Keynote Presentation template

Report
Hannes Tschofenig
1
The Internet of Things Today
Enormous potential
 “Tens of billions of new devices”
 … but market growing slower than expected
Embedded, but different
 IoT devices are often “embedded” but can have
different requirements, constraints and goals
compared to conventional embedded systems
 Often very strict energy or resource constraints
Complexity rapidly increasing
 Security, manageability, updates often underestimated
 More sophisticated hardware requires more software … and vice versa!
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Challenges
 Embedded development is a specialized skill
 The tens of millions of non-embedded developers struggle with the low-level environment, lack of libraries and
strict resource constraints
 Conversely, embedded developers struggle with internet protocols, servers, security, networking, etc
 Even with good embedded developers, embedded software is expensive, slow to market, and getting worse!
 Power management is important, but difficult
 Allowing the programmer to manually manage power requires they deeply understand the hardware
 Hardware often consumes energy in non-obvious ways
 Most software is not re-used
 Less than 25% of embedded projects use third-party software components [Source: UBM Embedded Market Study 2013]
 Software re-use lowers costs, time-to-market, and fosters protocol interoperability and security
 Connectivity introduces many new security concerns
 Previously isolated devices now at risk of remote attack, data leaks, and denial of service
 Security is also a specialized skill; non-experts often introduce subtle vulnerabilities
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Smart Cities
Smart Home
Wearables
Application
Application
Application
Sub-GHz
Zigbee IP-NAN
Implementations of key connectivity standards
BT Smart
Thread
Connectivity
Connectivity
Provisioning
Security
OS + Drivers
Provisioning
Security
OS + Drivers
Common OS foundation
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BT Smart
BT Smart IP
Connectivity
Provisioning
Security
OS + Drivers
OS
Productivity
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Security
Connectivity
Management
Efficiency
mbed OS
Minimize time-to-market
Low-power by design
Complete security solution
Top connectivity standards
Built-in device management
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Application Framework
ARM® Cortex®-M Product Line
Low power implementation
Sleep mode support
Wake-up Interrupt Controller
Broad tools and OS support
Binary compatible roadmap
Performance efficiency
Feature rich connectivity
Lowest power
Outstanding energy efficiency
Digital Signal Control (DSC)
Processor with DSP
Accelerated SIMD
Floating point (FP)
32-bit RISC architecture
High efficiency processor cores
Integrated Interrupt Controller
Thumb® support
Lowest cost
Low power
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Cortex-M7 has been released recently: http://www.arm.com/products/processors/cortex-m/cortex-m7-processor.php
In the ‘90s the processor used to be the scarce resource
In IoT there are different scarce resources:
Energy & Productivity
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ARM mbed OS Philosophy
Reducing total system cost by enabling better system tradeoffs
=
Total Cost
+
+
Hardware Cost
Energy Cost
Devel. Cost
(amortized, inc. deployment cost)
We care about this.
But it can make sense to spend more here …
(e.g. on more memory)
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… if it results in savings here …
(e.g. sophisticated power management)
… and here.
(e.g. firmware update,
manageability)
ARM mbed OS Philosophy
Increase developer productivity and reduce development costs
 Use higher-level languages that allow the developer to express their intention more
succinctly and concisely, with less chance of mistakes
 mbed utilizes C++ for ease of development
 Better tools
 Automated testing infrastructure
 Improved debug and diagnostics support
 Increase software reuse
 Online community for sharing components
 Automate the process of incorporating software components into a project
 Commonly used functionality bundled into the OS
 Consistent power management
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ARM mbed OS Supports Key Standards for Growth and Scale
Provisioning,
Management &
Semantics
Internet Security
& Protocols
Connectivity
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The I in IoT: Web (and IP) Protocols to the Edge
IoT Application
Application
Device Management
Binary | JSON – IPSO Objects
REST APIs
Web Transport
Internet
Protocol
Connectivity
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CoAP | HTTP
DTLS | TLS
UDP | TCP
IPv4 | IPv6 | 6LoWPAN
Architectural Details
Security
 The security subsystem in mbed OS
is called CryptoBox
 Turns complex security functions
into simple, portable and safe API’s
 Stops people from reinventing
wheels by providing modular building
blocks for





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Secure Identity
Firmware over the Air
Encryption/Decryption and Signing
Randomness
Secure Manufacturing
Application Framework
Mbed: Great Momentum
70,000+ developers
9,000+ projects
1M+ builds/year
15
8+ years of IoT products
5+ years 24/7
30+ official mbed boards
mbed Device Server
mbed Ecosystem
•
•
•
•
Partners
Developers
Enabled Services
Enabled Products
• Freemium model to enable startups
• Application data and device management
• Growth market access for cloud platforms
and operators
mbed OS
• Free for use on ARM architecture
• Leading connectivity standards
• Productivity, minimized costs
• Built-in management
• Security
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ARM Cortex®-M
-based MCU
The new mbed Partner Ecosystem: Join Us!
Cloud
Partners
Partners
Silicon
Partners
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mbed Device Server
mbed OS
IoT Service or App
IP and Web to the edge
End-to-End Security, Web, Data Objects & Management
Little Data
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BIG DATA

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