Mengungkapkan berbagai macam maksud hati

Understanding expressions dealing with invitations
Read the following conversation
Mia : Let’s go to the cinema.
: I’m afraid I can’t. I’m busy. How about having
lunch ?
I’m hungry now.
: With a pleasure. Anyway, do you have a plan this
weekend ?
: No. What’s your plan ?
: I would like to have a birthday party. Would you like
: No, it’s just family party. I just invite you and Emily
to come ?
: I’d love to. Will you invite all of your friends ?
Expressions dealing with invitation
If you want to invite someone, you can
use some expressions below
 Let’s go
 Let’s pray
 Would you like to come to my house ?
 Would you like to come to my party ?
 Would you like to have lunch with me ?
 Would you like to go with me ?
 Do you fancy going out for a meal on
the weekend ?
Expressions dealing with invitation
Use the following expressions below
to respond the invitation
Positive responses :
With a pleasure
 Of course
 Sure
 Certainly
 I’d love to, thanks
 That’s very kind of you, thanks
 That’s sounds lovely, thanks
 What’s a great idea, thanks
Negative responses
 I’m sorry, I can’t. I’m busy today
 I’d love to but I’m afraid I can’t
 I’m really sorry I have an appointment
 That’s very kind of you, but I’m doing
something else on Saturday
 Well, I’d love to, but I’ve already gone to
the music concert
 I really don’t think I can. I’m supposed to
be doing something else
Contoh soal
: Hello, would you like to come to
my house tonight ? We will have
a birthday party for my
youngest sister.
: Yes, sure…………
I’d love to
I don’t think so
C. I have a lot of work to do
D. Would you like to have dinner with me ?
Language Focus
Used to
There are two construction of “used to” which
have different meaning
1. Used to + V1
This construction is used to tell about
something happen regularly in the past but
no longer happens
Example :
- We used to play football a lot, but now we
don’t play very often
- He used to have a fat body when he was a
- Rina used to live in Solo, but now she lives
in Medan
To form the negative sentence, we use’ didn’t
use to’ or ‘used not to’
Example :
I didn’t use to like him
I used not to like him
The pattern of question is did (you) use to ….?
Example :
Did you use to eat a lot of candies when
you were a child ?
Did you use to be a guitar player in a
music band ?
2. Be/get used to + V-ing
This construction is used to tell that
something is not new or strange for
Example :
 Bagus is used to living far from his
 Dodi isn’t used to getting up early.
 Hadi is used to riding bicycle to go to
When we say “ I’m used to
something “, to is a preposition, not
part of infinitive. That’s why we
should say “ Bagus is used to living
far from his parents “ instead of “
Bagus is used to live far from his
parents “.
“Be used to”, It means be accustomed to
Example :
- She is used to have long flight
- I am used to read my newspaper in
the morning
- We are used to spend our vacation
in Bali
Have you ever bargained on
something you want to buy ?
What kind of expressions do you
use to bargain ?
Read the following conversation !
: Do you have a T-shirt ?
: Sure. Look these are, please !
: How much is it ?
: It’s seventy nine thousand rupiahs ?
: How expensive ! Can you make it fifty
thousand rupiahs ?
Shopkeeper : Sorry. It is a soft T-shirt.
: How about sixty thousand rupiahs ?
Shopkeeper : Not yet, if you agree, I’ll give you sixty
five thousand rupiahs.
: Well, I take it. Here is the money.
Shopkeeper : Here is your T-shirt, and thanks
: You’re welcome
Expressions dealing with bargaining
Asking about
something we want
to buy
- Do you have a
sweater ?
- is there any
sugar ?
Asking about the
- How much is it ?
- What’s the
price of …….?
- How much does
it cost ?
Asking about the
- Do you have the
big one ?
- Can I get the
smaller one ?
Asking about the
- what is the
material of this
bag ?
- what is it made
from ?
Asking about the
method of payment
- Can I pay for it
by a credit card ?
- Do you receive a
credit card ?
- Can I pay for it in
cash ?
- What about fifty
thousand rupiahs?
- Can you make it
thousand rupiahs?
- Can you make it
fifty percent off
- Can I have it 25
thousand rupiahs?
Use these expressions below to
respond those kind of expressions
Yes, here these are
It’s seventy-nine thousand rupiahs
Here is the smaller one
It’s made of leather
We receive a credit card
Sorry, we can’t give it for you. It’s a
cotton one
Grammar in focus
Concessive Conjunction
Concessive conjunctions are conjunction
which introduce concessive clauses to
create a relationship between two or more
information. Concessive conjunctions are
usually used in academic writing to give a
clear information or evidence to the
readers. It makes the readers see that the
information is carrying more weight, being
more relevant to arguments or topic, and
being worth further development
The most common concessive conjunctions
are although, even though, while, whereas, in
spite of (the fact that), despite (the fact
Example :
 I didn’t get a job in spite of the fact that I
had the necessary qualifications.
 Although the traffic was bad, we arrived on
 Even though I was really tired, I couldn’t
We went out in spite of the rain
Read the following dialogue!
Mira : Look ! The sky is cloudy now. I’m sure, it will be
raining soon.
Bela : I don’t think so. Yesterday, the sky was dark but it
didn’t rain.
Mira : But today it will be rainy. Look over there !
Bela : Certainly ! Today is rainy.
Mira : Anyway, will you join the English club ?
Bela : I don’t know. I’m not sure
Mira : Why ?
Bela : Actually, I have enough money. But my sister was
sick. My mother borrowed it. You know, my mother
has been a single parents since a year ago.
Expressing certainty
Below are some expressions to ask about
Are you sure that uncle John will come soon ?
Do you believe that she has married ?
Is it right that his father has passed away ?
Do you think that she will be the winner ?
Some of the responses are :
Response of certainty
- Yes, I’m quite sure
- Yes, I’m certain
- Yes, I’m absolutely sure
- Yes, of course
- Yes, without doubt
- Yes, I really believe that…
Response of uncertainty
- It’s doubtful
- I doubt it
- I’m not really sure
- I have my doubt
- Perhaps
- Probably
- Possibly
Language Focus
To express certainty or uncertainty, we can use :
1. Simple Future Tense + certainly
Study the following examples:
- Lukman will certainly fail the exam if he (100%) +
doesn’t study hard.
- It will probably rain tomorrow.
- Hafidh will possibly fail the exam.
- His parents probably won’t arrive before Friday.
- Nora certainly won’t pass the exam.
(100%) -
2. Modals (must, maybe, might, could), verbs
Study the following example:
 He must be in school by now.
 There is likely to be a storm tomorrow.
 Ahmad maybe wait for you at the cinema.
 She might get the first prize in the essay
 Vivi could be a great swimmer if she practised
more often.
 I don’t suppose he could lend my new car.
 I doubt is she will come now
 Ayu can’t have failed the exam, she is the
best student in our school
Expressions of making
To express compliment, you can use
some expressions below
- You look wonderful tonight
- Good job !
- That’s very kind of you
- How beautiful you are
- What a nice gown it is
- What a beautiful bride
To respond compliment, use
expressions below
- Thank you
- Thanks
- Not at all
Contoh soal
: Mom, look ! I can make my own
: ………. That looks delicious.
a. That’s awful.
b. You still need more practice.
c. Where’s the cake ?
d. Good job !

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