Runway & Taxiway Markings • Runways marked in white • Taxiways marked in yellow Taxi way Markings - Yellow Runway Threshold Threshold Markings Displacement Markings Sterile Area Taxiway Airfield Lighting Taxiway Lighting – Blue Edge, Green Centre Airfield Approach Lights Threshold (Green) PAPIs (Red/White) Approach Lights (White) White Runway lights Threshold Green Lights Red Obstruction Lights Sterile Area Precision Approach Path Indicators (PAPIs) Threshold Lights High Visibility “T” Approach Lights Lining up on Approach Landing on Runway 15 – Birmingham Airport Landing on Runway 15 – Birmingham Airport Why are taxiway lights and markings so important? Objectives • Understand Airfield Layouts • Know how runways are numbered • Know how runways & taxiways are marked – by day and night • Know how approach lights guide an aircraft into land Questions? Questions • • • • • • What does “HAS” stand for? What colour are obstruction lights? What colour are threshold lights? How are taxiways marked in daylight? What colours are taxiway lights? What is used on an airfield to show wind direction? Questions • How are runways numbered? • True or False: Pilots will usually choose to take off with the wind behind them. • What is a “Sterile Area”? • How is a Sterile Area marked?