Chapter 1 - Amazon Web Services

Slides for
Phil Hughes
and Ed Ferrett
Health & Safety Overview
Introduction to International Health and
Safety at Work is basically designed to:
1. cover the syllabus of the NEBOSH International General certificate in
Occupational Health and Safety and other level 3 OSH awards
2. go beyond the NEBOSH syllabus in covering occupational road risks
3. provide a good basis in OSH for students who wish to progress to the
NEBOSH Diploma or a University first or second degree
4. provide a text which more than covers the IOSH Managing Safely
syllabus or other similar awards
5. show the reader how some major OSH frameworks cover the subject
including the USA, Europe and the UK
6. give summaries of national OSH legislation from 21 countries
particularly where there are the most candidates for the IGC courses
7. help students study, revise and sit the examinations
8. provide guidance to students who carry out the practical assessment
9. provide guidance for searching the internet and supplying a range of
significant web sites
10. provide a good updated reference text for managers with OSH
responsibilities and OSH practitioners in industry and commerce
Health & Safety
overview and
link to NEBOSH
IGC syllabus
How to use this book
and what it does
How to use this book
and what it does
How to use this book
and what it does
How to use this book
and what it does
Health & Safety Foundations
After studying this chapter you should be able to:
1. Outline the scope and nature of occupational health
and safety
2. Explain briefly the moral, social and economic
reasons for maintaining and promoting good standards
of health and safety in the workplace
3. Outline the role of national governments and
international bodies in formulating a framework for
the regulation of health and safety
4. Identify the nature and key sources of health and
safety information
5. Outline the key elements of a health and safety
management system
Table 1.1
Numbers of global work-related adverse events
Table 1.2
Estimates of work related occupational
accidents and diseases for several countries in 2001
Table 1.3
Distribution of fatal occupational
Injuries and incidence rates around the world (2001)
Table 1.4
Global estimates of work-related fatalities
caused by occupational accidents and diseases for 2001
Table 1.5
Causes of global work-related fatalities
“... Prevention is paying not only in human terms but
also in better performance by businesses and national
economic strength. Together we can make sure that
decent work is safe work...”.
(Thaksin Shinawatra, former Prime Minister of Thailand)
In 2000 the costs of occupational
accidents in the EU was €55 billion
ILO in 2000: annual deaths in EU 120,000 from work
related disease & 6000 from work related accidents
Figure 1.2
Economic reasons for good
health and safety management
Figure 1.3
Insured and uninsured costs
• Absolute
• Practicable
• Reasonably practicable
Figure 1. 4
Diagramatic view of ‘reasonably practicable’
Worker rights: 1998 ILO
Declaration of Fundamental
Principles and Rights at Work
1. Freedom of Association
2. Forced labour
3. Discrimination
4. Child labour
Worker rights and responsibilities
Take reasonable care
Comply with instructions
Use safety devices
Report hazards
Report accidents or injury
to health
Figure 1.6
Typical health and safety legal framework
Figure 1.8
Good Standards
Prevent harm and save money
Relevant occupational health and safety legislation
One or more authorities responsible for occupational health and safety
Regulatory compliance mechanisms, including systems of inspection
A national advisory body to advise on occupational health and safety
* A national occupational health and safety information and advisory
* National occupational health services
* An organization for the collection and analysis of data on occupational
injuries and diseases
* Provision of relevant insurance or
social security schemes covering
occupational injuries and diseases
* Research budgets for occupational
health and safety topics
* Formal systems for the provision of
occupational health and safety
Table 1.6
Essential elements of any national
occupational health and safety management system
Figure 1.9
Key elements of HSG 65
Figure 1.10
Key elements of OHSAS 18001
Figure 1.11
Key elements of ILO-OSH 2001

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