Social Exchange Theory- power point - Ms

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By: Simone, Joshua, Claire, Alexa
 The
social exchange theory is a
psychological theory that attempts to
explain the social factors that influence
how individuals interact within
relationships.
 Direct application of the family unit
 Based on economic aspects (net profit)
 Rewards benefit
 The qualities of the other person in the
relationship. (What a person brings to the
relationship) positive and negative. (sense
of humour, intelligence, honour, athletic
identity.)
 The outcome of the interaction between the
two people in the relationship
 The sense of sharing or degree of support
received from the other
 They
are specialists that study the social
exchange theory
 Explain that individuals are constrained
by role expectations, each works within
that role to provide the most beneficial
outcome for both partners
 It
is a psychological theory
 Has roots in economics and sociology
 Originally formed to explain individuals
decisions in economic activities
 . Once
a relationship has been evaluated by
the criteria, it is then considered with the
respect to a person’s expectations or
satisfaction from the relationship.
Expectations may be derived from the level
of expectations that prevails in society.
 In rural communities this will be higher
because of the traditions of neighbourliness
where as in a large community there is less
interaction between neighbours.
 Skolnick
and Skolnick (1977) have stated
that ‘family violence seems to be a product
of psychological tensions and external
stresses affecting all families at all social
levels.’
 A person who grew up in an ethnic
community where everyone hugged/kissed
would have different expectations of how a
affection is shown from a house where the
family background demonstrates low
affection.
 General
social exchange theories have
been applied to five topics that focus on
sexuality within a relational context: (a)
partner selection, (b) onset of sexual
activity, (c) sexual satisfaction, (d) sexual
initiation and refusal, and (e) sexual
behaviour.
 The
role of women in a family has
changed over the past hundred years, but
despite the changing of the role of
women in the family, women still maintain
that role of primary responsibility for the
care of children and household.
 This responsibility for the home and
child will most likely remain maintained
regardless of whether the working
woman is married or single.
 Deviant
behaviour in teens can be
directly linked to the use of drugs such as
: alcohol or marijuana.
 Many researches have shown that the
legalization of marijuana would increase
the percentage of deviant behaviour in
teens.
 The use of drugs increases risk-taking
behaviour in adolescents.
 http://www.jstor.org/pss/2094592
 http://www.lotsofessays.com/viewpaper
/1709279.html
 http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/con
tent~db=all~content=a918493341
 http://changingminds.org/explanations/t
heories/social_exchange.htm

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