FF 1 Portable Extinguishers

Report
Portable Extinguishers
Firefighter I
North Carolina Fire &
Rescue Commission
Portable Extinguishers
Lesson One Firefighter I
TERMINAL OBJECTIVE
n
The Firefighter I candidate shall identify in writing the
classifications of fire as they relate to the use of fire
extinguishers, define the fire extinguisher rating
systems, identify the appropriate extinguisher and
application procedures, and correctly demonstrate
extinguishing Class A and B fires by using
appropriate portable fire extinguishers.
Enabling Objectives
n
n
The Firefighter I candidate, when given
a fire scenario, shall correctly identify
each of the five classes of fire and the
appropriate type of fire extinguisher to
use on each class.
The Firefighter I candidate shall
correctly identify, verbally and in
writing, the ratings of any given
portable fire extinguisher.
Enabling Objectives
n
The Firefighter I candidate shall
correctly identify, verbally and in
writing, the different types of fire
extinguishers and the agents used in
each.
Enabling Objectives
n
The Firefighter I candidate shall
visually, verbally, and by physical
demonstration correctly inspect
portable fire extinguishers and
determine proper working order and
placement.
Enabling Objectives
n
n
The Firefighter I candidate shall
correctly list in writing the proper
maintenance requirements and
hydrostatic testing procedures for
portable fire extinguishers.
The Firefighter I candidate shall
correctly identify in writing the steps for
selecting the appropriate portable fire
extinguisher, and demonstrate the use
of extinguishers on Class A and B fires.
Classes Of Fire
n
Five Classes of fire
– Class A: ordinary combustibles
– Class B: flammable and combustible
liquids, gases, and greases
– Class C: fires that are created from
electrical energy
– Class D: combustible metals and
alloys
– Class K: combustible cooking oils
Classes Of Fire
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Class A: ordinary combustibles
– Textiles, paper, plastics, rubber, wood
Class B: flammable and combustible
liquids, gases, and greases
– Alcohol, cooking oils, gasoline, LPG
Class C: fires that are created from
electrical energy
Class D: combustible metals and alloys
– Lithium, magnesium, potassium, sodium
Class K: combustible cooking oils
– Vegetable and animal fats and oils
Classes Of Fire
n
Class A: ordinary combustibles
– Water, foam, dry chemicals
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Class B: flammable and combustible
liquids, gases, and greases
– CO2, class B foam, dry chemical
Class C: fires that are created from
electrical energy
– Eliminate the electrical energy
Classes Of Fire
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Class D: combustible metals and alloys
– Dry powder extinguishers
Class K: combustible cooking oils
– Wet chemical extinguishers
Extinguisher Ratings
Extinguisher ratings define the
extinguishing capability for each size
and type of portable extinguisher.
n They are rated according to the
type of fire they can extinguish
n The number represents their
performance capability
Extinguisher Ratings
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Class A ratings: 1-A through 40-A
Class B ratings: 1-B through 640-B
Class C ratings: No numerical rating.
Nonconductive agent
Class D ratings: No numerical rating.
Tested for reactivity and toxicity
Class K ratings: Agents capable of
converting fatty acids to a soap or
foam. Minimum criteria extinguishes
a surface area of 2.25 sq. ft.
Extinguisher Ratings
n
Multiple markings
– Suitable for extinguishing more than
one class of fire and are identified by
a combination of letters
Extinguisher Ratings
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Class A ratings: 1-A - 1 ¼ gal (5L) of
water
Class B ratings: 1-B - extinguish 1 sq.
ft. of area
Class C ratings: No numerical rating
Extinguisher Ratings
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Class D ratings: No numerical rating.
Class K ratings: No numerical rating.
Minimum criteria extinguishes a
surface area of 2.25 sq. ft.
Extinguisher Ratings
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Pump-type water extinguishers
– Class A
n
Stored pressure water extinguishers
– Class A
n
Water-mist stored pressure
extinguishers
– Class A
– Class C
n
Aqueous film forming foam (AFFF)
extinguishers
– Class A
– Class B
Extinguisher Ratings
n
Clean agent extinguishers
– Class A
– Class B
– Class C
n
Carbon dioxide extinguishers
– Class B
– Class C
n
Wet chemical stored-pressure
extinguishers
– Class K
Extinguisher Ratings
n
Dry chemical extinguishers
– Class A
– Class B
– Class C
Wheeled dry chemical extinguisher
Extinguisher Ratings
n
Dry powders
– Class D
Class D extinguishers
No single agent will extinguish fires in all
combustible metals
Extinguisher Selection
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Class of burning fuel
Rating of extinguisher
Exposures to protect
Size and intensity of fire
Surrounding conditions
Ease of extinguisher handling
Personnel training
Extinguisher Application
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Select size and type
Check the extinguisher
– Condition of container and nozzle
– Weight
– Pressure gauge
n
Approach from the
windward side
Extinguisher Application
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PASS Method of application
–
–
–
–
P: Pull the pin
A: Aim the nozzle
S: Squeeze the handles together
S: Sweep the nozzle back and forth
Extinguisher Protection
NFPA 10, 2010 edition
Standard For Portable Fire Extinguishers
n
n
Fire extinguishers shall not be exposed
to temperatures outside the listed
temperature range shown on the
extinguisher label
Fire extinguishers containing only water
shall be protected to temperatures as
low as -400F by the addition of an
antifreeze that is stipulated on the fire
extinguisher nameplate
Extinguisher Protection
n
Calcium chloride solutions shall not be
used in stainless steel fire extinguishers
Extinguisher Service &Inspection
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Inspect at least once each year to
ensure accessibility and operability
They must be in their designated
locations
Ensure they have not been activated
or tampered with
Check for physical signs of damage
Servicing is done by a fire extinguisher
professional
Extinguisher Inspection
Inspections
n Inspect at least once each year to
ensure it is accessible and in the
proper location
n Check nozzle or horn for obstructions
or damage
Extinguisher Inspection
Inspections
n Check the the shell for damage
n Operating instructions are legible
n Check the locking pin and tamper
seal are in place
n Check that the extinguisher is full of
agent
Extinguisher Inspection
Inspections
n Check that the extinguisher is full of
agent
– By pressure gauge
– By weight
– By agent level
n
Check inspection tag
– Date of last inspection
– Maintenance
– Recharging
n
Examine hose and fittings
Extinguisher Hydrostatic Testing
NFPA 10, 2010 edition
Standard For Portable Fire Extinguishers
n
Test results should be fixed to the
can
Obsolete Extinguishers
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Inverting type fire extinguishers
– Soda-acid
– Foam
– Internal cartridge-operated water and
loaded stream
– Internal cartridge dry-chemical
Obsolete Extinguishers
n
Soft soldered or riveted copper or
brass cylinders
Obsolete Extinguishers
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n
Carbon tetrachloride or
chlorobromomethane
Halon
– Halon 1211
– Halon 1301
Summary
Review the five classes of fire and the
type of portable fire extinguisher to be
used on each class of fire. Summarize
the ratings and sizes of each type of
extinguisher and how the ratings are
determined.
Review the marking systems used on
extinguishers and the various different
agents used.
Summary
Review inspection procedures and
hydrostatic testing.
Summarize the operational methods for
each fire extinguisher.

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