Antebellum, Civil War, & Reconstruction Is it true that the “Missouri Compromise” can be explained and summarized by stating that it maintained a balance of power between slave and free states? How can the “Missouri Compromise” (1820) be explained and summarized? What was NOT an underlying cause of the Civil War? Which statement does NOT describe an advantage of the Union forces during the Civil War? Which American document led to the freedom of over four million slaves in the United States? Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah? Characteristics of the Antebellum South 1. Primarily agrarian. 2. Economic power shifted from the “upper South” to the “lower South.” 3. “Cotton Is King!” * 1860 5 mil. bales a yr. (57% of total US exports). 4. Very slow development of industrialization. 5. Rudimentary financial system. 6. Inadequate transportation system. Southern Society (1850) 6,000,000 “Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] Black Freemen 250,000 Black Slaves 3,200,000 Total US Population 23,000,000 [9,250,000 in the South = 40%] Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860 Slave Auction: Charleston, SC-1856 Does the statement below explain how the Dred Scott decision pushed the nation closer to war? “The Supreme Court ruled that slave owners had to be reimbursed (repaid) for slaves who escaped on the underground railroad.” According to the terms of the Compromise of 1850, California was allowed to enter the Union as a free state with no slavery. What was the purpose of the Fugitive Slave Law? What was unique about the presidential election of 1860? Which Georgian held a position of leadership in the Confederate States of America? Was Representation In the U.S. House of Representatives an underlying cause of the Civil War? What were some underlying causes of the Civil War? As a result of the Compromise of 1850, congress passed a law allowing fugitive slaves to be returned to their owners. Did this law benefit the North? What were some ways in which the North benefitted from the Compromise of 1850? Which statement BEST summarizes the information on the graph? According to the table, which candidate received the smallest number of votes in Georgia? Candidate John Bell John Breckinridge Stephen A. Douglas Abraham Lincoln TOTALS The Election of 1860 Georgia Vote Popular U.S. Vote 42,960 592,906 52,176 858,356 Electoral Vote 39 72 11,581 1,382,713 12 0 106,717 1,865,593 4,689,568 180 303 Which statement describes the South’s position on states’ rights? In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, ________________________ was used to decide the slavery issue. What was the “Georgia Platform” supported by Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens and Howell Cobb? Which event led to a special legislative session in Georgia to consider seceding from the Union? Where were the two major campaigns fought in Georgia during the Civil War? The “March to the Sea,” which devastated much of Georgia on a path from Atlanta to Savannah, was led by which Union commander? Which American document led to the freedom of over four million slaves in the United States? Click here to read full version Where was General Sherman’s final destination in his March to the Sea? Fort McAllister After the Civil War, what happened to the commander of the Andersonville Prison? Which one day Civil War battle was the bloodiest in U.S. History? Overall, which Union tactic caused the most damage to the South’s economy during the Civil War? Which Civil War battle was a Confederate victory in northwest GA, but was not followed up by the CSA’s commanding officer, Gen. Braxton Bragg? Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah? What did the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do? Why did the South absolutely have to keep its ports open and operational during the Civil War? Which major battle resulted in the most casualties on both sides and is widely considered a major turning point of the Civil War? What was the purpose of the blockade shown in the map? Was a larger population a Confederate advantage in the war? Which of the following were confederate advantages in the War Between the States? Greater number of factories? Larger population? Defending their homeland? More miles of railroad track? What did the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do? Which statement BEST describes the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau during Reconstruction? Would a supporter of President Lincoln's plans for Reconstruction have agreed with these statements? All southern plantations should be divided among former slaves. It is important that the South be punished economically and politically for starting the Civil War. All Confederate officers should be tried for war crimes. It is important that the North support policies that help the South recover as quickly as possible. What did the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do? Who most likely would have supported a plan for Reconstruction that included harsh demands on ex-Confederates in the South? How can the difference between sharecropping and tenant farming be best described? The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed in response to what? Why did northern businessmen invest money to build Georgia’s textile industry after the Civil War? Which political party of the 1860s was associated with the political and military Reconstruction phases of Georgia’s readmission to the Union? Why were Henry McNeal Turner and the other black legislators were expelled from the Georgia house and senate after their elections in 1868? What was the purpose of the Fugitive Slave Law? Which Georgians held positions of leadership in the Confederate States of America? What was NOT an underlying cause of the Civil War? Which statement does NOT describe an advantage of the Union forces during the Civil War? A) The North had a “standing,” or established, army and navy. B) The North had heavy railroad tracks and more miles of track. C) The North had many more factories that could produce war materials. D) The North had home-field advantage because most battles were fought in their states. What were the two major campaigns fought in Georgia during the Civil War?