Graham Peaslee

Report
Applications of Nuclear Physics:
A Small Accelerator Lab Story
Graham F. Peaslee
June 13, 2014
The Hope College Nuclear Group
• The integration of research and education
• Publication–driven, NSF funded
• An interdisciplinary expansion
>150 undergraduates / 20 years
External User Science
• Heavy Ion Reactions
Radioactive Nuclear Beams
Phys. Rev. C 83 057304 (2011)
Phys. Rev. C 83 031303(R) (2011)
Phys. Rev. C 81 021302(R) (2010) *
Phys. Lett. B 683, 129 (2010)
Phys. Rev. C 80 021302 (2009)
Phys. Lett. B 672, 17 (2009)
Phys. Rev. C 78 044303 (2008)* + 9 other publications
Hope College Ion Beam Analysis Lab
HIBAL
1.7 MV tandem
accelerator
Nuclear Physics Applications
(2007 LRP)
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Medical Diagnostics & Therapy
Safety & National Security
Energy Production & Exploration
Art & Archeology
Materials Analysis
Environmental Applications
Materials Modification
Nuclear Physics Applications
(2007 LRP)
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Medical Diagnostics & Therapy
Safety & National Security
Energy Production & Exploration
Art & Archeology
Materials Analysis
Environmental Applications
Materials Modification
• Medical Diagnostics & Therapy
“Harvesting” 67Cu (t1/2 ~ 2.6 days) from FRIB beam stop
Therapy
Imaging
• Medical Diagnostics & Therapy
“Harvesting” 67Cu from
beam stop
A. Pen et al., NIM A (2014)
T. Mastren et al., (submitted) Sci. Rep. (2014)
• Safety & National Security
Cathodoluminescent signatures of
neutron irradiation in calcite
DK Silletti, et al. (2012) J. Rad. Meas.
• Energy Production & Exploration
Nuclear Batteries: RadioIsotope Micro Source
e.g. 148Gd (t1/2 ~ 75 a) harvested from
reactor ion exchange resins at MURR
• Art & Archeology
Forensic Analysis of Trace Elements in Glass:
PIXE analyses…
P.A. DeYoung et al, J. Forensic Sci, (2011)
L. Jisonna et al., NIM B (2011)
• Materials Analysis
• Environmental Applications
Metalloprotein Stoichiometry
Energy [keV]
1000
Myoglobin
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
3,000
o_gel399ug-24
Simulated
H
C
N
O
S
Fe
2,800
2,600
2,400
2,200
PESA
Analysis
2,000
Counts
1,800
1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
399µg Myoglobin
400
200
0
10000
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
Channel
JD Warner et al., Nucl
Instr. Meth. B (2010)
SAJ Messing et al., Nucl
Acids Res (2012)
Counts
1000
PIXE
Analysis
100
10
1
0
2
4
6
8
10
X-ray Energy (keV)
12
14
16
• Materials Analysis
• Environmental Applications
Halogenated Flame Retardants in Consumer Products
Br
PIXE
R. Fuoco et al., J. College Sci Teaching (2012)
A.M. Maley et al., (submitted) Nucl Instr. Meth B (2014)
• Materials Analysis
• Environmental Applications
Halogenated Flame Retardants in Consumer Products
• Materials Analysis
• Environmental Applications
Perfluorinated Compounds in Consumer Products
PIGE
110 keV
100
Dockers (30 s)
Counts
197 keV
10
1
0
200
400
600
Channel #
800
1000
Lots of Applications…
Lots of interdisciplinary work…
Phys. Rev., NIM, Nucl. Phys., J. Rad. Meas.,
J. Forensic Sci., J. Nucleic Acids Res.,
Sci. Rep. – NPG, Am. Mineralogist,
Thin Solid Films, J. Soil & Sediment,
J. Appl. Clay Sci., J. Electrochemistry….
(All in last 3 years…)
Lots of Students & Learning:
Acknowledgements
NSF – MRI 0319523 & 0959282
NSF – RUI 0969058 & 1306074
DHS – 2008-DN-077-ER0008
EPA – GL00E01116-0
DOE – SC0007352
Small Accelerator Network

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