TPACK

Report
TPACK
Diane Hannay and Mary Orr
April 2013
(Enokson, 2013-Flickr)
• T = technological
• P = pedagogical
• A = and
• C = content
• K = knowledge
(Brad Flickinger, 2012-Flickr)
Definition: A conceptual framework for the knowledge teachers
need to effectively instruct with technology.
What is TPACK?
It is the
intersection of
three educational
components.
1. Technology
2. Pedagogy
3. Content
TPACK explained
• Shulman’s 1986 theory
included CK, PK, and
PCK. (Kereliuk et al., 2011)
(Willcarr.edublogs.org, 2012)
• Mishra and Koehler
added TK component
in 2006. (Chai et al., 2011)
History
(Willcarr.edublogs.org, 2012)
Mishra and Koehler’s
2008 TPACK model
added:
• 3 circles of
knowledge
• Dotted line of
context encircling
the 3 circles
(Cox & Graham, 2009)
Mkoehler.educ.msu.edu
(Mkoehler.educ.msu.edu, 2011)
•
•
•
•
•
Curriculum and Student Learning
Student-Driven Technology
Assessment
Content Understanding
Collaborative Learning
Supporters
(Woodleywonderworks, 2010-Flickr)
•
•
•
•
Definition is complex
Lack of reliable testing
Difficult to assess
Unclear boundaries
Skeptics
(Brad Flickinger, 2012-Flickr)
•
•
•
•
•
Training
Modeling
Adaptation
Experience
Instruction
(Ronda Birtha, 2012-Flickr)
Impact
Scripture
Ethics
Whatever culture deems
valuable, God’s Word
guides us to live in
integrity.
•
•
•
•
•
•
(David Campbell, 2007-Flickr)
Copyright?
Moderation?
Safety?
Pornography?
Predators?
UNKNOWN…fears?
Biblical Integration
• Teaching and training in
Christians
righteousness (2 Timothy 3:16)
are to be
• Growing in wisdom and
faithfully
discernment (James 1:5, Proverbs
studying
2:1-15)
Scripture
• Parable of the faithful servant
(Matthew 25:14-30)
We are entrusted to use technology wisely.
Bibliography
Baran, E., Chuang, H., & Thompson, A. (2011). TPACK: An emerging research and development tool for
teacher educators. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET, 10(4), 370-377.
Chai, C. S., Koh, J. H. L., & Tsai, C. (2011). Exploring the factor structure of the constructs of technological,
pedagogical, content knowledge (TPACK). Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 20(3), 595-603.
Cox, S., & Graham, C. R., (2009). Diagramming TPACK in practice: using an elaborated model of the TPACK
framework to analyze and depict teacher knowledge. TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to
Improve Learning, 53(5), 60-69. doi: 10.1007/s11528-009-0327-1.
Graham, C. R. (2011). Theoretical considerations for understanding technological pedagogical content
knowledge (TPACK). Computers & Education, 57(3), 1953-1960. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.04.010
Harris, J. B., & Hofer, M. J. (2011). Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) in action: A
descriptive study of secondary teachers' curriculum-based, technology-related instructional planning.
Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 43(3), 211-229.
Kereluik, K., Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2011). On learning to subvert signs: Literacy, technology and the
TPACK framework. California Reader, 44(2), 12-18.
Linton, J. N. (2012). TPACK as a framework for collaborative inquiry in the learning commons. Teacher
Librarian, 39(6), 25-29.
McGrath, J., Karabas, G., & Willis, J. (2011). From TPACK concept to TPACK practice: An analysis of the
suitability and usefulness of the concept as a guide in the real world of teacher development.
International Journal of Technology in Teaching & Learning, 7(1), 1-23.
Niess, M. L. (2011). Investigating TPACK: Knowledge growth in teaching with technology. Journal of
Educational Computing Research, 44(3), 299-317. doi: 10.2190/EC.44.3.c
Wetzel, K., & Marshall, S. (2012). TPACK goes to sixth grade: Lessons from a middle school teacher in a hightechnology-access classroom. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 28(2), 73-81.

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