Exam Security and Cheating Prevention: A Guide for Invigilators January 2011 Danielle C. Istl, LL.M. Academic Integrity Officer www.uwindsor.ca/aio Overview Your role Cheating on tests Senate Policy E3 Examinations – before, during, and after Challenges you may face When an offence has occurred FAQ / Q & A When proctoring exams you are . . . in a position of trust a role model upon whom others rely privy to confidential information in a position of responsibility Cheating on Tests* How to do it How to detect it How to prevent it * Gregory J. Cizek, 1999. (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers) Some cheating methods “Taylor’s Troubles” (Tarling, 1985, cited in Cizek) Forbidden materials: notes, phones, etc. Copying “formation” Bathroom breaks Circumventing the testing process Tampering after the fact Leaving paper(s) behind Not turning in the test Impersonation Info from previous test taker Access to exam / text bank / manual in advance Prevention Key: diligent invigilation Armstrong & Miller: Exam Hall Sketch 1 Exam security before writing Exams should not be saved on computers in your office: only at home or on the Univ. J Drive. Encrypt exams. Exams should not be kept in your office at any time. Ideally, make-up exams should not be the same. Verify medical notes where a student is seeking a make-up exam. Have students sign a confidentiality or honesty statement. Senate Policy E3: the finer points Setting up the room Admitting students While the exam is in progress (challenges) Student conduct during the exam Emergency procedures Ending the exam Appendix A: Guidelines to Control Cheating Setting up the room Arrive 15 minutes early. Initial blank answer books (ideally). Set out exam papers and answer books. Why this may be problematic Preferable if have numbers or names already on the exams Admitting students 5 minutes before exam begins Or earlier if time needed to verify authorized materials Check ID upon entry If no UW picture ID, no admission Cannot leave room without permission 30 minute rule Can’t leave in first 30 minutes Can’t enter after first 30 minutes Challenges You May Face Meet Ted, a new proctor Ted’s First Dilemma THE TENSE TEST TAKER The Scene: Erie Hall The Time: Midterms in October Ce teste est difficile! I’ll ask that proctor who knows a bunch of languages to give me this answer. Il est vraiment intelligent . . . et il aime aider les etudiants. What has Ted done wrong? A. He failed to help the struggling student. B. He approached the student during the exam. C. He spoke to the student in French. D. He ate french fries. E. Nothing. (Ted is a good guy!!) Fine!! Je vais trouver quelqu’un d’autre pour m’aider, you loser! RRRRRRRRR !!!!!! What should Ted do now? A. Call the Dean immediately! B. Nothing, because it’s between the student and the other proctor. C. Check the student’s test for signs of assistance. D. Talk to the professor. While the exam is in progress Examination books (para. 1.3.1) Signature list / ID cards (1.3.2) Role of invigilator (1.3.3) Actively assist Checking ID / having students sign in Circulating around the room Devote complete attention to the task Ensure students’ needs are promptly met Find out what professor wants re assisting students with substantive questions Student conduct during the exam Present Uwin ID Abide by any special instructions (e.g., seating) No receiving / giving assistance No removing staples All communication in language of instruction No unauthorized aids Professor/proctors need to be explicit Student conduct contd. All electronic devices off and stored How to verify Backpacks and other articles away from desk Risk of theft / what to do? No eating; water/soft drinks okay Raise hand to leave Must be accompanied by proctor => washroom Can write a note to report cheating Ted’s Second Dilemma THE ONLOOKERS The Scene: The Education Gym The Time: Final Exams in December Ted sees this girl consulting a book she pulled out of her bag. Ted sees this guy looking at his neighbour’s paper. Neither student is writing the exam Ted is proctoring. What should Ted do? A. Stare the students down. B. Find another proctor to assist. C. Take the students’ exams and send them out. D. Announce that two people have been caught cheating. E. Take the book from the girl and move the guy. F. Write down the students’ names and numbers. G. Nothing. They’re not Ted’s students. Make a detailed record Report it Collect all evidence Get another witness if you can If you suspect or detect cheating Avoid distracting others Take exam & provide another Move the student What to do if you’re uncertain Consult the appropriate policy. Speak to the professor for whom you are working. Contact the Dept. Head or Associate Dean. Seek advice from the AIO. BEST PRACTICE: Know in advance what to do. What Not to Do Think “It’s no big deal.” Remain silent. Decide “It’s not worth it.” Assist a student in cheating. Take chances. Emergency Procedures Fire alarms / Evacuation Inform candidates Collect valuables (if safe to do so) Inform students: EXAM CONDITIONS REMAIN IN FORCE Make notes of any problematic behaviour Medical