Community Paramedicine Programs in Minnesota, 2014

Community Paramedicine in
Minnesota, 2014
EMS Medical Directors Annual Conference
Arrow Wood Lodge | Alexandria, MN
9/5 – 9/7 2014
Dr. Michael Wilcox
The dilemma: access to health care is
becoming more difficult (rural and Metro)
Complicated by increasing numbers of
elderly, immigrants, the uninsured, and
mentally challenged
 Between 2010 and 2050, U.S. population will
increase by 42% (310 to 439 million)
 More diverse racially aggregate minority
population will be come the majority by 2042.
 By 2030, 20% will be >65 year of age.
Further impacted by the Federal
Accountable Health Care Act passed in
Compounded by a lack of primary care
providers (MD, NP, PA)
Minnesota’s Response
In an effort to address these issues,
Minnesota in 2007, funded a pilot
program to educate skilled paramedics
to increase their role in providing primary
care unto the needy members of their
A “Flex Grant” was provided by the
Minnesota Department of Health, Office
of Rural Health, to train 10 paramedics
to this role.
Minnesota’s Response
I was the Medical Director of the program,
and provided a summary of this initiative to
this conference in 2009.
In 2010, Minnesota passed legislation to
assist in paying these providers to do their
In 2012, the Minnesota Department of
Employment/Economic Development,
provided a $250,000 Jobs Skills
Partnership grant to EMS organizations
who wished to train a portion of their
paramedics in pursing this career path
Minnesota’s Response
NMMC, Allina, Hennepin County and
Health East participated in this initiative.
The Training Program
MnSCU, through Hennepin Technical
College and later Inver Hills Community
College, provided the academic curriculum.
The curriculum was developed by the North
Central EMS Institute (Susan Long MA, BA,
AS, NREMT-P, President)
It was heavily supported by Gary Wingrove
NREMT-P, Mayo EMS and fine- tuned by
many national and international instructors.
The Training Program
The program consists of 114 Didactic
Hours and 196 clinical hours which lead to
the attainment of 14 credits toward a
Since its inception Hennepin Technical
College has trained over 100 Minnesota
Paramedics to this certification (over 300
national/international candidates).
Inver Hills Community College presently
has 10 students in its program
 Kai Hjermstad NREMT-P – HTC coordinator
 Brad Wright NREMT-P – IHCC coordinator
Nova Scotia
North Dakota
New Jersey
North Carolina
Saudi Arabia
The CP Programs
Scott County Health Care Collaborative
 This program came into existence in 2009
 The first Minnesota program to use CPs
 Its made up of a partnership including the
Mdewakanton Sioux Community, Scott County
Public Health, and the Faith Communities of Scott
 Provides medical care freely to the uninsured,
under insured of Scott County
 Medical Director: Michael R. Wilcox MD
 Coordinator: Merrilee Brown, RN; Scott County
Public Health Nurse Director
Mobile Clinic
Med-Fire medical van travels
to five areas throughout Scott
County every two weeks
14-20 patients per session
Access issues – cannot
afford insurance
Identify a medical home
The CP Programs
North Memorial Medical Center
 Program came into existence in 2012
 At the present time they have 10 paramedics certified to the level
of CP
 It is a nationally recognized program to provide care to the
needy of the northwest metro area
 They have recently increased their FTEs to 3 CPs, seeing
patients in their home 12 hours a day 7 days a week
 Patient numbers: 12 – 16 per day
 These CPs see “High Medical Risk Recall Patients”
 10 or more medications
 3 or more chronic diseases
 Medications with a tight therapeutic window (Coumadin, Digitalis,
 Mental health related comorbidities
 Medical Director: Marc Conterato, MD
 Coordinators: Emilie Hedland, RN; Rick Wagner, NREMT-P
The CP Programs
Allina EMS Transportation
 Program came into existence in 2013
 Have 5 paramedics who have been certified to the
level of CP
 These CPs are working with chronic disease patients
to reduce readmission into two of Allina’s Hospitals
 These CPs are working also with mentally ill patients
to cut down on the need of transfer from busy
emergency room settings
 Medical Directors: Charlie Lick, MD; Paul Satterlee,
 Coordinator: Corey Kissling BA, RN, NREMT-P
The CP Programs
Hennepin County EMS Transportation
 Program came into existence in 2013
 It has 1.5 FTE CPs who are serving patients in downtown
 These CPs are working with patients referred from the
Emergency Room, Coordinated Care Center Clinic,
Cardiology Clinic (CHF patients), and the Senior Care
 15 – 20 patient encounters per FTE have been the norm
 CPs have found significant benefit in being able to spend
an extra 20 mins at the seen with their patients during 911
response to assist them in finding an ideal disposition for
 Medical Director: Brian Mahoney, MD
 Coordinator: Dave Johnson, NREMT-P
The CP Programs
Health East EMS Transportation
 This program came into existence in 2013
 Has 4 working CPs dealing with issues of
behavioral health (medication compliance),
 follow up appointments, and home assessments
 In the future these CPs will deal with assessments
for chronic medical diseases, including diabetes,
COPD, and cardiac issues.
 Medical Directors: Peter Tanghe, MD; Keith
Wesley, MD
 Coordinator: Chris Schulz MHA, NREMT-P
The CP Programs
Tri-County Health Care EMS
 This program came into existence in 2013
 Has 5 CPs providing 24/7 accessibility to health care
 They work in partnership with Wadena Public Health to
address gaps in health care determined by Wadena
County Community Health Survey and TCHC’s health
needs assessment
 The partnership ensures local stakeholders are involved
in providing a solution to the county’s health needs.
 The initiative is tied to the hospital’s readmission
program and the medical assistance readmission
The CP Programs
 The CPs do the following tasks during their home visits:
 lab draws for long term care patients and home bound patients
 Trach-tube stoma care
 Bladder scans
 Medication administration to mentally ill patients
 Medication reconciliation
 Medication Education
 12 Lead EKGs for long term care patients
 IV starts for long term care patients
 Wound care
 Home Safety assessments
 Post surgical visits (orthopedic care)
 Assist with transport of mentally ill and chemically dependent
patients to higher levels of care.
 Medical Director: John Pate, MN
 Coordinator: Allen Smith BS, NREMT-P
Over the next 50 years there will be an
increased needs to access health care in
Minnesota, the nation and the world
In an effort to address these needs the role
of EMS within our communities will change
A greater focus on primary care provided
by our EMS colleagues under the direction
of a licensed MD/DO, NP, PA will be a
major component of this initiative
Michael R. Wilcox, MD
[email protected]

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