TITLE 44 POINT META NORMAL LF ALL CAPS

Report
VMAX Best Practices for
VMware Environments
David Robertson
vSpecialist
Itzik Reich
vSpecialist
© Copyright 2011 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
1
VMAX FA Flag Settings for vSphere
• SPC-2
• SCSI 3 (Optional) No effect on ESX anymore.
• Unique WWN (UWN)
• Common Serial Number (C)
• OS2007 (Optional)
Screenshot from within VirtualCenter using the VSI4
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2
Connectivity Considerations with VMAX
• VMware ESX Servers should have multiple physical
HBA
• VMware Servers should be connected to multiple
directors
– Directors 7 and 8 in single engine configurations
– Connections to different directors in different engines in
multiple engine configuration
• Connect each HBA to a minimum of two ports on
different directors
– Not a requirement but strongly recommended
– I/O intensive workload will benefit
– Servicing of the array is less impacting
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3
Connectivity Considerations with VMAX−
Cont.
Ideal
Minimum
Configuration
HBA1 HBA2
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HBA1 HBA2
VMware
vSphere
Servers
4
Connectivity Considerations with VMAX−
Cont.
HBA1 HBA2
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HBA1 HBA2
VMware
vSphere
Servers
5
Path Management with VMAX
• PowerPath/VE is strongly recommended for
vSphere environment
– PowerPath/VE is optimized for multi-controller
storage (i.e. VMAX)
• NMP policy is available with vSphere
– Use Round Robin policy for Symmetrix arrays
• esxcli nmp satp setdefaultpsp -P VMW_PSP_RR -s
VMW_SATP_SYMM
– We recommend setting the Round Robin IOPS
parameter to 1 (default is 1000)
– Use Fixed Policy for Gatekeepers
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6
Using the VSI to configure Multipathing
policy
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7
VMAX FA Configuration for SPC-2
• Turned on per Fibre Channel port or per initiator
• Do not activate in a live system if not previously
set
• Default from 5773 (DMX-4)
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8
Performance and Storage Layout –
vSphere with VMAX
• Use Virtual Provisioning
– Always provides optimal balance in VMware environments
– FAST VP
• Physical Disk Size and Protection
– Depends on the IO characteristics of the workload
• LUN Layout
– Avoid using same set of disks for applications with different
I/O characteristics
• Configuration for I/O intensive application data
– Follow best practices recommendations for a physical
server
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9
Partition Alignment (VMFS and Guest OS)
• Intel-based systems are misaligned due to metadata written by the BIOS
to handle LBA to CHS translation
– Partition Misalignment affects VMFS and Guest OS partitions
• Host-based Partition Utilities can be used to Align Partitions:
– For Linux and VMFS Alignment use fdisk
• Offset partition to 64 KB boundary
• Aligned VMFS partitions are now automatically created by vSphere Client
– For Windows Operating Systems (2003 in particular) use the diskpart
utility
• Create partition aligned on 64 KB boundary
• Use diskpar for versions of pre-Windows 2003 System at SP1
– Earlier versions of diskpart will show partitions as aligned, even if they are not
• For Metavolumes (MetaLUNs) only the base device needs to be aligned
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10
Effects of Partition Misalignment
• Symmetrix VMAX uses 64K track size
• In an Aligned System, the 64 KB write would be serviced by a single
drive
• File-system misalignment affects performance in two ways:
– Misalignment causes disk crossings: I/O broken across two drives
– Misalignment causes stripe crossings: I/O broken across stripe
elements
• Even if disk operations are buffered by cache, there is performance
impact
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11
VMAX Virtual Provisioning in VMware
vSphere Environments
• vSphere provides native thin provisioning
– Either one can be used
– Both features can be used simultaneously but doing so
increases risk
• VMAX Virtual Provisioning simplifies drive and DA
workload distribution
– Provides additional benefits besides optimizing storage
use
– Ensure enough paths and TDEVs to support the workload
• VMAX Virtual Provisioning provides additional
benefits
– Zero Reclaim and Rebalancing
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12
VMAX Virtual Provisioning for vSphere–
Performance Considerations
• RAID protection of data devices
– Balance between performance versus resiliency
• Fully allocate Virtually Provisioned devices if
– Applications sensitive to latency
– The risk of oversubscription is too high
• Optimum performance when IOs are aligned
– VMFS is aligned on 64 KB boundary (use vCenter)
– Virtual disks should be aligned
• Including boot volumes (Linux, pre-win2k8/windows7)
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13
VMAX Virtual Provisioning for vSphere–
Performance Considerations – Cont.
