Innovative development in Kazakhstan

Report
Innovative development
in Kazakhstan
Birzhan Kaneshev
KAZMEMST
www.memst.kz
Innovation policy in Kazakhstan
The law "On state support of industrial innovation“ and
Conception of innovative development of Kazakhstan till 2020:
- Support for the effective implementation of the innovation and development of
high-tech industries;
- Assisting the subjects of industrial innovation in technology commercialization.
PRESENT
(2010 – 2014 )
PAST
(2009 )
share of innovation active
enterprises 4%
share of innovative products in
GDP of 0.51%
Kazakhstan in WEF GCI
ranking took place 72
share of innovation active
enterprises 10% (2013 - 8%)
share of innovative products in
the GDP of 1% (2013 - 1.65%)
Kazakhstan in WEF GCI ranking
took place 48 (2013 - 50)
FUTURE
(2015 – 2019 )
share of innovation active
enterprises 20%
share of innovative products in the
GDP of 2.5%
Kazakhstan in WEF GCI ranking
took place 40
Advancing Innovation in the framework of the State
program of industrial-innovative development
1
International statistics of the Global Competitiveness Index of the
World Economic Forum
Subfactors in the technological readiness and
innovation
50th place of
148 сountries
2011-12
2014-15
+/-
General index
72
50
+22
Technological readiness
87
61
+26
Innovation potential
116
85
+31
The ability of companies to implement
modern technology
113
90
+23
Quality of SRI
121
99
+22
Expenditure of R & D companies
107
68
+39
Cooperation of universities and business in R
& D sphere
119
88
+31
Availability of scientists and engineers
106
83
+23
Kazakhstan approached a group of countries, driven by innovation
Economy, driven by
factors
(group 1)
37 countries:
Kyrgyzstan
India
Ghana
Bangladesh
Yemen
Mali
Tajikistan
et al.
Transition level
(group 1-2)
16 countries:
Algeria
Azerbaijan
Bolivia
Honduras
Moldova
Philippines
et al.
Economy, driven by
efficiency
(group 2)
30 countries :
Armenia
Egypt
Ukraine
China
Paraguay
Romania
Indonesia
et al.
Transition level
(group 2-3)
24 countries :
Argentina
Brazil
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Malaysia
Russia
et al.
Economy, driven by
innovation
(group 3)
37 countries :
Australia
Austria
Finland
Japan
South Korea
USA
Norway
et al.
2
Statistics of innovation activity indicators
Share of active innovative
enterprises,%
7.1
4.8
In 2013, Kazakhstan has
reached a historic high for
the first time in the
growth of innovation
indicators
2.1
8,0
2093
5.2
4.8
4.0
3.4
7.6
The volume of innovative products,
mln. USD
3200
4.0
1303
2.3
360
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
665
842
616
786
456
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Growth 4 fold
Growth 2 fold
Expenditure on technological
innovation of enterprises,
mln. USD.
Gross domestic expenditure on R
& D, mln. USD
The positive trend is due
to the successful results of
the program of the State
Forced
IndustrialInnovative Development
until 2014
410
861
340
2390
283
239
192
118
64
1800
215
185
1300
137 148
1076
80
104
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Growth of
58.6%
180
309
395
461
626
337
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Growth 2 fold
3
The effectiveness of innovation
The main operators – Holding «Baiterek» and JSC «National Agency for
Technological Development»
Total identified about 3000 developments or projects, 577 of them
provided practical assistance in implementation:
 268 initiative of Kazakhstan scientists
 135 small initiative companies
 174 enterprises
4
Development of International Network of partners
Kazakh-French Center for
Technology transfer
Kazakh-Korean Center for
Technology cooperation
Kazakh-American Center
for Technology
cooperation
Kazakh-Norway Center for
Technology cooperation
Kazakh-Chinese Center
for Technology
cooperation
 Total projects through the International Center for Technological Cooperation implemented 20
common projects (biotechnology, ICT, energy efficiency) and 18 projects are in development
stage.
Within the framework of participation the JSC «NATD» in the framework of the agreements
European Union implemented 3 projects totaling 32 million tenge:
- PICTURE, project for supporting a policy dialogue between European Union and the countries of
Eastern Europe and Central Asia;
- EECA2HORIZON, project «Involvement of the European Union cooperation with the countries
Eastern Europe and Central Europe and policy in the field of ICT»;
- INCONET-CA, project to support interregional dialogue in the scientific-technical and innovation
policy field between European Union and countries of the Central Asia.
5
The economic growth:
- Trade facilitation;
- Convergence of economies;
- E-business;
- The spread of new technologies;
- Appropriate commercial practices
Social protection:
- The protection of consumers;
- Health;
- Fair competition;
- Labor protection;
- Security
Standardization - the
element of ensure the
transfer of innovation
Ecological integrity:
- Environmental management;
- The quality of the products (water, soil,
air);
- The organization of waste collection and
disposal;
- The emission of greenhouse gases and
measurement of climate;
- Marking.
⁻
⁻
⁻
⁻
⁻
Resource conservation:
Creation of new industries;
Marking of buildings and
structures;
Informing and raising
awareness;
Creating impetus for
innovation and investment in
6
existing buildings
DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS
AT THE PRIORITY ECONOMIC SECTORS
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2012
2013
2014
7
Transition on advanced standardization
Increasing the amount
of under development
standards
From 500 to 1000
standards.
Development of
standards is effected by
the technical
committees on
standardization (TC)
participating in work of
the international and
regional TC
Adoption of
standards by
consensus involving
all stakeholders
The harmonization
of national
standards with
international
standards
requirements
(72.5%)
8
Thank you for attention!

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