L.O To learn how to use quotes effectively in text response

What do you already know?
Make a list of everything you know about how to
use quotes in essays.
What is the purpose of Quotes?
To support your argument
To show knowledge of the text
To give you something solid/concrete to
When do you use the following?
“ “
[ ]
“ “ Quotation marks show that something is taken
directly from the text.
… ellipsis – something is missing (Greek – to leave
[ ] – you have changed something about the
sentence to make it flow into your sentence
, This is a comma  Use these when you are
embedding a quote in your sentence.
Paraphrasing V Quotes
Paraphrasing – when you refer to an example in
the text without quoting it directly.
You do this when…
 You
can’t remember the quote directly
 When you need to refer to a large section of the text
 When the text hasn’t dealt with the idea in a succinct
way, it might be spread out across the text.
And we always get back to the
Think about quote being the
meat that is squished
between two buns.
A rule that might help you
• Put quote into context
• Explain how this relates to
your argument
Modify recipe: 3 ways to integrate
Begin with explanation: Danforth pushes Proctor to speak out
against his friends, in order to show truth in his confession, but he
declares that he will only “… speak [his] own sins,” and that he
“…cannot judge another [for he has] no tongue for it.”
Begin with quote: 3. “I speak my own sins I cannot judge another I
have no tongue for it,” Proctor declares to Danforth when he insists
that he must name others, in order for his confession to be
accepted by the court. He makes it clear that he will not pass
judgement on others, as he does not see himself in a position to.
Quote is inserted in the middle: Proctor states, “I speak my own
sins I cannot judge another I have no tongue for it,” this
demonstrates that Danforth has pushed Proctor too far when he
insists he must name others for his confession to be accepted by the
Useful phrases…
arifies/proves/ conveys/ displays/illustrates.
There is evidence of this when…
[character] declares/states/proclaims/demands/
pleads for
Myths and Facts
Quotes = high grades
It’s always better to quote
than paraphrase
You just need quotes, it
doesn't matter where they
The quote speaks for itself
One piece of evidence per
paragraph is enough
Using the wrong quote can be
worse than using no quote at all
as it can undermine your argument
General rule, if it’s something you
can say more succinctly, or if your
quote is going to be really long paraphrase
Quotes that are ‘floating’ impact
on the fluency of your writing.
They must be integrated.
You need to analyse the quote,
unpack it, what is it saying?
In year 8 it is, not anymore
When do you use quotes?
Generally it’s the E (Evidence) in your body
It is okay, but less common, to use in your
introduction or conclusion.
 This
could be an interesting way to start addressing the
 There might be a quote that you could use at the end of
your essay that really ‘sums up’ the point of your whole
Okay, lets have a go. How well can
you apply this?
Use your own quotes/topic sentence
 OR
Topic Sentence: The structure of the theocracy does
not allow for truth and justice.
Possible quotes:
 “A
person is either with this court or he must be against
it, there be no road between…this is a sharp precise
time…we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when
evil mixed itself with good and befuddled the world.”
 “Who weeps for these, weeps for corruption.”
 “But witchcraft is ipso facto, on it’s face and by it’s
nature, an invisible crime, is it not?”

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