Capital Market Literacy MASTER PLAN (CML-MP) Interim Report 1 2 Outline Introduction Terms of Reference Statement of Overall Objective Methodology Review of Global Practices Review of Local Practice Summary of Findings 3 Needs Analysis Recommendations Implementation Plan Conclusion 4 Introduction 5 CML-MP |Introduction “Literacy” can be defined as a person’s knowledge of a particular subject or field. The synonyms are articulacy, education, knowledge, learning, proficiency, refinement and scholarship. “Capital Market” can be defined as the Market for raising and trading in long tenured securities in the country’s financial system. “Capital Market Literacy” is therefore, the level of education, learning, articulacy, proficiency and scholarship of a country’s population about Capital Market Activities. 6 CML-MP |Introduction Contd. Observations Studies have shown that Capital Market Literacy is surprisingly low even in the advanced economies of the world. In Nigeria, illiteracy, amongst other factors, could be said to have contributed to the crash of Capital Market in 2008/2009. In a similar study conducted by EFINA 2012 showed limited knowledge about the Financial Market generally and its activities in Nigeria. …To this end, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) set the ball rolling by Setting up a committee to: i. look into literacy in Nigeria capital Market; and ii. draw up a ten year Capital Market Literacy Master Plan. 7 CML-MP |Introduction Contd. The project will involve: Studying what obtains: 1.Globally 2. locally Conducting Needs Analysis Making recommendations which could improve the level of Capital Market 8 Terms of Reference 9 CML-MP |Terms of Reference Examine the current level of capital literacy in Nigeria and make recommenda tions for ways to improve on the quality and depth of knowledge in an effective and efficient manner. Identify and review the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of the current structure of Nigerian capital market literacy programs to meet the immediate and future developmental aspirations of the market and the national economy. Examine current policies and plans for capital market literacy and recommend appropriate strategies in line with best practices to enhance participation in the market and determine the reforms; Suggest ways that could be adopted to influence a large population of Nigerians to make decisions towards investing in the capital market. Consider any additional issue(s) required to achieve the level of capital market literacy comparabl e with any world class capital market. 10 Statement of Overall Objective 11 CML-MP |Statement of Overall Objective To develop a framework for continuously building capacity of all Stakeholders for a wider and more informed participation in the Nigerian capital market 12 Methodology 13 CML-MP |Methodology Review Financial /Capital Market Literacy initiatives in other jurisdictions. Review existing capital market literacy initiatives/activities in Nigeria Identify Capital Market Stakeholders Identify and analyze the Capital Market Literacy Needs of Stakeholders Identify relevant programs to meet the needs of stakeholders Make necessary recommendations 14 Review of Global Best Practices 15 CML-MP |Review of Global Best Practices France Australia Kenya Japan United Kingdom South Africa USA Brazil Rwanda India Malaysia Canada 16 Summary of Findings 17 • CML-MP |Summary of Findings Stakeholders Our study of financial/capital market literacy programs for other jurisdictions revealed that the following “stakeholders” are involved in the campaign aimed at improving capital market literacy: ▫ National Authority (Government policies) ▫ Regulatory bodies ▫ Industry Operators ▫ Foundations and NGOs ▫ Institutional Investors ▫ Professional bodies and ▫ High Net-worth Individuals 18 CML-MP |Summary of Findings Target • The study also shows that Capital Market Literacy Programs are targeted at the following: ▫ Various organs of government – The Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. ▫ Students - Primary, Secondary, Colleges and Universities. ▫ Professionals – Lawyers, Accountants, Doctors, Consultants etc. ▫ People planning to retire or already retired. ▫ Employees in the service of Regulators, Operators and government parastatal and agencies. ▫ Members of professional bodies etc 19 CML-MP |Summary of Findings Implementation • In addition, Capital Market Literacy programs are designed and implemented in various ways viz: ▫ In the curriculum of professional bodies, schools and Universities ▫ Workshops, seminars and training programs for operators, regulators and investors ▫ Exhibitions, road shows and annual public lectures ▫ Television and Radio talk shows ▫ Partnership education arrangements between Associations, Regulators and Investors ▫ Individuals are also encouraged to research and publish books on finance and capital market related subjects as a way of deepening the understanding of various stakeholders in the market ▫ Professional bodies, Associations and other partnerships also publish journals on financial and capital market related subjects ▫ Postings on websites of Regulatory bodies, professional bodies, Associations, NGOs, Institutional Investors etc 20 Review of Nigeria Current Capital Market Literacy 21 CML-MP | NIGERIA • Capital Market Literacy in Nigeria cannot be said to be new because it is as old as the institution of Capital Market. • Since the financial market crisis of 2008, there have been a growing number of Capital Market Literacy programs in Nigeria. • However, capital market literacy programs in the country currently lacks strategic direction and proper coordination. • Efforts are being made in addressing capital market literacy as focus had hitherto being generally on money market literacy. 22 CML-MP | NIGERIA • Securities and Exchanges Commission (SEC), Chartered Institute of Stockbrokers (CIS), Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE), the Institute of Capital Market Registrars (ICMR), are the leading players in improving capital market literacy through the following…… Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) • Introduction of capital market studies in the school curriculum (Senior Secondary Schools curriculum and the university) • Awareness programs at the six geopolitical zones, • Capital market awareness campaigns at NYSC orientation camps, National Quiz Competition among Secondary Schools Nigeria Stock Exchange • Organise essays for Secondary and Tertiary Institutions • Free Investor clinic Chartered Institute of Stockbrokers (CIS) • Awareness programme on capital market at NYSC Orientation Camps ( so far only Lagos) • Training of ICAN inductees on Capital market at the Annual Induction Program, Workshops, Seminars, conferences and Continuing Professional Education Programs for Capital Market operators • Free Investor education programme Institute of Capital Market Registrars (ICMR) • Professional examination for members, Mandatory Continues training Programmes (MCTP) Workshops, Seminar, Annual Conferences and induction and investitures lectures 23 CML-MP | NIGERIA Capital Market Literacy Channels The Capital Market literacy programs are delivered essentially through: • Printed or published materials ▫ such as flyers, booklets, Comic Strips. • Town Hall meetings, Mass Media ▫ Television, Radio, print media. • The use of local languages and drama (Home Video) is gradually coming on stream. ▫ The SEC, for example, has released three home videos –“Breeze”, “Easy Money” and “Mutual Benefits”. 24 CML-MP | NIGERIA Identified Stakeholders The identified stakeholders in the capital market literacy master plan have been classified to the following: 25 CML-MP | NIGERIA Next Steps As a next step, a “needs analysis” will need to be conducted The need analysis involves a survey to be conducted by a consultant, which will look at the Target Audience, potential engagement with capabilities, capabilities needed to engage effectively, current levels of capabilities and gaps to be addressed. 26 CML-MP | NIGERIA Programs Identified Some programs identified include: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Publishing of books and Journals Curriculum development for schools at all levels. Organizing of Workshops Seminars and Annual Public Lectures. Institutionalizing Quiz competitions for schools. Television and Radio Talk Shows. Annual Essay Competition Special training programs for shareholders Associations Taking part in trade fairs Hosting of capital market literacy programs on the website of Regulators, Operators and institutional investors Nigerian Capital Market Institute(NCMI) News papers Advertorials Handbills Film Production Setting up a literacy Monopoly Board Investment games with emphasis on the capital market Market outreaches Wealth and health outreach Nollywood engagements 27 Questions ?