubt your own ability. You may be more optimistic or pessimistic.
Anger – Will impact on self control, decision making, clarity of thought.
Fear – Will impact on decision making, confidence, nerves.
Trust – This will affect self respect, respect for team mates, confidence I your
own ability and others to execute roles/tasks etc.
Surprise – This will impact on decision making , resilience, confidence.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNY0AAUtH3g
Emotional Factor Task
Select three aspects from the Emotional
Factor.
Describe how two of the aspects you
picked had a positive impact during your
performance and how one had a
negative impact during your
performance. Support your answer with
examples and scenarios. The same activity must
be used throughout however not all scenarios need to come
from the same performance.
(6)
Task Sample Answer
The three aspects from the Emotional factor l
will discuss are Happiness, Trust and Anger, l
will use Basketball as my sport.
Happiness positively affected my performance
as scoring an impressive lay up in the opening
minute made me feel good about myself and
boosted my confidence to attempt the shot
again which I did several times scoring 85% of
total lay-up’s taken. My teammates also
congratulated me making me feel happy. This
boosted my confidence and made me relax
benefitting my awareness and concentration.
Sample Answer Cont.
Trust - When playing tough opponents, I feel
under pressure to play well and this makes me
begin to doubt my ability. However, my coach
spoke to me before our last match saying I had
done well in training and that I was now one of
the strongest players in the team. He then
asked me to mark the opponents best player.
This was a massive task but it made me feel
extra confident, relaxed and secure as I knew
my coach had faith in my ability. This paid off as
I was able to subdue my opponent, they only
scored 8 points in the whole match. My
confidence was sky high and my place in the
team felt extremely secure as a result of trust.
Sample Answer Cont.
Anger affected my decision making and level
of arousal, especially when the referee made
bad decisions. This led to me not thinking
clearly and making simple mistakes such as
shooting when I should pass to a team mate
in a far better position. This happened on five
occasions, which cost our team a potential
ten points. I also got angry when one of my
team mates didn’t pass the ball when I was
open for a lay up in the first quarter. This
caused disharmony and a negative
atmosphere in the team which is not positive.
This led to us loosing some cheap baskets.
METHODS OF
INVESTIGATING……..
• Disciplinary Record
• Questionnaire / Self Reflection
• Coach Feedback
• Profile of Mood States Test (POMS)
http://www.brianmac.co.uk/poms.ht
m
Emotional Questionnaire
Here is an example of an
emotional questionnaire for
elite level sportspeople:
http://www.midss.org/content/
sport-emotion-questionnaire
PS, its at bottom of page, word doc.
Disciplinary Record
Below is an example of a Basketball disciplinary record. A
skilled assessor needs to fill this in as they know what to
look for and are a reliable source.
Foul Type
Technical
(unsporting)
Game 1
Game 2
Game 3
Personal
(types of
contact)
Types of foul could
be related to certain
aspects of the
Emotional Factor.
Flagrant
(violent
conduct)
EG. Flagrant - Anger
Shooting
(illegal
prevention)
Profile of Mood States (POMS)
http://www.brianmac.co.uk/poms.h
tm
POMS - A psychological test designed to measure a
person's affective states. These include tension,
depression, anger, vigour, fatigue, and confusion.
Unlike personality traits, mood states are thought
to be temporary and specific to a given situation,
although moods can also be measured for recent
prolonged periods such as the past several months.
POMS is a popular research tool among sport
psychologists. Take the test yourself and then
compare your scores to the averages in the norms
table to see which category you are closest too.
Task
• Describe one method you used to
investigate the Emotional factor,
explain how you carried out this
investigation in detail. (4)
• Explain and justify why you chose
this method of investigation (4)
Task break down
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Question 1
Name the method you used. Explain how you went about
executing this method, tell us what you did, when you did
it & how you did it etc. (2)
Provide evidence from the method to prove you actually
did it, such as: questions from the questionnaire, things
your coach would assess you on, POMS questions / test
criteria. Diagrams are allowed. (2)
Question 2
Ease of use?
Reliable source?
Can be easily re tested after training?
Shows strengths / weaknesses?
Instant feedback?
Gives motivation to improve?
Development Approaches
• Team Talks (coaches and players)
• Team Meetings (players only)
• Self Talk – The 3 R’s, Recognise,
Regroup & Refocus.
• Mental Rehearsal, Rituals & Routines.
• Conflict Management techniques
• Rewards , prizes, bonus’s (Internal &
External).
