Principles and Elements of Floral Design TEKS c (2) (D) Prepare Corsages and Boutonnieres: Mechanics of Taping Flowers • Discover the purpose of wiring and taping flowers. • Determine the process of wiring and taping flowers. • Differentiate between the piercing and hair pinning wiring methods. • The purpose of wiring and taping a component is to replace the stem with an artificial one of wire and tape. • This new “stem” can be manipulated, bent, and bound with others like it. • The real stem is cut off leaving ½ to ¾ of an inch below the calyx. • Leaving more of the stem adds bulk & resistance to the newly attached wire. • The real stem and wire are taped to become one unit. • Two types of wiring: Piercing and Hair pinning. • Both methods utilize floral wire. • Most flowers should be wired with a 26 gauge wire or less– make sure the floral wire is strong enough to support the material. • The piercing method is used for single flower heads and broad leaves. • Pierce the calyx horizontally and completely through just below the petals. • Pierce a leaf approximately 1/3 of the distance from the stem. • Fold both ends of the wire down to form a new stem. • Named for the shape of a bobby pin • Used for branching foliage or flowers that have lateral branches coming off the main stem. • Place the wire 1/3 of the way up the stem and crossed over the main mid rib of the leaf and secured in the junction of a lateral branch coming off the main stem. • Holds the calyx, stem, and wire together. • Floral tape comes in ½” or ¾” widths and has a unique sticky property. • Floral tape only sticks to itself when it is pulled and stretched. • Tape should be applied sparingly but with enough overlap to stick to itself and hold. • Roll and squeeze the wire covered in tape between your thumb and index finger to make a clean, smooth “stem”. • Practice proper taping techniques by taping a artificial flower to a pen. • Materials needed: • Pen • Floral Tape • Scissors • Artificial flower Cotton-tails.com • What is the purpose of wiring and taping flowers? • How long do you leave the real stem? • What are the two wiring methods? • What makes floral tape sticky? • Discovered the purpose of wiring and taping flowers. • Determined the process of wiring and taping flowers. • Differentiated between the piercing and hair pinning wiring methods.