Physical Education

Quality Physical Education and
into the 21st Century
Today’s Objectives:
• Begin and end on time
• Consider positive possibilities
• Participate and process
• Respect the needs and ideas of others
• Look for one "take away"
Why Quality Health and Physical
Education Policy Change is Needed
• 65% of all U.S. citizens are obese or
• It is now a matter of national security.
• It could improve academic performance.
AAHPERD is Leading The Way
• AAHPERD (American Alliance for Health, Physical
Education, Recreation and Dance)
• NASPE (National Association for Sport and Physical
• AAHE (America Association for Health Education)
Research Based Quality Physical
The latest research indicates that there is a need for
more physical activity and physical education.
The Association Between School-Based
Physical Activity, including Physical Education,
and Academic Performance
• In April of 2010 an exciting new study was released by the
CDC and other government health related departments.
• It was a review of relevant research articles related to
physical activity and academic performance.
• 50 studies demonstrated 251 associations between physical
activity and academic achievement, academic behavior,
cognitive skills, and attitudes.
Four Areas of Physical Activity
School-based physical education
Classroom physical activity
Extracurricular physical activity
School-Based Physical
Education Studies
Eleven of fourteen studies found one or
more positive association between schoolbased physical education and improved
academic performance.
Recess Studies
All eight recess studies found one or more
positive associations and indicators with
cognitive skills, attitudes, academic
Classroom Physical Activity Studies
Eight of the nine studies found positive
associations between classroom-based
physical activity, academic behavior and
academic achievement.
Extracurricular Physical Activity Studies
• Examined the relationships between extracurricular
physical activity and academic performance.
• One or more positive associations were found in
students participating in activities.
• No negative associations were determined in any of
the four areas of physical activity studied.
Implications for Change!
• Evidence indicates physical activity improves
academic achievement.
• Improvements include grades and standardized
test scores.
• Enhances concentration and attention.
• Improves classroom behavior.
Group Activity (Mixed Pair Share)
• Stand up, hand up & high five a partner.
• Introduce yourself.
• Each person will take turns sharing their
physical education school experiences with 5
different people.
• One minute per person.
• Thank partner & sit back down when done.
“Shape of the Nation Report 2010”
• No federal law requires physical education.
• No incentives for states or schools to offer physical
• States define guidelines and requirements.
• School districts are responsible for implementation.
“Shape of the Nation” Conclusions
• Quality Physical Education
– Essential element in the formative growth of children.
– Assures some degree of regular physical activity.
– Creates framework of life skills which shape the whole
person, encourage smart choices and influence a healthy
improving the future shape & health of our nation.
NASPE and AHA Recommend
Quality physical education be provided to all students as an
integral part of K-12 education.
Physical education be delivered by certified/licensed physical
education teachers.
Adequate time be provided:
-150 minutes per week - elementary school
- 225 minutes per week - middle and high school
All states develop standards reflective of the NASPE standards
of quality physical education.
Set minimum standards for student achievement in quality
physical education.
NASPE and AHA Recommend
• Meeting minimum standards in quality physical education
is a requirement for high school graduation.
• Physical activities and other courses are not substitutes for
quality physical education.
• Physical activity is incorporated into the school day.
• Parents monitor their children’s quality physical education
progress and participation.
• Communities provide and promote the use of safe
sidewalks, paths, trails and recreation facilities.
Brain Research
• Physical activity increases blood flow to the brain.
• Regular exercise helps with the transfer of
information between neurons.
• Regular aerobic exercise helps in developing new
brain cells.
Brain Rules
by John Medina
Rule #1 of 12
“Exercise boosts brain power!”
Energize the Classroom
• Quick classroom based physical activities
• Require little preparation or additional materials
• Brain Breaks: Michigan Dept. of Educ.
• Energizers: Be Active North Carolina
• Take 10: K-5 Program
• NASPE: Integrating Physical Activity into the
Complete School Day
Group Activity #2
Cross Crawls
Thumb & Finger Switch
Nose & Ear Switch
Crazy Arms (one forward/one backward)
What’s Happening in our Show-Me
• Promotes Quality Health and Physical Education
professional development workshops each spring in
conjunction with DESE/RPDC/SW Center for Educational
• Created A Position Statement on Physical Activity and
Quality Health and Physical Education Programs
• Promotes Exemplary Program recognition. We feel that
exemplary programs should be an outgrowth of quality
Missouri Report Card
• Data is from “F as in Fat: How Obesity
Policies are Failing in America (2010).”
