PPTX - Practical Farmers of Iowa

Report
Balancing Steel and Herbicides to
Reduce Resistance:
Farmer Perspective
Craig Fleishman
Cardinal Farms
Minburn, IA
Why Ridge-tillage helps accomplish……
• Soil Health
• Weed Control
• Erosion Control
Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners
The Steel Versus Herbicide Balance
in Ridge-Tillage
Craig Fleishman
50%-Herbicide/ 50%-Steel
Craig’s Goal
● Band P&K into
●
1st Cultivation
●
●
●
●
Corn-Corn
Pre-Clean
for Blacker Strips
NEBRASKA STYLE
● Lower Rainfall
● Buffalo-Till System (Developed by
Fleischer Mfg. Columbus, NE)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Buffalo Planter with Sweeps and Guards
Cultivator with Disk Hillers
Two Cultivations
No or Little Herbicide
Non-GMO or Organic Seeds
Rotary Hoe for Weed Control
Make 6” - 8” Ridges Every Year
Furrow or Pivot Irrigation
Very Adaptable to Organic, Longer Rotations
or Integrated-Crop and Livestock Systems
● Wider Rows Needed 30” - 38”
the Ridges
●
Conventional Planter
with Ridge Cleaners
Band Spray (10”)
with Planter
●
Rotary Hoe to Dry-out
Ridges; Sometimes
to break crust
Early Post●
Glyphosate/24DE
Burndown
●
1st Cultivation with
Disk Hillers and
●
Side-Dress NH3
or UAN (Corn Only)
● Corn-Corn-Soybean
Cultivation =
Rotation
Oxygen in Soil = ● Corn-Corn Pre-Clean
Mineralization =
for Blacker Strips
Synergistic Affect ● Corn-Soybean
2nd Cultivation with Strip-Cropping
Ridging Wings;
● Cover Crops
Narrow Sweeps;
in Bean Stubble
No Hillers
● Seed Down Headlands
6” - 8” Ridges
to Oats
Every 1 - 2 Years ● Maintain Grassed
Spot Spray Weed
Hay Headlands
Control for Escapes● RR-Corn and Soybeans
Fence-Row
Treated Like Non-RR
Management
● RTK Makes It Work
Better
0%
Herbicide
50%
Herbicide
100%
Herbicide
100%
Steel
50%
Steel
0%
Steel
The Balance All Depends on the Weather!
Band P&K into the Ridges
Corn and Soybean StripCropping
MINNESOTA STYLE
● Higher Rainfall
● Econ-O-Till System (Developed by
Jim Johnson Hiniker Comp. Mankato, MN)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Conventional Planter with Row-Cleaners
0 - 1 Cultivations without Disk Hillers
Broadcast Herbicide
Roundup Ready or Liberty-Link Compatible
Rotary Hoe to Dry-out Ridges
Make 3” - 4” Ridges Every 2 - 3 Years
Chemical Cultivation with Drops
Irrigation Not Needed
Need Good Drainage
Some Potholes “Return to Nature”
Narrow Rows 22” - 30”
Nebraska Style
•Lower Rain Fall
•Buffalo-till System (Developed by Fleischer Mfg. Columbus,
NE)
•Buffalo Planter with Sweeps & Guards
•Cultivator with Disk Hillers
•Two Cultivations
•No or little herbicide
•Non-GMO or Organic Seeds
•Rotary Hoe for Weed Control
•6”-8” Ridges every year
•Furrow or Pivot Irrigation
•Very Adaptable to Organic, Longer Rotations or Integrated
with Livestock
•Wider Rows Needed 30”-38”
• Higher Rain Fall
• Econ-O-Till System (Developed by Jim Johnson
Hiniker Comp Mankato, MN)
• Conventional Planter with Row-Cleaners
• 0-1 Cultivations without Disk Hillers
• Broadcast Herbicide
• Roundup Ready or Liberty-Link
• Rotary Hoe to Dry Out Ridges
• 3”-4” Ridges Every 2-3 Years
• Chemical Cultivation with Drops
• Irrigation Not Needed
• Need Good Drainage
• Some Potholes “Return to Nature”
• Narrow Rows 22”-30”
Minnesota
Style
“50/50” My Goal
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Band P&K into the Ridges
Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners
Band Spray (10”) with Planter
Rotary Hoe to Dry out Ridges; Sometimes to break crust
Early Post-Glyphosate/24DE Burndown
1st Cultivation with Disk Hillers & Side-Dress NH3 or UAN in Corn Only
Cultivation=Oxygen in Soil=Mineralization=Synergistic Affect
2nd Cultivation with Ridging Wings; Narrow Sweeps; No Hillers
6”-8” Ridges Every 1-2 Years
Spot Spray Weed Control for Escapes
Fence-row Management
Corn-Corn-Soybean Rotation
Corn-Corn Pre-Clean for Blacker Strips
Corn-Soybean Strip-Cropping
Cover Crops in Bean Stubble
Seed Down Headlands to Oats
Maintain Grassed Hay Headlands
RR-Corn & Soybeans treated like non-RR
RTK Makes It Work Better
Early Post-Glyphosate/24DE Burndown
Spot Spraying for “Weed Escapes”

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