Midterm Review Answers

Report
GRADE 7
MID-YEAR ASSESSMENT
REVIEW
Lets see what you remember from the first 3 units!
Question 1


What do
archaeologists do?
What terms are
associated with
archaeology?





They study artifacts to
understand the past
and cultures
Artifacts
Dig Site
Carbon Dating
Culture
Question 2


How did Native
Americans get to the
Americas?
Why did they come?


They crossed the Land
Bridge from Asia to
Alaska
They were probably
following food
Question 3


What was the
Neolithic Revolution?

Why was it important?

People learned to
grow food
(agriculture) and
domesticate animals
Led to the rise of
civilization (cities/
towns start)
Question 4

What was the Iroquois
Confederation?

Iroquois natives
formed an alliance
with each other
Question 5

What are examples of
how Natives (include
North and South)
adapted to their
environment?

Iroquois longhouses

Great Plains use bison

Aztec floating gardens

Inca terrace farming
Question 6

Where were the
Maya, Aztecs, and
Incas located?



Maya – Mexico/ South
America
Aztec – Mexico
Incas – South America/
Andes Mts.
Question 7

What early event/
people introduced
Europeans to Asian
goods?

Crusades

Marco Polo
Question 8

What reasons/ causes
the Europeans started
to explore for new
trade routes to Asia?




3 G’s
Better navigation tools
(maps, astrolabe, etc)
Advances in
shipbuilding and
navigation
Printing Press (books)
Question 9

What are effects of
Columbus’
“discovering” of
America?

Slavery in Americas

Diseases kill Natives

European colonies

Discovering continents
previously unknown to
Europe
Question 10


Define the Columbian
Exchange.

Give examples:


Exchange of goods/
plants/ animals/
people/ diseases
between Old World
and New World
Tobacco, potatoes,
tomatoes to Old World
Diseases/ Pigs/ Horses
to the New World
Question 11


What was the
Northwest Passage?
Who were North
American explorers?
(non Spanish)





All water route around
North America to Asia
Champlain
Cartier
Hudson
Cabot
Question 12

What is the story of
the Spanish Armada?



Catholic Spain wanted
to invade Protestant
England and
overthrow Elizabeth I
Spanish Armada was
defeated by English
Spain starts to lose
power
Question 13


What was France’s
colony in North
America called?
On what river were
most of their
settlements located?

New France

St. Lawrence River
Question 14

Define Mercantilism –
include who colonies
were/ were not
allowed to trade with.


Economic system
created to benefit the
mother country by
getting a favorable
balance of trade and
acquiring gold/ silver
Can’t trade with other
countries (only mother)
Question 15

What happened at
Roanoke?


Colony set up in
“Virginia” (NC).
Colony failed because
colonists were
unprepared (Lost
Colony)
Question 16


Where was the first
permanent English
settlement in North
America?
Why did settlers
come?


Jamestown, VA
Searching for gold
(wealth) and
adventure
Question 17

What are examples of
democracy at
Jamestown/ Virginia,
Plymouth, and New
England towns?



Jamestown/ VA –
House of Burgesses
Plymouth – Mayflower
Compact
New England towns –
Meeting House
Question 18

How were the Pilgrims
able to survive at
Plymouth?


Squanto shows them
how to plant corn in
the soil.
Example of Cultural
Exchange
Question 19


What colonies were
founded due to
religious persecution in
Europe?
What are examples of
religious Christian
religious groups who
came to the New
World?





MA, RI, CT, PA, MD
Pilgrims
Puritans
Catholics
Quakers
Question 20

What are examples of
primary sources?

Journal

Diary

Letter
Question 21

Why did the French
have a better
relationship with
Native Americans than
the British settlers did?

French settlers were
there mostly to trade
and not settle land
Question 22

What is the story/
outcome of the John
Peter Zenger trial?



Zenger criticized NY’s
governor (against the
law)
Zenger was set free
because it was all true
Establishes Freedom of
the Press
Question 23


What are the 4
sections of the British
Colonies?
Know the economic,
geographic, and social
background of each
area!

New England

Middle

Southern

Backcountry
New England



Geography: Rocky soil, long winters
Economics: Fishing, Shipbuilding, trading, small
farms
Society: Mostly English settlers, some Africans
Middle Colonies



Geography: Good soil, shorter winters
Economy: Merchants and large farms (bread
basket)
Society: Lots of different cultures
Southern Colonies

Geography: Fertile soil, long growing season

Economy: Plantations

Society: English settlers, African slaves
Backcountry

Geography: In/ Around Appalachian Mts.

Economy: Small Farms/ Fur Trade

Society: Scots-Irish Clans
Question 24

Why did each colonial
area develop
differently?

Different geographic
conditions
Question 25

What was the Albany
Plan of Union and who
created it?


Plan to join the
colonies together
Ben Franklin
Question 26


What is the story of the
French and Indian War?
Include: Who fights?
What are they fighting
over? How does it start?
Who wins? What is the
result?




British vs. French
Fought over Ohio Valley
Trade/ Land
Britain wins - gains new
lands
Proclamation of 1763
passed and England
wants colonists to help
pay the war debt
Question 27

Define Religious
Tolerance

Allowed others to
practice their own
religion
Question 28

Why were gristmills
located on a water
source?

It helped to power
them
Question 29

What were the
purposes of meeting
houses?



Local government
(make laws/ taxes)
Safety against Native
Americans
Place of worship
Question 30

What areas in the
Americas did the
Spanish colonize?

Florida

California and Texas

Mexico down to the tip
of South America (not
Brazil)
Question 31

What things caused
large amounts of
natives to die after
Europeans came to the
Americas?

Diseases

Slavery

Warfare
Question 32

Tell me about Columbus
including
Who he said for
 Names of his ships
 Where he landed
 How he treated Native
Americans





Sailed for Ferdinand and
Isabella of Spain (he was
Italian)
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
Landed in Caribbean (N.
America)
He treated they very poorly
(slavery/ murder)
Question

similar documents