Ways of the World Ch. 10 Power Point

Report
Contraction, Expansion, and Division
500-1300
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To teach students why Christianity became a
major religion during the third wave era of
civilizations.
To teach students how and why Christianity
contracted and expanded in different parts of
the world during this time period.
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9.4.3.8.3
9.4.3.9.1
9.4.3.9.5
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Growth of modern
Christianity
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China, South Korea,
Taiwan, Singapore,
The Philippines,
Vietnam, and parts of
India.
Non-Muslim regions
of Africa
Protestant
Christianity in Latin
America
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Widespread in Africa and Eurasia
Contraction of Christianity
Division
ASIAN CHRISTIANITY
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Contraction due to the
emergence of Islam
Powerful Arab Empire
Several sacred locations
taken by Islam
“Arrival of new faith”
Warfare against nearby
Byzantine and Persia
Conversion to Islam
ASIAN CHRISTIANITY
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Contraction of Christianity in China
Chinese state turned against all foreign religions
Acceptance from the Mongol rule
Almost completely vanished during the Confucian
Ming dynasty
AFRICAN CHRISTIANITY
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Majority of Egypt
practiced Christianity
under Islamic rule –
“dhimmis”
Violent change when
Egypt threatened by
Mongols and Christian
crusaders
Rise and decline in Nubia
Strong Christian
community in Ethiopia
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What variations in the experience of African
and Asian Christian communities can you
identify?
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Ties between church and state.
Provided a cultural identity
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Roman Catholicism
Crusades
Seizure and looting of Constantinople in 1204
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Struggle against Persian
Empire
“Greek Fire”
Long-distance trade in
Eurasia
Cultural influence
Conquest of Balkans
and parts of Russia
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Culturally diverse
Kievan Rus
Prince Vladimir or Kiev
Sought to unify the
diverse area
Linked Rus with larger
networks of
communication and
exchange
“Third Rome”
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How did links to Byzantium transform the new
civilization of Kievan Rus?
Ch. 10
Ways of the World
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Students will demonstrate knowledge of how
different cultures influenced the west.
Students will recognize technological
advancements made by the west as a result of
borrowing.
Students will learn the basics of pluralism in
politics in the west.
Students will learn about the idea of reason
and theology and its effect on faith.
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9.4.1.2.1
9.4.1.2.2
9.4.3.8.1
9.4.3.9.7
Far behind other civilizations
Smaller cities
Weak political figures
Weak economy
Technologically behind
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How did the West catch up to other
civilizations?
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Answer: Borrowing
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Intellectual Innovations:
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Cultural Innovations:
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Examples: Mathematics, Chess
Examples: Christian Mysticism, Music, Poetry
Technological Innovations:
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Examples: Horse Collar, Gunpowder, Paper
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Heavy wheeled plows to handle dense soil of
north Europe.
Horses
Three- field crop rotation
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Windmill, water driven
Gunpowder
Cannons
Question: In what ways did borrowing from
abroad shape European civilization after 1000?
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No Empire
Competing coexisting state governments
Weaker competing officials / rulers
Local commoner representation in government
Embryonic parliaments represented the three
estates, 1-Clergey, 2-Landowning nobility, and
3-urban merchants
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War
Strengthened local militaries
Drove Scholars and Bureaucrats
Extended trading and borrowing
Further advanced agriculture
Lead way for capitalism
(Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY)
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Theology
European intellectuals were called to ask
questions.
Who? What? When? Where? Why?
The idea was to provide a rational foundation
of faith.
Reason was applied to religion, law, medicine,
nature, astronomy, etc.
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Aristotle was the prominent figure in the area
of theology.
Many scholars were force out of European
countries and took their teachings to the
Islamic World.
Theology was accepted and eventually taught
in the University.
Lead the way for scientific study.
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Religious establishments saw reason as a
threat. A threat that questioned the
fundamentals of their ideology.
To this day there is tension between religious
groups and scientific thinkers.
Does this picture portray
Christ's Divinity? Look closely
at the picture before answering.
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How does the image portray
Jesus as an All-Powerful ruler?
Does this image of Jesus differ
from others you have seen?
LADDER OF DIVINE
ASCENT
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Instructional book for
Byzantine monks
Taught monks to
overcome temptation
and ascend toward
union with God
The demons represent
various sins

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