Místní předložky autor: Robert Kočí AT, ON, IN TO, INTO UNDER, BELOW (A)ROUND, PAST IN FRONT OF, OUTSIDE BEHIND FROM, OUT OF, OFF OVER, THROUGH, ACROSS, VIA ABOVE BETWEEN, AMONG OPPOSITE UP, DOWN TOWARDS ALONG NEXT TO, BY, BESIDE, AT, NEAR EXERCISE 1 EXERCISE 2 EXERCISE 3 IN 1) v prostoru, uvnitř něčeho - in the box, in the room 2) V ohraničené oblasti – in the garden, in the world 3) země, kontinenty, města, ulice – in France, in the street 4) světové strany – in the north of Italy POZOR – in the picture (je součástí obrazu), in the sky, in the middle of (uprostřed) ON 1) na něčem vodorovně i svisle – on the table, on the wall 2) dopravní prostředky kromě osobních aut – on the bus, on the train, ale in the car 3) také - on the way home, on the second floor AT 1) zastávky, stanice, nádraží, letiště – at the bus stop 2) setkání lidí – at the party, at the concert 3) význam „u“ – at the doctor‘s 4) „na“ ale ve skutečnosti „u“ – at the traffic lights 5) spojení - at home, at school, at work 6) další spojení – at the end of …, at the top of …, apod. TO, INTO AT, ON, IN – používáme při odpovědi na otázku - KDE? TO, INTO – používáme při odpovědi na otázku KAM? TO – do, k, na SROVNEJ She is at the airport. – She is going to the airport. He is sitting in the room. – He ran into the room. TO INTO UNDER, BELOW UNDER = POD (v prostoru) The card is under the carpet. There is a cat under the chair. BELOW = POD (na ploše, na papíře, na zdi) The temperature is below ten. The switch is below the picture. (A)ROUND, PAST (A)ROUND = OKOLO, KOLEM The road goes (a)round the church. She is walking (a)round the room. (po) It‘s (a)round the corner. (za) PAST = KOLEM (něco minout) Go past the church. IN FRONT OF, OUTSIDE IN FRONT OF = PŘED There is a boy in front of the board. OUTSIDE – VENKU, PŘED He waited for her outside the house. BEHIND BEHIND = ZA There is a girl behind the desk. FROM, OUT OF, OFF FROM = Z, OD She is from England. Some Czech words come from German. OUT OF = (VEN) Z He took a book out of the box. Look out of the window. Five out of ten. OFF = Z (POVRCHU DOLŮ) She fell off the bike. Take your feet off the table. OVER, THROUGH, ACROSS, VIA OVER = PŘES (NAD) Planes fly over our village. THROUGH = PŘES, SKRZ The road goes through the village. ACROSS = PŘES (NAPŘÍČ) The dog swam across the river. VIA = PŘES (při cestování – přes města, stanice, apod.) We flew from Prague to Chicago via Frankfurt. ABOVE ABOVE = NAD There is a clock above the bed. BETWEEN, AMONG BETWEEN = MEZI (dvěma) There is a motorbike between the cars. I usually get up between 6 and 7 am. AMONG = MEZI (více nebo součást skupiny) She will have to choose among Joe, Gary and Tom. OPPOSITE OPPOSITE = NAPROTI There is a tent opposite the cottage. UP, DOWN UP = NAHORU PO, NA Tom ran up the hill. DOWN = DOLŮ PO, Z John is climbing down the tree. TOWARDS TOWARDS = SMĚREM K She went towards the window. ALONG ALONG = PODÉL, PO She walked along the street. There are a lot of trees along the wall. NEXT TO, BY, BESIDE, NEAR NEXT TO = VEDLE Who sits next to you at school? BESIDE = VEDLE, U She walked beside him. BY = VEDLE, U Our house is by the river. NEAR = VEDLE, U, BLÍZKO Is there a bus stop near here? 1) There is a bridge the river. 1) There is a bridge OVER the river. 2) The dog is sleeping the kennel. 2) The dog is sleeping IN the kennel. 3) There is a mirror the washbasin. 3) There is a mirror ABOVE the washbasin. 4) There is a plate the fork and the knife. 4) There is a plate BETWEEN the fork and the knife. 4) The children are looking the window. 4) The children are looking OUT OF the window. 5) There are some clouds the sky. 5) There are some clouds IN the sky. 6) He ran the road. 6) He ran ACROSS the road. 7) There are many beautiful stars the sky. 7) There are many beautiful stars IN the sky. 7) A bird flew into the room the window. 7) A bird flew into the room THROUGH the window. 8) He is driving the new road. 8) He is driving ALONG the new road. 1) He has gone Moscow. 1) He has gone TO Moscow. 2) He flew from Germany to Spain France. 2) He flew from Germany to Spain VIA France. 3) Lucy is standing the map. 3) Lucy is standing IN FRONT OF the map. 4) He jumped the water. 4) He jumped INTO the water. 5) She is hiding her umbrella. 5) She is hiding UNDER her umbrella. 6) The scarecrow is standing the field. 6) The scarecrow is standing IN the field. 7) He was driving the square all day long. 7) He was driving (A)ROUND the square all day long. 8) The criminal is waiting for you the corner. 8) The criminal is waiting for you (A)ROUND the corner. 1) She is sitting the picture. 1) She is sitting OPPOSITE the picture. 2) She is lying the floor and reading. 2) She is lying ON the floor and reading. 3) There were a lot of men the ship. 3) There were a lot of men ON the ship. 4) Go the house and you are there. 4) Go PAST the house and you are there. 5) There is a car the garage. 5) There is a car OUTSIDE the garage. 6) There is a helmet the balls. 6) There is a helmet AMONG the balls. 7) Eve is standing Joe. 7) Eve is standing BESIDE, BY, NEXT TO Joe. 8) They are skiing the hill. 8) They are skiing DOWN the hill.