Day 1-Female and Male Reproductive Systems 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Grab a Biology EOC Exam Preparation Bell Ringer Provide a GIST of the Question. Bubble your answer. Explain your answer. After correcting, reflect on your answer. BENCHMARK SC.912.L.16.13*Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the human reproductive system. OBJECTIVE I will Identify and describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the human reproductive system. Human reproductive systems are essential for human life. Identify and describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the human reproductive system. Using your Power Notes, view the posters in the Gallery Walk to copy in your notes. 2. Once finished, quietly return to your seat. 3. We will review these notes. 1. What is reproduction? What is the result of not being able to reproduce? What are the reproductive structures of humans called? What is fertilization? The organs of the female reproductive system are specialized for three major functions: 1. To enable sperm to enter the body, to meet with the ova and create a fetus. 2. The location where a baby develops. 3. To protect the internal genital organs from infectious organisms. The female reproductive system produces ova, a reproductive cell, or gamete. The ova is are produced by female gonads (sexual glands) called ovaries. All of them are present at birth. In a woman's body the fallopian tube allows passage of the egg from the ovary to the uterus. The uterus, or womb, is a major female hormoneresponsive reproductive sex organ. In the uterus, the fetus develops during gestation. One end, the cervix, opens into the vagina, while the other is connected to one or both fallopian tubes. The cervix is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. The cervix has an opening to allow sperm and menstrual fluid to move through. The vagina is a sex organ with two main functions: sexual intercourse and childbirth. The vagina is a hollow muscular organ that joins the cervix (the lower part of uterus) to the outside of the body. The vaginal walls are lined in a mucus membrane for protection and to keep it moist. The organs of the male reproductive system are specialized for three major functions: 1. To produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen) 2. To discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract. 3. To produce and secrete male sex hormones Sperm refers to the male reproductive cells. The scrotum is a pouch-like structure that hangs behind the penis. It holds and protects the testes. It also contains numerous nerves and blood vessels. The testies are the male gonads. They produce sperm and hormones, mainly testosterone. The epididymis is a whitish mass of tightly coiled tubes cupped against the testicles. It acts as a maturation and storage place for sperm before they pass into the vas deferens, tubes that carry sperm to the ampullary gland and prostatic ducts. The vas deferens, also known as the sperm duct, is a thin tube that starts from the epididymis to the pelvic cavity. Seminal vesicles are sac-like structures attached to the vas deferens at one side of the bladder. They produce a sticky, yellowish fluid. This fluid provides sperm cells energy. The urethra is a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the genitals for the removal of fluids from the body. In males, the urethra travels through the penis, and carries semen as well as urine. The prostate gland surrounds the ejaculatory ducts at the base of the urethra, just below the bladder. The prostate gland is responsible for the production of semen, a liquid mixture of sperm cells, prostate fluid and seminal fluid. The penis is the male sex organ. It releases the sperm from the body. Get a Reinforcement Worksheet. Read the paragraph summary and answer questions 1-4. 3. File your student work in your student folder. 4. Comment on at least 4 assignments. 1. 2.