issues Outcome Report to Dean Professor determines whether exam results acceptable Dean determines whether exam to be rescheduled Ending the exam 15 minute / 5 minute announcements All writing ends when end of exam called Penalty: downward adjustment of grade In seats until all exams collected All answer books must be numbered Sign out, if required “Exam Q paper belongs to the candidate unless otherwise stated” When all students gone, check room Guidelines to Control Cheating See Appendix A Technological Challenges “Cheating on Tests” – YouTube videos online Pen Scanner (IRISPen) Wireless ear implants Texting, cell phones, smartphones, etc. Ted’s Third Dilemma THE TAKE HOME EXAM The Scene: Leddy Library The Time: Second last day of exams Here’s the answer to Question #2 right here. I don’t think that’s right. I know a better place we can look. Why go to all that trouble? This looks terrific. Let’s use it. What should Ted have done? A. Gone to this session. B. Approached the students. C. Followed the students surreptitiously throughout the library. D. Given them a few ideas. It’s not a formal exam (and Ted’s a nice guy)! E. He was right to do nothing. Ever heard of collaborative learning? Ted’s Fourth Dilemma THE MULTIPLE-CHOICE MISFIT The Scene: Outside Dillon Hall The Time: April after an exam Ted!! Over here!! It’s Maria! Do you have a second? I’ve got a favour to ask you. Hi Maria! It’s just a few answers on the multiple choice final. It’s the only way I can keep my scholarship. If I lose it, my parents will kill me and I’ll have to drop out of school! C’mon. No one will know. I’ll even pay you if you want. Okay, okay. But just this once. What could happen to Ted? A. Nothing. No one will ever know. B. Maria might go out with him. C. Ted could be suspended. D. Ted could be expelled. E. Ted could lose his proctor job. F. Ted could spend the rest of his life making Scantron sheets. Your Dual Role STUDENT GA, TA, or Proctor EMPLOYEE Students’ Obligation Under Bylaw 31 To refrain from engaging in “actions that demonstrate a lack of integrity defined as a lack of adherence to this University’s bylaws and policies . . .” True Story: Case #08/09-12 GA proctoring exam Evidence of misconduct: talking to and signaling answers to student At least one other GA saw it Student witness writing exam reported it Other GA reluctantly reported it when asked Disciplinary process (undefended) Two-year suspension / lost GA job FAQ What if I report the misconduct and the professor does not do anything? What if a student challenges what I tell him/her to do? What about retaliation from fellow proctors if I report a proctor? What if I don’t have the time to get involved in a misconduct case? What if I am proctoring in the Student Disability Services office? Other exam-related procedures in Policy E3 Students wearing facial scarves Appendix B Pre-approved prayer time during an exam Paragraph 4.8 Ted’s Final Dilemma Exam Security or “Where are the exams?” The Scene: Everywhere (unfortunately) The Time: Day of the exam in April 1. Picks up exams 2. Stops for lunch. 6. Has to leave for work. 5. Falls asleep. 7. Gives exams to Joe to finish marking … 8. …who delivers them to the head GA ... 3. Writes his own exam. 4. Goes home to mark for awhile. 9. ...who delivers them to the professor. After the exam Preserve the integrity of the exam. NEVER leave exams unattended. Remain on campus in a secure place. Maintain continuity of possession. Do not provide access to the exams to anyone. Grading quizzes/exams Put yourself in the students’ shoes. Set aside adequate time. Do not delegate the task without the professor’s permission. Speak to the professor if you encounter problems or have questions. Do not share the papers with anyone. When an offence has occurred 1. You must report the misconduct to the professor who may meet with the student. 2. The professor may file a complaint with the Senate Secretariat and the complaint will be sent to the Associate Dean. 3. The Associate Dean will meet with the student and either dismiss the complaint or send it to the AIO for further investigation. 4. After further investigation, the AIO will either (1) dismiss the complaint, (2) return it to the Associate Dean for sanctioning, (3) forward it the Vice-Provost for sanctioning, or (4) refer it to a Judicial Panel for a hearing. . What may be required of you Write a detailed statement of everything you know/witnessed. Meet with the AIO upon request. Prepare to give evidence at a hearing, if necessary. This is all part of your job. Why is all of this important? maintains academic integrity on campus sends a strong message: “We care about academic integrity.” builds trust and confidence strengthens the value of all UW degrees lends credibility to your role in the teaching and learning process How to Reach Me Office: 201/203 Assumption Univ. Bldg. Phone: 253-3000 ext. 3929 Email: [email protected] Web: www.uwindsor.ca/aio • G.A.s and T.A.s link • “Information for Students” link • “Information for Faculty” link One more ?? Armstrong & Miller: Exam Hall Sketch 2 THE END. GOOD LUCK! HAVE A SUCCESSFUL YEAR!