GOVCH12011PP

Report
Magruder’s AMERICAN GOVERNMENT (2006)
Unit 1“Foundations of American Government”
Chapter 1“Principles of Government?”(pp. 2)
Section 1 “Government and the State”
(pp. 4-10) PREVIEW OBJECTIVES (pp. 4)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Define : _________________________________________
Describe : _______________________________________
Identify : ________________________________________
Understand : _____________________________________
WHY IT MATTERS
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
POLITICAL DICTIONARY
•Government ______________________________________________
•Public policy - _____________________________________________
•Legislative power __________________________________________
•Executive power ___________________________________________
•Judicial power _____________________________________________
•Constitution _______________________________________________
•Dictatorship _______________________________________________
•Democracy ________________________________________________
•State _____________________________________________________
•Sovereign _________________________________________________
American Government Chapter 1, Section 1
Quick Write:
For ½ page answer:
“Is Most of Mankind basically Good or Evil?”
Quick Write - For ½ page answer:
“Is Government Needed to Mediate
Peoples’ Natural Instinct of Survival?”
Major Political Ideas: (pp. 7)
•The Force Theory ____________________________
____________________________________________
•The Evolutionary Theory ______________________
____________________________________________
•The Divine Right Theory ______________________
____________________________________________
•The Social Contract Theory Thomas Hobbes - _____
____________________________________________
Purpose of Government (pp. 8)
Copy, in your handwriting:
“Preamble to the Constitution”
“ We the People of the United States, in Order
to 1. form a more perfect Union, 2. establish
Justice, 3. insure domestic Tranquility, 4. provide
for the common defence, 5. promote the
general Welfare, and 6. secure the Blessings of
Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain
and establish this Constitution for the United
States of America.”
Highlight in your copy of the Preamble and Define
the phrases (Purple Subheadings pgs. 9 & 10):
1. Form a More Perfect Union: _______________________
_______________________________________________
2. Establish Justice: ________________________________
_______________________________________________
3. Insure Domestic Tranquility: _______________________
_______________________________________________
4. Provide for the Common Defense: __________________
_______________________________________________
5. Promote the General Welfare: _____________________
_______________________________________________
6. Secure the Blessings of Liberty: ____________________
_______________________________________________
Section 2 “Forms of Government” (pp. 12-16)
PREVIEW (pp. 12) OBJECTIVES
1. Classify governments according to three sets of characteristics:
1).________________________________________________
2).________________________________________________
3). _______________________________________________
2. Define systems of government based on who can participate.
1). Democracy (pp. 12 – 13) supreme political authority rests
___________ _______. The people hold the ____________ power, and
the government is conducted only by and with the ____________of the
people.
2). Dictatorship _____________________________________
3. Identify different ways that power can be distributed, geographically,
within a state (pp. 14).
1). Unitary Government ______________________________
2). A Federal Government____________________________. There is a
division of powers…
3). Confederation ___________________________________________
4. Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches
____________________________________________________________
1). Presidential _______________________________________________
2). Parliamentary _____________________________________________
Section 3 “Basic Concepts of Democracy” (pp. 18-22)
SECTION PREVIEW (pp. 18) OBJECTIVES:
Understand – the foundations of democracy. The American concept of
democracy rests on these notions: Copy (1) through (5) second column
(pp.18).
1).
2).
3).
4).
5).
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
Analyze – the connections between democracy and the free enterprise
system.
Democracy and the Free Enterprise System (pp. 21). The free enterprise
system is characterized by ______________________________________
____________________________________________________________
Free Enterprise System
The free enterprise system is based on four fundamentals factors:
1.)_____________________________________________________________
2.)_____________________________________________________________
3.)_____________________________________________________________
4.)_____________________________________________________________
The law of supply and demand states ________________________________
A mixed economy is _____________________________________________
Identify the role of the Internet in a democracy. (pp. 22). ________________
____________________________________________________________

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