Team Talks (C&P’s)
(Normally led by Coach, Manager)
Pre game
• Re cap on training, game, targets of last week
etc.
• Focus on opponents S&W’s
• Motivation
• Tactics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGQjam2ocqo
Post Game (24 hrs)
• Post match analysis, positive & negative.
• C & P’s share their opinions on ways forward.
• New targets, plans made.
Team Meetings
(The things coaches don’t hear!)
Normally done by Captain, Senior players or you!!
Pre game
•
•
•
Motivation
Recap tactics
Target setting
Mid game
•
•
•
Organisation
Tactics
Motivation
•
•
•
Post game
Praising good performance
Re setting targets
Motivation
Self Talk the 3 R’s
• Recognise
• Regroup
• Re focus
These three aspects can be done during training
drills for each sport. They would be most
effective during pressurised situations / drills or
conditioned / training games or during real
matches.
Recognise
• Where am l going wrong?
• How is it happening?
• What am I doing differently to before?
Elite performers may ask questions such as these when in times of
difficulty. Once they have figured out their problem they then can……
Re Group
Fix errors by………
• Positive thoughts of previous performances
• Visualising better performance
• Using motivational phrases that helped before
Re Focus
• Calm down the situation
• Remember everything that has been done in training
• Clear mind, ready to achieve
Conflict Management
Conflict – Conflict exists when one person
has a need of another and that need is not
being met.
From the pictures above you can see how conflict in
sports happens regularly.
Have you ever been in conflict with a team mate?
How to Resolve Conflict
• A neutral party is brought in to mediate (police the
discussion)
• Rules for the discussion are made
• Both parties must agree to be open, honest and listen to the
other person without interruption.
• Both parties get time to express their views, if they are
providing examples they must be based on facts.
• The mediator then aims to find common ground between the
parties. ‘you both want to win the league, don’t you’
• Mediator then will encourage parties to make concessions to
understand the opposing parties view point and hopefully
comes to an agreement between both parties.
Mental Rehearsal, Rituals &
Routines.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RCA6I13aczM
Badminton – Stand in the same spot when serving.
Basketball – Bounce the ball 3 times before a free throw.
Football – Measure three steps back from the ball before a
free kick.
Volleyball – Align the valve on the ball to face your body
before serve.
These rituals can aid, Trust & Happiness. They will also conquer
Fear and Surprise as you will be comfortable in your
environment. However any variation of these could lead to
Anger.
Development Needs Task
(a)Select one aspect from the Emotional
Factor which effects you greatly when
performing in your activity.
Choose an appropriate development
approach and outline how you will go about
using this approach to overcome your
identified emotional weakness. (4)
(b)Justify your decision to use the selected
development approach in part (a) (3)
(a)
Volleyball – Serve
Emotional Factor Weakness – Trust
Development Method – Mental Rehearsal, Rituals & Routines
•
•
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Recently doubting my ability to serve well, 7/10 hit net last game
Subbed when my turn to serve!
Spend time after training on my own
Create a routine of, check left foot just in front of right, bounce
ball 3 times to prepare mind ( what part of ball to hit, which part
of hand to hit with, target). Central hand grip, to left hand under,
align valve to front, throw to shoulder height, curve right hand,
hit centre of the ball.
Do this in a non pressurised environment
Get comfortable, feel skill is at autonomous stage again.
Then record, how many out of 10 land in court etc.
Before serve in game run through routine slowly, focussing on
what my mind is telling me.
(b)
Justification - Approach will allow me to…
• Regain confidence by practising under no
pressure or time constraint.
• Groove skill into mind, get back to autonomous
stage, restore faith in ability.
• Routine will become second nature which can
be performed under pressure.
• Mentally will feel confident, training scores to
prove I can perform the serve to a high
standard.
• Method can be overloaded to increase
pressure, resulting in team mates witnessing
better performance and they will have faith
restored.
Monitoring Emotional Development
• Training Diary - record thoughts and
feelings
• Disciplinary record’s, compare and
contrast
• Questionnaire’s, compare and contrast
• Coach feedback
Revision
Q 1 – Explain how the Emotional factor impacted on your
performance, use any sport of your choice (4)
Q 2 – Discuss one method that you used to investigate within
the Emotional Factor. Describe how you carried out this
method. (4)
Q 3 – Justify your decision to use this method of investigation
(4)
Q 4 – Review the information you gathered, making reference
to your performance strengths and development needs. (4)
Q 5 – In detail describe a development approach you used to
improve you development need(s), explain a training session
you did using this method and how you would progress it. (4)

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