Místní p*edlo*ky

Report
Místní předložky
autor: Robert Kočí
AT, ON, IN
TO, INTO
UNDER, BELOW
(A)ROUND, PAST
IN FRONT OF, OUTSIDE
BEHIND
FROM, OUT OF, OFF
OVER, THROUGH, ACROSS,
VIA
ABOVE
BETWEEN, AMONG
OPPOSITE
UP, DOWN
TOWARDS
ALONG
NEXT TO, BY, BESIDE, AT,
NEAR
EXERCISE 1
EXERCISE 2
EXERCISE 3
IN
1) v prostoru, uvnitř něčeho - in the box, in the room
2) V ohraničené oblasti – in the garden, in the world
3) země, kontinenty, města, ulice – in France, in the street
4) světové strany – in the north of Italy
POZOR – in the picture (je součástí obrazu), in the sky, in the middle of
(uprostřed)
ON
1) na něčem vodorovně i svisle – on the table, on the wall
2) dopravní prostředky kromě osobních aut – on the bus, on the train,
ale in the car
3) také - on the way home, on the second floor
AT
1) zastávky, stanice, nádraží, letiště – at the bus stop
2) setkání lidí – at the party, at the concert
3) význam „u“ – at the doctor‘s
4) „na“ ale ve skutečnosti „u“ – at the traffic lights
5) spojení - at home, at school, at work
6) další spojení – at the end of …, at the top of …, apod.
TO, INTO
AT, ON, IN – používáme při odpovědi na otázku - KDE?
TO, INTO – používáme při odpovědi na otázku KAM?
TO – do, k, na
SROVNEJ
She is at the airport. – She is going to the airport.
He is sitting in the room. – He ran into the room.
TO
INTO
UNDER, BELOW
UNDER = POD (v prostoru)
The card is under the carpet.
There is a cat under the chair.
BELOW = POD (na ploše, na papíře, na zdi)
The temperature is below ten.
The switch is below the picture.
(A)ROUND, PAST
(A)ROUND = OKOLO, KOLEM
The road goes (a)round the church.
She is walking (a)round the room. (po)
It‘s (a)round the corner. (za)
PAST = KOLEM (něco minout)
Go past the church.
IN FRONT OF, OUTSIDE
IN FRONT OF = PŘED
There is a boy in front of the board.
OUTSIDE – VENKU, PŘED
He waited for her outside the house.
BEHIND
BEHIND = ZA
There is a girl behind the desk.
FROM, OUT OF, OFF
FROM = Z, OD
She is from England.
Some Czech words come from German.
OUT OF = (VEN) Z
He took a book out of the box.
Look out of the window.
Five out of ten.
OFF = Z (POVRCHU DOLŮ)
She fell off the bike.
Take your feet off the table.
OVER, THROUGH, ACROSS, VIA
OVER = PŘES (NAD)
Planes fly over our village.
THROUGH = PŘES, SKRZ
The road goes through the village.
ACROSS = PŘES (NAPŘÍČ)
The dog swam across the river.
VIA = PŘES (při cestování – přes města, stanice, apod.)
We flew from Prague to Chicago via Frankfurt.
ABOVE
ABOVE = NAD
There is a clock above the bed.
BETWEEN, AMONG
BETWEEN = MEZI (dvěma)
There is a motorbike between the cars.
I usually get up between 6 and 7 am.
AMONG = MEZI (více nebo součást skupiny)
She will have to choose among Joe, Gary and Tom.
OPPOSITE
OPPOSITE = NAPROTI
There is a tent opposite the cottage.
UP, DOWN
UP = NAHORU PO, NA
Tom ran up the hill.
DOWN = DOLŮ PO, Z
John is climbing down the tree.
TOWARDS
TOWARDS = SMĚREM K
She went towards the window.
ALONG
ALONG = PODÉL, PO
She walked along the street.
There are a lot of trees along the wall.
NEXT TO, BY, BESIDE, NEAR
NEXT TO = VEDLE
Who sits next to you at school?
BESIDE = VEDLE, U
She walked beside him.
BY = VEDLE, U
Our house is by the river.
NEAR = VEDLE, U, BLÍZKO
Is there a bus stop near here?
1) There is a bridge
the river.
1) There is a bridge
OVER
the river.
2) The dog is sleeping
the kennel.
2) The dog is sleeping
IN
the kennel.
3) There is a mirror
the washbasin.
3) There is a mirror
ABOVE
the washbasin.
4) There is a plate
the fork and the knife.
4) There is a plate
BETWEEN
the fork and the knife.
4) The children are looking
the window.
4) The children are looking
OUT OF
the window.
5) There are some clouds
the sky.
5) There are some clouds
IN
the sky.
6) He ran
the road.
6) He ran ACROSS
the road.
7) There are many beautiful stars
the sky.
7) There are many beautiful stars
IN
the sky.
7) A bird flew into the room
the window.
7) A bird flew into the room
THROUGH
the window.
8) He is driving
the new road.
8) He is driving
ALONG
the new road.
1) He has gone
Moscow.
1) He has gone
TO
Moscow.
2) He flew from Germany to Spain
France.
2) He flew from Germany to Spain
VIA
France.
3) Lucy is standing
the map.
3) Lucy is standing
IN FRONT OF
the map.
4) He jumped
the water.
4) He jumped
INTO
the water.
5) She is hiding
her umbrella.
5) She is hiding
UNDER
her umbrella.
6) The scarecrow is standing
the field.
6) The scarecrow is standing
IN
the field.
7) He was driving
the square all day long.
7) He was driving
(A)ROUND
the square all day long.
8) The criminal is waiting for you
the corner.
8) The criminal is waiting for you
(A)ROUND
the corner.
1) She is sitting
the picture.
1) She is sitting
OPPOSITE
the picture.
2) She is lying
the floor and reading.
2) She is lying
ON
the floor and reading.
3) There were a lot of men
the ship.
3) There were a lot of men
ON
the ship.
4) Go
the house and you are there.
4) Go
PAST
the house and you are there.
5) There is a car
the garage.
5) There is a car OUTSIDE the garage.
6) There is a helmet
the balls.
6) There is a helmet AMONG the balls.
7) Eve is standing
Joe.
7) Eve is standing
BESIDE, BY,
NEXT TO
Joe.
8) They are skiing
the hill.
8) They are skiing
DOWN
the hill.

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