Korea Model G20: KMUN Special Session 2010.07.10 Pre-Conference Delegate Orientation Today’s To Do List • • • • • • • • • Secretary General’s Welcoming Speech What is Model G20? How Model G20 is different from MUN? Committee and Agenda Introduction How to prepare (Research tips) How to write a Declaration/Position Paper Rules of Procedure KMUN Quiz Announcements Secretary General’s Welcoming Speech Ho Jeong Ma The Secretariat What is Model G20? • Simulation of G20 conference • Participants=G20+NGO Delegates Research, Negotiate, Form Declaration • Broader View, Internationally Aware How is Model G20 Different from MUN? • Organization • Flow of debate and Voting Procedure • Declaration How is Model G20 Different from MUN? MUN Model G20 192 Nations 20 Nations (including EU) + NGOs Resolution Declaration Substantive Voting – simple majority Substantive Voting – unanimous vote (Observer States cannot vote) Committees and Agendas Global Trade Commission (GTC) • Combating protectionism and concluding Doha Development Agenda (DDA) (non agricultural goods) • Resolving the conflict over trade of agricultural goods Global Development (GD) • Effective aid donation policy coordination for developing countries • Setting a financial crisis response mechanism for low-income countries (long term development perspective) Climate Change & Energy (CCE) • Post Kyoto & Copenhagen • Practical framework to promote transition to green energy Financial Institution - IMF • Reform of the International Monetary Fund • Solving the problems of the exchange rate system Financial Institution – World Bank • Reform of the World Bank • Mechanism to tackle the problem of unemployment of post financial crisis Historical G20 (HG20) • 2008 November 15th -Combating the financial crisis and stabilizing exchange rate • 2008 November 15th -Proliferation of multilateral trade, reduction of trade barriers International Press Corps. (IPC) • Xinhua News Agency • Washington Post • New York Times • Al-Jazeera News Agency How to Write a Declaration • Purpose of the Declaration is to show consensus among the G-20 members • Each state is sovereign, meaning the declaration has to have unanimous vote to pass, and are always non-binding How to Write a Declaration • The Format 1) The Preamble The declaration's preamble begins with 5 main components: who, where, when, why and what How to Write a Declaration • Example “We, the leaders of the Group of Twenty, held an initial meeting in Washington on November 15 , 2008, amid serious challenges to the world economy and financial markets.” How to Write a Declaration • After declaring who, where, when and why the meeting, what they intend to do is mentioned, such as: “We are determined to enhance our cooperation and work together to restore global growth and achieve needed reforms in the world’s financial systems.” How to Write a Declaration • 2) Operative Clauses -Operative clauses are actions that have been taken and actions that will be taken How to Write a Declaration -For operative clauses it is important to note how the contents are categorized. -Categories are made based on the discretion of the congregation. After the preamble, operative clause format continues in a numerical order “1, 2, 3…..n.” How to Write a Declaration • Actions Taken and to be Taken 1. We have taken strong and significant actions to date to stimulate our economies, provide liquidity, strengthen the capital of financial institutions, protect savings and deposits, address 2. --- How to Write a Position Paper • Position Paper is a 1~2 page summary, a document outlining your country or NGO's position on the issues on the agenda How to Write a Position Paper • An ideal Position Paper should include the following elements: • 1. 1~2 page length. An ideal Position Paper is not a 5~10 page thesis. Such Position Papers are difficult to read, understand, and make useful. It should be succinct and brief • 2. Clear and concise language. The language used in your Position Papers should be clear and concise so that they can be easily understood and effectively convey its meaning. How to Write a Position Paper • 3. Clear Statement of Policy. The purpose of the Position Paper is to organize specific country or NGO's stance and foreign policies. Therefore, it should provide readers with adequate understanding of the policies and positions regarding the given agendas. • 4. Organized. Since Position Paper is essentially an essay it should be tightly organized. How to Write a Position Paper • In order to meet these elements, it is recommended that the Position Paper follows a general structure consisted of three sections. • 1) Position Paper should begin with outlining the topic and providing general insight to the agenda. How to Write a Position Paper • 2) Next, you should specify your background research on your country or NGO and the agenda • 3) Third, you should elaborate your country or NGO's policies and stance, supporting these explanations with historical evidence and factors How to Write a Position Paper • 4) Finally, a conclusion should be added to restate your country or NGO's position and sum up what you wish to achieve throughout the conference. How to Prepare (Research Tips) Committee‐Issue‐Country‐Policy • • • • • • • • • • • The Group of Twenty (G20) (http://www.g20.org) The Toronto Summit (http://g20.gc.ca/home) The United Nations (http://www.un.org) – The United Nations. Permanent Missions to the United Nations (http://www.un.int) CIA World Factbook (https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook) National Intelligence Service (http://www.nis.go.kr) US Background Notes (http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes) Country Studies (http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/cshome.html) RAND Corporation (http://www.rand.org) Center for Strategic & International Studies (http://www.csis.org) Issues and Press (http://www.state.gov/issuesandpress) The Rules of Procedure Chapter 1 & 2: Reporting Structure, Conduct and Ethics The Rules of Procedure Chapter 3: Procedure of Committee Proceedings KMUN Quiz Student Officers Announcements • Position papers are due July 26th Please send them to [email protected] • Please register at our online-forum (http://club.cyw orld.com/kmg20) and contact your teammate • Please bring your legal waiver form on the first day of the conference! • Accommodation waiver form • All contacts to [email protected] (no personal contact!!) Thank You See you in August!