Created By: Ayesha G. Jada R. Na’Shon D. Idriana R. Loren L. WHO: Africans & Europeans. WHAT: slave trade. WHEN: the 15th-19th centuries WHERE: Oyo empire in Nigeria, Nupe, Igala, and Benin in the lower Niger Valley, the Hausa states of northern Nigeria, the Kongo in Central Africa; trade routes from Africa to the Atlantic coast in these places: Sao Tome Island, Luanda, Benguela, St. Louis, Cape Coast, Emina, Elmina, & Bonny. WHY: Slaves represented the main form of wealth. The slaves were a source of labor and increasing wealth either of the state its self or private traders. HOW: When states were captured they enslaved their people.g HOW DO WE KNOW? Key points that analyze the structure of a plantation economy: -Rely on Slave Labor -Organized as an early large scale capitalist enterprise -Slave owners held “fuedal” legal rights over workers -A plantation economy supplied crop for export and often did not grow its own food, it was completely reliant on international trade for profits and for necessities -Political control over the system lay on another continent in another kind of society. Trans- Atlantic slave trade- slave trade carried Africa some 10 million people from to the western hemisphere to work as slaves, generally on sugar, tobacco and cotton plantations. Roman Slavery- used slaves for farming and mining (labor first); fought wars and when they won, they captured the people and enslaved them. European Serfdom- people were not married to specific owners; they had specific land to work at, and were not able to move up economically, socially, or geographically, they remained the same. Spanish encomienda- the Spanish moved into South America, and the crown gave permission to collect taxes from the Indians, but they had no money so the Spanish forced them to work, pay “taxes” and thousands of Indians died. Plantation- a usually large or estate, esp. in a tropical or semitropical country, an which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers. Plantation owners work slaves to death and replace them with new incoming slaves; rather than taking good care of them and sustaining life. Self-efficient farm- able to supply one’s own or it’s own needs without external assistance. He or she receiving the profit will be doing the work. In self-efficient farms the farmer does not hire laborers because they will have to pay them.