HSE-MS Implementation

Report
HSE for Supervisors
HEMP Module
Version two 2007
1
Module Administration
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Emergency procedures
Facilities:
first aid, prayers, refreshments and toilets
Documentation:
class roster and HSE passports
Restrictions:
smoking, telephones and pagers
Introductions:
name, company, position and expectations of the
module
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Module Aims
Aims of the module are to provide supervisory staff with an
awareness of their HSE responsibilities in respect of PDO
HSE management system and the application of the
hazards and effects management process (HEMP)
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Module Objectives
 On completion of module attendees will be able to:
 explain the basic structure of the PDO HSE
management system
 describe the HEMP model and application in the PDO
workplace
 explain the term ‘as low as reasonably practicable’
(ALARP)
 describe principles of completing an HSE safety case
 explain the concept of ‘bow tie’ diagrams
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Module Objectives (continued)
and
 describe the process of applying control measures
 explain the hierarchy of controls
 describe the process of determining recovery measures
for identified hazards in a simulated workplace activity
 describe the PDO risk matrix and use to classify typical
workplace hazards
 carry out the HEMP process on a simulated workplace
activity and produce a simple ‘bow-tie’ diagram to
illustrate how the hazard has been assessed and will be
controlled
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PDO-HSE Management System
 PDO-HSE-Management System (HSE-MS):
 managing HS & E hazards and effects in a
structured way
 Is a systematic process of risk
identification, assessment, control and
recovery
 sets performance standards for managing
HSE
 assesses and continuously improves
performance, monitoring, audit and review
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HSE-MS Elements
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HSE-MS elements :
leadership and commitment
policy and strategic objectives
organisation, responsibilities, resources,
standards and documents
hazards and effects management
planning and procedures
implementation and monitoring
audit
review
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Leadership and Commitment
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Leadership and commitment requires:
top down commitment
effective management
a cohesive culture
visible leadership
clear statement of targets
informed involvement
allocation of appropriate resources
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Leadership and Commitment
Policy & strategic objectives
Organisational, responsibilities,
Resources, standards & documents
Hazards & effects
management
Corrective action
Planning & procedures
Implementation
Monitoring
Audit
Management review
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PDO - HSE Policy
 PDO-HSE policy:
 management approved systematic
approach to managing HSE
 compliant with Omani law, ministerial
decisions, licences, permits and approvals
 compliant with ISO 14001 approved
environmental management systems
 compliant with Shell global HSE
management system and policies
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PDO - HSE Strategic Objectives
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PDO-HSE strategic objectives:
mission, vision and policy statements
statement of business principles and objectives
social responsibility and sustainable development
managing risk, people, organisation, business
processes and assets
 optimum performance
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Organisation, Responsibilities,
Resources, Standards and
Documents
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HSE-MS requires:
everyone to be responsible for HSE performance
appropriate organisational structure
appropriate & adequate human, physical and financial
resources
 clear communication of HSE requirements & standards
 cohesive documentation, planning, scheduling,
implementation and maintenance of management
system
 competent and trained employees
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Hazards and Effects
Management Process
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HEMP provides a structured approach to:
identifying hazards
assessing related risk
applying appropriate control measures, and
prescribing appropriate recovery measures if
controls fail
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HEMP
Identify
hazards
Assess
related risk
Prescribe
recovery
measures
Apply
control
measures
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HSE-MS & HEMP
HSE MS elements
Hazard & effect
management
Identify
hazards
Assess
risks
Control
measures
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Recovery
measures
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HEMP & HSE Case
Introduction
Description
Summary
HEMP
HSE Critical Tasks
Identified shortfalls
& remedial
Conclusions &
statement of fitness
Executive
summary
HSE Case
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HSE Case
 HSE Case:
 combines information from hazards and effects
register
 identifies hazard effects and threats
 assesses likelihood and consequences of a
hazardous event
 manages potential causes by detailing control
measures
 mitigates potential consequences with recovery
measures
 demonstrates how risks are managed to ALARP
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Identifying Hazards and Effects
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Identified and assessed by:
experience and judgement
checklists
codes and standards
structured reviews techniques
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Determining Risk
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Factors in determining risk:
complexity of facilities, activities, products and services
