Title Slide and Abstract for Marsh

A Surgical Skills Training Curriculum for PGY-1 Residents
J. Lawrence Marsh, MD*; Matthew Karam, MD; Tameem
Yehyawi, MD; Brian Westerlind, BA, Jenniefer Kho, MD, Donald
Anderson, PhD
The University of Iowa Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Training
Funded by OMeGA Medical Grants Association and
NIH/NIAMS (AR055533 and AR054015) and OTA
Research Grant and NBME Stemmler
• Chair of a ABOS Surgical Skills Taskforce (SSTF)
currently producing a parallel modular
curriculum (July 2013)
• Director of the ABOS
• Chair of the Orthopaedic Residency Review
Committee (RRC)
Orthopedic Surgery requires a high degree
of technical skill
Skills are acquired during residency and
fellowship training through an
apprenticeship model largely unchanged
for over a century.
Results of a 2011 National Orthopaedic Program
Director and Resident Survey – Karam and Marsh
JBJS 2012
– Only 50% of residency programs have a skills lab and
– There is high interest among PD’s in a skills curriculum.
– Most PD’s have little knowledge of the budget for skills
training or the cost of a skills lab
– Cost is a challenge to expansion of skills programs
Interest in a curriculum?
The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS)
and the Residency Review Committee (RRC) will
require a laboratory based surgical skills training
program beginning Academic year 2013-2014.
Requirements include:
A curriculum with goals and objectives
Assessment metrics
A dedicated space for the skills training.
Training in basic skills required of residents for emergency
care and to prepare residents for future participation in
surgical procedures.
To meet these requirements!
The Univ. of Iowa Department of Orthopaedics has:
• Developed a curriculum that considered cost and
time commitments
• Used a one month format with a dedicated space
for training
• Tried to provide a foundation for future surgical
skills development
ACS/APDS as a model
Phase I Curriculum Modules
Asepsis, instruments
Knot tying
Tissue handling, wound
Advance tissue handling,
flaps, grafts
Airway management
Chest tubes
Central lines
Surgical biopsy
Vascular anastomosis
Bone fixation, casting
Inguinal anatomy
Upper endoscopy
Basic laparoscopic skills
Advanced laparoscopic skills
Hand sewn GI anastomosis
Stapled GI anastomosis
University of Iowa Modules
University of Iowa Modules
University of Iowa staff support for this project
9 months ahead project committed by department
Met five times as a group
Worked individually on modules
Specific dates decided 3 months ahead
• 14 Faculty: J Lawrence Marsh, MD; Matthew Karam, MD;
Nicolas Noiseux, MD; Brian Wolf, MD; Ryan Ilgenfritz, MD;
Ericka Lawler, MD; Benjamin Miller, MD; Apurva Shah,
MD; John Femino, MD Phinit Phisitkul, MD; Mederic Hall,
MD; Donald Anderson, MD; Melissa Willenborg, MD; and
Sergio Mendoza, MD. These faculty members were
involved and devoted significant time in each step of the
process from module development to instruction during
the individual modules.
• 3 Support Staff: Janelle Campbell , Jessica Kozlowski,
Brian Westerlind, UIHC Radiology.
Modules (ABOS Modules)
Sterile technique and operating
room set up
Knot tying & suturing
10. K-wire techniques
11. Basic techniques in ORIF
Microsurgical suturing
12. Principles and techniques of
fracture reduction
Soft tissue handling techniques
13. External fixation
Casting and splinting
14. Basic Arthroscopy skills
15. Basics of Arthoplasty
Compartment syndrome
16. Joint injection
Bone handling techniques
17. Patient Safety
All 6
PGY 1’s
call on
no other
Additionally, there is a current parallel project
sponsored by:
• The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
With additional support from:
• American Orthopaedic Association
(AOA)/Council Of Residency Directors (CORD)
• The American Association of Orthopaedic
Surgery (AAOS)
Members of the ABOS Surgical Skills Task Force
• J. Lawrence Marsh, MD – Chair
• James E. Carpenter, MD (ABOS)
• Shepard R. Hurwitz, MD (ABOS)
• Michelle A. James, MD (ABOS)
• Joel T. Jeffries, MD (AOA/CORD)
• David F. Martin, MD (ABOS)
• Peter M. Murray, MD (ABOS)
• Bradford O. Parsons, MD
• Robert A. Pedowitz, MD, Ph.D.
Co-Chair (AAOS)
• Brian C. Toolan, MD (AAOS)
• Ann E. Van Heest, MD
• M. Daniel Wongworawat, MD
Summary and Conclusions
 Considerable time invested in the
planning and execution but faculty
members were engaged and eager to
 The greatest expense was for cadaveric
specimens. With better planning and
with different and more cost effective
simulations, this expense could be
 The video content produced should
allow residents to learn more
independently, and decrease the faculty
time commitment. Video will be
available through the parallel project
created by the ABOS/AAOS/AOA/CORD
Summary and Conclusions
 Resident satisfaction was
 Next year we will develop
better assessment metrics
and assess the relative value
of each of the modules
 This experience suggests a
dedicated month of surgical
simulation has potential to
change the paradigm of skills
training for junior residents.
For further information or questions, please contact:
J. Lawrence Marsh, MD
The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics:
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation
200 Hawkins Drive 01071 JPP • Iowa City • Iowa • 52242
[email protected]

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