SWOT Analysis of South

Report
SWOT ANALYSIS
South- Estonia region
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Martin Kikas
Tartu Regional Energy Agency
13. of September 2011
South of Estonia
Territory of
6 counties
90 municipalities
13 towns, 77 rural
municipalities
Area:
15 533 sq.km
Number of inhabitants
338 836 in
County
Jõgeva County
Põlva County
Tartu County
… including City of
Tartu
Valga County
Viljandi County
Võru County
Total in Region
area
1000
ha
260,4
216,5
308,9
204,7
358,9
230,5
1579,
9
share of forest
forest area
land
share of
agricultural
land
1000 ha
126,9
115,7
117,1
%
48,7
53,5
37,9
%
36,3
34,9
38,5
119,8
171,9
108,9
58,5
47,9
47,2
29,2
29,8
39
760,3
48%
34,5%
1 475 651
MWh; 21%
3 425 567
MWh; 48%
heat
fuel for
transport
power
2 180 076
MWh; 31%
ELECTRICIT
Y 19%
COAL
0%
PEAT,
4%
Peat
0%
FIREWOOD
12%
WOODCHIP
S & WASTE
19%
GASOLINE
12%
DIESEL 19%
LIGHT OILSHALE
OIL
OIL
2%
3%
NGAS
10%
Production of power energy in Region of Tartu
(2009)
Kütus
MWh
%
Hydro
1 022,7
0,8 %
Nat. Gas
15 255,3
12,6 %
Peat, wood
105 000,0
86,6 %
TOTAL
121 278,0
100 %
TOTAL production of electricity ca 9% of own
consumption
Backround information
Estonia national targets of Share of
Renewable Energy Sources
Directive 2009/28/EC promotion of use energy from renewable
sources
Reference year 2005
18 %
Target year 2020
25%
863 ktoe
Compose national Renewable Energy Acton Plan
Regulations in Estonia
National Laws related with energy
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Sustainable Development Act
Electricity Act
Natural Gas Act
District Heating Act
LiquideFuel Act
Energy efficency of equipment Act
Construction (Building) Act
Regulations in Estonia- National development documents
Sustainable
Development Act
Energy Development
Plan 2020
Estonian
Electricity
Development Plan
2018
Developement Plan of
Oilshale 2008-2015
Energy efficency
programm 2007-2013
Development Plan to
use of Biomas and
bioenergy
2007-2013
Renewable Energy
Acton Plan 2020
Energy action plans / strategies in region
Energy action plans/ strategies have 18 municipalities of 90
Three of six counties have or composing energy startegies or
plans
Põlva County – Study of renewable resources (2006)
Võru County - Energy Startegy ( started 2011)
Tartu County - Enegy Strategy ( plan 2012)
Energy action plans / strategies in region
One “regional” energy strategy:
4 municipalities from two counties ( 2 from Võru county and 2 from
Põlva county)
“Setomaa Common strategy for wider using of local renewable
resources”
Why we need strategy?
Eneregy startegy is (one possible) way or tool
to improve welfare and sustainability of
Community
CASH FLOW (MONEY)
Consumption
distribution
Converting to
energy
Converting
to fuels
Resource
Typical Energy chains
ENERGY FLOW
Who gets profit in energy ?
Money goes from consumers to …
… supplier/ owner of resources and fuels,
… supplier of energy (owner of energy production
units)
… owner distribution network
Goal for community: get as much as possible
bigger share (control) of this three units in
energychain
SWOT analysis - STRENGHTS
Availability of resources
Well developed technology
Possibility to involve private forestowners
Possibility to make money
Lot of experiences to process forest and wood
Relatively cheap material (resource)
Possibility to use residues and waste
Independence
Create local jobs
Wider use of coppice( brush)lands
Wood and forest processing will help rural areas
SWOT analysis - WEAKNESSES
Lot of workforce for collecting/ processing of material
Lot of workforce for burning
Usage of fossil fuels for peak demands
Awareness of forestmanagemnt is low
Rising costs
Higher cost compare with peat
Renovation of energyplants from others fuels to wood is expensive
Lack of resources
Dificult to get and transport wood from forest/some cases/
Burning technologies are not enough efficient
Technology development is expensive
SWOT analysis - OPPORTUNITIES
Possibility to use wood in many types of fuels (firewood,
pellets, chips etc)
Boilers are available for wide range of power
Good for small central heating systems
Resource available from private sector
More scientific Works on forestmanagement
Using better sort of wood for our climate
SWOT analysis - THREATS
Security of supply, small producers cant quarrantee of supply
Raising demand of wood in others sectors and in neibourhood
countries
Using wooden fuel is more complicated compared to other
fuels
Market influences, raising price for wood
Inflammable / risk for fire
Lack of modrenization of technology
SWOT analysis- input for strategy
Focus to issues what you can changes
a. Use your STRENGHTS
b. Improve your WEAKNESSES
SWOT analysis- input for strategy
1. Maximal and rational use of local
resources (wood and forest) in local
energy production
2. New technologies
3. Get as much as possible bigger share of
energy value chain to the local community.
Type of fuel
Coal €/t
2009
63,98
amount
2
unit
th,t
cost
127 951
Peat €/t
32,40
104
th,t
Peat briquette, €/t
97,34
2
th,t
Firewood € /tm
21,79
443
th,tm
Woodchips, €/m³
12,40
330
th,tm
Wastewood, €/m³
Nat. Gas, €/tuhat m³
Oilshale €t
Light oil, €/t
Diesel, €/t
Gasolin €/t
8,12
248,94
251,24
441,95
755,82
966,28
330
71
22
11
112
66
th,tm
milj.m3
th,t
th,t
th,t
th,t
3 369 934
194 675
9 654 684
4 091 624
2 678 537
Electricity, €/MWh
59,44
1351669
MWh
TOTAL
17 674 447
5 527 207
4 861 440
84 651 746
63 774 494
80 340 272
276 947 011
Thank You for attention !
Martin Kikas
Tartu Regional Energy Agency

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