The Election of 1828 & the Corrupt Bargain

Report
US History
 Students will be able to (SWBAT) understand the
importance of the Election of 1824 and the Corrupt
Bargain in American history.
 “……….” create a thesis statement and provide two
statements that support the created thesis.
 “…………….” justify their position on whether or not the
United States Constitution does prevent tyranny.
President
Year Elected as
President
Federal office Held
before elected
George Washington
1788
John Adams
1796
Washington’s VicePresident
Thomas Jefferson
1800
Washington’s Secretary of
State / John Adam’s VicePresident
James Madison
1808
Author of US
Constitution & Thomas
Jefferson’s Secretary of
State
James Monroe
1816
James Madison’s
Secretary of State
What trends do you see?
By 1824, which federal
office seemed to be the
stepping stone to the
presidency?
Candidate
Geographic Connection
Prior Federal Office
Held
New England
Secretary of State for
James Monroe
West
Speaker of the House of
Representatives
William Crawford
Southeast
Secretary of Treasury for
President Monroe
Andrew Jackson
Southwest
War Hero of Battle of
New Orleans
What qualifications will
you want in a president?
Of the four candidates,
who seems to be
qualified? Explain.
John Q. Adams
Henry Clay
Of the four candidates,
who seems to be the least
qualified? Explain
Election of
1824
J.Q. Adams
H. Clay
W. Crawford
How many
total popular
votes did each
candidate
receive?
How many
electoral
college votes
did each get?
Name the
states that cast
their electoral
votes for each
candidate
According to the popular vote, who should have become president?
According to the electoral college, who should have become president?
A. Jackson
 Underline or highlight two
key points of this passage.
 According to this
amendment, who is given
the authority to choose the
President?
 Is this fair? Why or why
not?
 “If no person have such a
majority (of electoral
votes), then from the
persons having the highest
numbers not exceeding
three (candidates) on the
list of those voted for
president, the House of
Representatives shall
choose immediately, by
ballot, the President…”
 Why was this section of
the 12th Amendment
relevant in the election
of 1824?
 How many electoral
votes were needed to win
the election of 1824?
 “If no person have such a
majority (of electoral
votes), then from the
persons having the
highest numbers not
exceeding three
(candidates) on the list
of those voted for
president, the House of
Representatives shall
choose immediately, by
ballot, the President…”
 Which candidate
received a majority of
electoral votes?
 Did any of the candidates
receive enough electoral
votes to win?
 “If no person have such a
majority (of electoral
votes), then from the
persons having the
highest numbers not
exceeding three
(candidates) on the list
of those voted for
president, the House of
Representatives shall
choose immediately, by
ballot, the President…”
 Because there was no
clear electoral vote
winner – the 12th
Amendment was invoked
(used), which put the
decision of who would
become president in the
hands of Congress (lawmaking branch).
 Introduced the system of presidential elections, the
Electoral College, which is still used today.
 The 12th Amendment also specifies how the president
& vice president are to be selected should neither
obtain the votes of a majority of the electors: the
House of Representatives selects the new president
from the top three candidates.
Election of
1824
How many
votes did each
candidate
receive from
the H.O.R?
Name each
state that cast
their electoral
vote for each
candidate.
How many
states did not
vote as their
state did in
the election.
J.Q. Adams
H. Clay
W. Crawford
A. Jackson
 According to the House
of Representatives vote,
who became the
president?
 If you were a member of
the House of
Representatives, why
might you change your
state’s vote for a
presidential candidate?
 Strategies help you to
better understand the
material you are reading.
 Read about the corrupt
bargain and complete the
3-2-1 Summary Questions
in the right-hand margin.
 Identify 3 important facts
about the election.
 Identify two reasons
presidential candidates
were eliminated from the
contest.
 Provide one good reason
the election earned the
name “corrupt bargain.”
 Was there any way in
which Henry Clay, as
Speaker of the House,
could benefit politically
from the situation he
found himself?
 Is it fair to say that
Andrew Jackson was
cheated out of the
Presidency in 1824?
 Formulate a thesis,
which argues that either
the Constitution did or
did not guard against
tyranny in this case.
 You must be able to
support your thesis
statement with 2 factual
pieces of evidence.
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
 Had fewer popular votes
 Had more popular votes
 Had fewer electoral votes
 Had more electoral votes
 Gains the support of
 Accuses Adams, Clay &
Henry Clay
So what is the real story?
Congress of a “Corrupt
Bargain”

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