• State rankings go from 1 to 50.
• Additional data from Kaiser Family
• Missouri Report Card Helps Advocate by:
– Combating obesity related health issues
– Promoting healthy, active lifestyles for all Missouri
Missouri Report Card
CDC Definitions
• Overweight: At or above the 85th percentile
for their age
• Obese: At or above the 95th percentile for
their age
Overweight Among Youth
• Among 6-11 year olds, 33% are considered
overweight and 17% are considered obese.
• 34% of 12-19 year olds are overweight and
17.6% are considered obese.
• Among high school students, 13% are
• These rates have roughly doubled since
Missouri Report Card
Number of Obese Children
• Children ages 10 -17
• 13.6% of Missouri children are
obese, which ranks 31st nationally
• 14.4% of Missouri high school
students are obese which ranks 27th
Missouri Report Card
Number of Overweight and
Obese Adults by Gender
• Male MO: 72.5% US:69.3%
• Female MO: 55.7% US:52.7%
Missouri Report Card
Number of Obese Adults
• 29.3% of Missourians are obese
• Missouri ranks 12th as the most obese
state in the nation.
• Only 11 states are more obese than
Childhood Diabetes
• One in three U.S. children born in 2000
could develop diabetes during their lifetime.
• Obese young people are more likely than
children of normal weight to become
overweight or obese adults.
Missouri Report Card
Adults with Diabetes
• 8.4% of Missouri adults have diabetes
• Ranks 23rd nationally
Missouri Report Card
Adults with Hypertension
• 29.1% of Missouri adults have high
blood pressure
• Ranks 14th nationally
Participation in Physical
Activity by Young People
• Vigorous activity is physical activity for at
least 20 minutes that made the child sweat and
breathe hard.
• Nationwide, less than one-third of all children,
ages 6 to 17, engage in vigorous activity.
• 65% of high school students did not meet
recommended levels of physical activity.
Missouri Report Card
Adult Physical Inactivity
• 26.6% of Missouri adults are inactive
• Ranks 10th nationally
Quality Physical Education and
Health Programs
Help Fight the Obesity Problem!
• Quality programs follow national standards
Wellness Policy
• In 2006 each local educational agency
participating in school lunch programs
shall establish a local school wellness
• What is your school’s wellness policy?
Wellness Policy
Goals must be set for:
• Nutrition education
• Physical activity
• Campus food provision
• Other school-based activities designed to
promote student wellness.
Missouri Curriculum
• Outstanding Schools
Act (1993)
• The Show-Me
Standards (1996)
• Curriculum Frameworks
• Assessment
Annotations Gr. 5&9
Missouri Curriculum Development
Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) (2007)
Activities and Assessments (HPE 2009)
Common Core State Standards (2010)
The sequence of knowledge and skills is similar
to what is now used in Missouri’s grade-level
expectations (GLE) .
• CCSS only pertain to English Language Arts
Standards and Mathematics Standards .
Physical Education Curriculum
• The Physical Education Grade Level
Expectations (GLEs) represent content that
Missouri students are expected to know and do at
each grade level.
• Physical Education GLEs have been aligned to
the Missouri Show-Me Content standards and to
standards from the National Association of Sport
and Physical Education (NASPE, 2004)
Health Education Curriculum
• Missouri follows Coordinated School Health
• The Health Education Grade Level Expectations
(GLEs) represent content that Missouri students
are expected to know and do at each grade level.
• Health Education GLEs have been aligned to the
Missouri Show-Me Content standards and to
standards from the National Health Education
Standards, 2007.
Use of Assessment in Physical
Education and Health
• Make educational decisions about students.
• Provide feedback to students.
• Assess effectiveness of the curriculum and
• Missouri DESE Health and Physical Education
Activities and Assessments available
• Fitness assessed Gr. 1-12
Elementary Physical Education
Each elementary student receives instruction in art,
music, and physical education for a minimum of 50
minutes in each area each week (25 minutes in each area
for half-day kindergarten classes). These classes are
taught by teachers certificated in these fields.