• Striped versus Concatenated thin metavolumes
– Depends on type of workload
• Small block versus large block
• Random versus sequential
• Reads versus writes
– Influenced by presence or absence of SRDF
– Concatenated thin metavolumes can be grown
• Frequently exploited feature in VMware environments
• Striped metas can be grown as of 5875 and SE 7.2
• Most VMware environments have small block
random read workload
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14
VMAX Zero Space Reclamation
• Reclaims thin pool storage by deallocating unnecessary track
groups
– Scans each track group and discards those containing all zeros
– Deallocated tracks are presented as all zeros by Symmetrix to host
Thin Pool
0000000000000000
100110010001111
• Primary use is post migration from “thick” to “thin”
– Migration performed using TimeFinder/Clone or Open Replicator for
Symmetrix
• Reclamation should be run prior to configuring any replication
relationships
– Thin devices in active TimeFinder or SRDF relationships will be
skipped
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15
VMAX Zero Space Reclamation – Cont.
• Very useful tool in VMware environments
– Relevant if customer upgraded to vSphere
VMware Thin
Zeroedthick (VMware Thick)
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Eagerzeroedthick
16
VMAX Virtual Provisioning
Automated Pool Rebalancing
• Rebalances allocated tracks across data devices
contained within thin pool
• Levels out imbalances caused by thin pool expansion
– Or unbinding thin devices from the thin pool
• Scheduled process that runs at given intervals
Thin Pool
– User defines imbalance as a percentage utilization difference
within the pool (user configurable 1% to 50%)
• In VMware environments, storage requirements can
increase rapidly
– Mass VM deployment (VDI, testing environments, etc…)
• Virtual environments are very dynamic
– Adding datastores, removing datastores
• Automated Pool Rebalancing maintains performance and
gives best TCO
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17
VMware vSphere and FAST VP
• FAST VP operates at the sub-LUN level
• Analyzes/moves data in groups of 10 extents (1 extent =
768k)
– Great value in vSphere environments
– RDMs, dedicated datastores
• Considerations are the same as that for physical servers
• Configure a single standard size of device on all tiers
– Same size TDEV’s recommended
• For optimal system performance use Optimizer in concert
with FAST VP
– Optimizer will balance load within a tier
• Utilize EMC Virtual Storage Integrator to identify the
Storage Type
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18
EMC FAST in Action
EMC Storage with an active ESX Cluster
VMware
VMware
VMware
VMware
All Fibre Channel
Disk Drives
Disk Resources are ~80% Busy
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19
EMC FAST in Action
Add Flash Drives and Apply FAST Policy
VMware
VMware
VMware
VMware
Tiered Storage
4% Flash Drives
96% FC Drives
68% Less Disk I/O Contention
2.5X Faster Disk Response Time
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20
VMware vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI)
Available on VMAX with Enginuity 5875
Block Zero
Without API
 SCSI write – many blocks from host to
array
With API
 SCSI Write Same command – one
block from host to array and repeatedly
written
Benefits
 Reduce host I/O traffic
Without
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With
 Higher throughput for guest
applications
21
VMware vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI)
Available on VMAX with Enginuity 5875
Full Copy
Without API
 SCSI Read – data from array to host
 SCSI Write – data from host to array
With API
 SCSI Extended Copy – data moved
within the array
Benefits
 Reduces time to migrate
Without
With
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 Reduces time to deploy
22
VMware vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI)
Available on VMAX with Enginuity 5875
Hardware Assisted Locking
Without API
 Reserves the complete LUN
 Requires several SCSI commands
With API
 Works at a block level – no LUN lock
vmdk1
vmdk1
vmdk2
vmdk2
 SCSI Compare Swap command
Benefits
 Reduces SCSI reservation issues
Without
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With
 Allows more changes to metadata
23
Thank You!
• EMC Symmetrix VMAX Enginuity 5875: FAST VP, VAAI–Making The Best
Array even Better: http://itzikr.wordpress.com/2011/01/17/emc-symmetrixvmax-enginuity-5875-fast-vp-vaai-making-the-best-array-even-better/
• SRM Automated Failback Using EMC Symmetrix VMAX:
http://itzikr.wordpress.com/2011/01/10/srm-automatic-failback-using-emcsymmetrix-vmax/
• Increase Scalability for Virtual Desktops with EMC Symmetrix FAST VP
and VMware VAAI: http://www.emc.com/collateral/hardware/whitepapers/h8062-scalability-vmax-vaai-wp.pdf
• April 28-EMC Live Webcast: VNX Best Practices for VMware
Environments: http://info.emc.com/mk/get/DBM1069017709_raf_lp?reg_src=PA_Vmware
• Tuning NMP IOPS Parameter for Symmetrix Devices:
http://www.emc.com/collateral/hardware/white-papers/h8119-tuning-vmwaresymmetrix-wp.pdf
• Using EMC Symmetrix Storage in VMware vSphere Environments:
http://www.emc.com/collateral/hardware/solution-overview/h2529-vmwareesx-svr-w-symmetrix-wp-ldv.pdf
• White Paper: Using VMware vStorage APIs for Array Integration with
EMC Symmetrix VMAX: http://www.emc.com/collateral/hardware/whitepapers/h8115-vmware-vstorage-vmax-wp.pdf
© Copyright 2011 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.
24
VMware Site Recovery Manager Failover/
Failback DEMO
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25
Storage Pool Management feature for VSI
DEMO
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26

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