routine, non-routine and emergency activities
supervision, communication and worker competence
detriment to workforce, public and the environment
climatic and other variable operating conditions
effectiveness of control barriers
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Risk Assessment
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Risk to:
people
asset
environment
reputation
Assessed by severity
and likelihood
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Risk Severity
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Severity ratings:
none
slight
minor
major
national
international
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Likelihood of Risk Occurring
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Increasing likelihood:
never heard of in industry
heard of in industry
incident has occurred in PDO
happens several times per year in PDO
happens several times per year in a location
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Severity Rating Assessment
Likelihood
Severity
Consequences
People
Assets
Environment
Reputation
0
No health
effect/injury
No
damage
No
effect
No
impact
1
Slight health
effect/injury
Slight
injury
Slight
effect
Slight impact
2
Minor health
effect/injury
Minor
damage
Minor
effect
Limited
Impact
3
Major health
effect/injury
Localised
damage
Localised
effect
Considerable
impact
4
Permanent total
disability or 1 fatality
Major
damage
Major
effect
National
impact
Multiple
fatalities
Extensive
damage
Massive
effect
International
Impact
5
A
Never
heard of in
industry
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B
Heard of in
E&P
industry
C
Incident
occurred in
PDO
D
Occurs
several times
per year in
PDO
E
Occurs
several
times per
year in
location
Low
Risk
Medium
Risk
High
Risk
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Control Measures
 Control measures:
 preventative measures to reduce likelihood of
risk occurring
 mitigatory measures to reduce consequences
 recovery measures to reduce chain of
consequences arising from risk event
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Hierarchy of Controls
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Control hierarchy:
elimination
substitution
engineering controls
administration safe procedures
training
PPE
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ALARP
 As low as is reasonably practicable (ALARP):
 risk is reduced to a level of ALARP, at a point in
time in relation to the difficulty and cost in
achieving a commensurate level of risk reduction
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ALARP
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Exercise One
 Working in teams attendees will
consider a scenario and:
 identify the potential hazard
 assess the associated risk
 decide appropriate control measures
 prescribe recovery measures
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Control Barriers
Control barriers
Hazard
Supervision
barrier
Communication
barrier
Competence
barrier
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Adverse
incidents
&
accidents
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HEMP Control Tools
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Control tools:
Fault tree analysis
Event tree analysis
Bow-tie diagram
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Bow-tie Diagram
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Threats
 Potential causes to release a hazard
and produce an incident:
 thermal
 chemical
 biological
 radiation
 condition
 uncertainty
 human factors
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Incidents
 Incidents are:
 release or near release of a hazard
exceeding defined limits
 unplanned events or chain of
events which has or could have
caused injury, illness, damage and
loss to asset, environment or third
parties
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HEMP Recovery
Measures aimed at reinstating or returning
situation to normal operating conditions
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HEMP Records
 Hazards and effects register:
 demonstrates all hazards and
effects have been identified,
understood and properly controlled
 kept current for life cycle of project
from design through operation to
decommissioning
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Planning and Procedures
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Management of HSE risk:
planning
procedure
objective
target
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HSE-MS Implementation
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Ensuring HSE-MS is applied:
set performance measures and indicators
establish monitoring to measure performance
address non-compliance and apply corrective action
ensure incidents are notified, analysed, reported,
followed-up and closed out
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HSE-MS Monitoring
 Activity monitoring to ensure implementation:
 pro-active monitoring
 reactive monitoring
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HSE-MS Audits
 HSE-MS audits:
 determine HSE-MS elements are implemented
 determine HSE-MS fulfils policies, objectives
and performance criteria
 determines HSE-MS complies with legislation
and regulations
 identify areas for improving HSE-MS
 enable management to address HSE-MS
issues of concern
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HSE-MS Review
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Senior management review HSE-MS to:
manage HSE risks
reinforce continual HSE performance improvement
ensure continued suitability and effectiveness
address need for change and continual improvement
allocate resource for implementation and maintenance
evaluate sites or situations hazards and risks and
emergency planning, and
 document HSE-MS processes, performance, results and
recommendations
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Exercise Two
Working in teams attendees will
consider a scenario and produce a
bow-tie diagram
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