Elementary Health Requirement
Each elementary student receives regular instruction
in reading, language arts, mathematics, science, social
studies, comprehensive health (including tobacco,
alcohol and other drug prevention, and HIV/AIDS
prevention education), and career awareness
education. Instruction in each of the core areas
reflect the Show-Me Standards.
Health & Physical Education
Requirements: Junior High
• Physical education is scheduled and taught to all
students for a minimum of 3,000 minutes each year.
• Health (including tobacco, alcohol and other drug
abuse prevention education, and HIV/AIDS
prevention education) and safety education is
scheduled and taught to all students for a minimum of
1,500 minutes each year.
High School Requirements
• Physical Education: 1.0 credit is the minimum
standard, 2.0 credits is the desirable standard.
• Health Education: 0.5 credit is the minimum
standard, 1.0 credit is the desirable standard.
• Health Education includes tobacco, alcohol and other
drug prevention, and HIV/AIDS prevention
Graduation Requirements
Physical Education and Health
•Graduating Class of 2010
•One-Unit (1.0) of Physical Education
•Half-Unit (0.5) of Health Education
Certification/Licensure of Health
and Physical Education Teachers
•Missouri requires certification or licensure of
health and physical education teachers at all levels.
•The Missouri initial certificate is a four-year license
that does require a professional development plan,
and professional development for a total of 30
contact hours during the four years.
Where does MO go from here?
• Advocate for quality health and physical education to
your state senators and representatives.
• Advocate for your quality program to your school
board, principal, colleagues, and community.
• Become a recognized exemplary program and/or
teacher of the year (
• Be a role model for a model program!
Concerns for Missouri Public
School Education in 2011
• Missouri School Improvement Plan
(MSIP) Cycle 5 Proposal Concerns
• Standards and indicators for educational
resources and instructional processes will be
revised and referenced in a Missouri best
practice document.
• Omission = Elimination?
Where do we go from here?
•Change needed in policy.
•Increase quality physical education , comprehensive
health education, and physical activity.
•Make physical education a core subject.
•Make K-12 physical education a requirement that
meets NASPE guidelines, exceed the minimum!
•Require physical activity for grades 6-12.
Where do we go from here?
• PE2020 -(NASPE Project)
• Opinions about future of what physical
education should look like.
America’s Move to Raise a
Healthier Generation of Kids
Healthy Choices
Healthier Schools
Physical Activity
Access to Affordable Healthy Food
Let’s Move in School
• The AAHPERD family of national, district, and state
associations support Let's Move! First Lady Michelle
Obama's campaign to solve the epidemic of
childhood obesity within a generation.
• MOAHPERD signed a letter of support for LMIS
Who influences the change in
• State legislatures can make policy change.
• Ultimately, citizens influence elected
• Your voice needs to be heard to your local
state representatives and senators.
• Advocate your passion - Encourage others
to advocate for our profession.
Make Your Voice Heard
• Locate federal & state legislators with email address:
• Locate and contact federal, state and local officials by
entering your zip code:
• Track bills and look up legislator information in Missouri or
• Missouri State Board of Education:
Quality Physical Education
Checklist by NASPE
• NASPE has developed a checklist to evaluate your
schools PE program.
• Take it back and evaluate your school.
• There is an action plan included to improve your
school’s program.
Evaluation of Presentation
• This power point will be available
through the MOAHPERD website
• Please fill out the evaluation form and
leave it at the door.
• Thank you.
Works Cited
Trust for America’s Health. (F is For Fat), TFAH, July 2010,
Quality Physical Education and Health into the 21st Century,
KAHPERD Report Card on Health and PE, (Kansas Dept of
Education, 2010),
Shape of the Nation Report, 2010,
National Association for Sport and Physical Education. (2009).
National standards & guidelines for physical education teacher
education (3rd ed.). Reston, VA: The Association.
Works Cited
•PE2020 Is About Building a Shared Vision for Physical Education in
the Year 2020 and Beyond, (2010),
•Physical Activity for Children: A Statement of Guidelines for Children
Ages 5-12, 2nd Edition (2003)
•Standards-Based Assessment of Student Learning: A Comprehensive
Approach (1999)
• To Fat to Fight, 2010,
• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The association between
school based physical activity, including physical education, and
academic performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services; 2010.

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