Who was given the honor of being the Georgia colony’s first governor? Captain John Reynolds 1754-1757 • Former Navy captain • Greeted with much fan fare and excitement • Is given credit for giving colonists the right to selfgovernment and for setting up the colony’s first bi-cameral legislature and court system. What did self-government mean to GA colonists? 50 Acres! • Gave colonists the right to voice concerns and be a part of the evolution of the GA colony! • Colonists would have the right to – – Vote – had to own 50 acres and be male – Hold elections – Collect taxes The Royal Colony of GA’s First Government Bi-Cameral Legislature Commons House of Assembly Governor’s Council Lower house Upper house These men were elected by colonists These men were appointed by the King Had to own 500 acres Were wealthy, influential landowners Could write and vote on bills Would advise the governor, approve land grants, make laws, and, sometimes, act as judges in legal cases The Royal Colony of GA’s First Government • When the colonists had differences with each other, they went before the Court of Conscience, over which presided a local justice of the peace. • Cases that couldn’t be resolved by the C.C. were heard by members of the Governor’s Council. Georgia’s first royal governor John Reynolds • Lost his temper when the Commons House disagreed with his viewpoints on building up the defenses of the colony, and he disbanded the legislature and took charge writing and approving bills. • He assigned a close friend more than 6 administration jobs to make up for those he had sent home. Georgia’s first royal governor John Reynolds Back to a life I know and love! • While “waiting for a better assignment to came along,” Reynolds was called back to England to answer charges that he behaved poorly. • He was ordered to resign and went back to service in the Navy. • Major events - he was royal governor when the French and Indian War was beginning. nd 2 Who was the royal governor of the Georgia colony? • • • • • Gov. Henry Ellis Henry Ellis 1757-1760 Was another captain in the British Royal Navy Fancied himself a naturalist and scientist In today’s world, he’d be heavily medicated! nd 2 Who was the royal governor of the Georgia colony? • He unified feuding factions of colonists, sought the advice of the governor of SC, and allowed wealthy, influential colonists help lead the colony. nd 2 Who was the royal governor of the Georgia colony? • CELEBRATE GOOD TIMES, COME ON! Major boom time for GA’s population. – By 1759 = 10,000 in GA • Colony made huge economic progress! – new farms, new crops being grown successfully, and new products to purchase as more and more merchants conduct business in GA nd 2 Who was the royal governor of the Georgia colony? • In 1759, Ellis becomes very ill and asks to return to Britain. • He is later reassigned to Nova Scotia in 1761 rd 3 Who was the and last royal governor of the Georgia colony? • • • • Gov. James Wright James Wright 1760-1776 Was the attorney general for SC before coming to GA Wright played a key role in two large land cessions from GA's Indians in 1763 and1773. – During Wright’s term, land ownership increases the most. rd 3 Who was the and last royal governor of the Georgia colony? • Completed the defenses around Savannah with palisades and forts were made stronger. • New port at Sunbury was created and made the official port of entry. Where is Sunbury in GA? http://www.mapquest.com/mq/3-mectJa0e rd 3 Who was the and last royal governor of the Georgia colony? • Other positive developments: – – – – – • Well, at least for some! Rice, indigo, and silk booming More schools created More people reading/books being sold GA’s first newspaper “The Georgia Gazette” started Many homes rebuilt into finer homes Crackers and other poor whites (esp. in the backcountry) weren’t feeling much this much progress however. rd 3 Who was the and last royal governor of the Georgia colony? • Major events – French and Indian War ends, protests in American colonies begin, American Revolution breaks out, Battle of the Rice Boats occur, and Wright is arrested by Liberty Boys.