Commonly Abused Drugs Among College Students

Report
Commonly Abused Drugs
Among College Students
April 2013
Purdue University Calumet
Counseling Center
Gyte Room 005
(219) 989-2366
Substance use and mental health
illness
• In 2011, approximately 8.9% of adults between
the ages of 18 and 25 experienced a mental
health illness and substance use disorder at the
same time.
(SAMHSA, 2011)
Tobacco (Nicotine)
• Nicotine, the substance found in cigarettes,
cigars, and smokeless tobacco is one of the most
addictive substances in the United States.
• The use of nicotine is also the lead cause of
preventable death, disease, and disability in the
U.S.
• Adults experiencing mental health illness or
substance use disorder are more likely to smoke
cigarettes (Substance Abuse and Mental Health
Services Administration, 2013).
Tobacco health risks
Acute Effects - Increased blood pressure and
heart rate
Health Risks (long-term) - Chronic lung
disease; cardiovascular disease; stroke; cancers of
the mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach,
pancreas, cervix, kidney, bladder, and acute
myeloid leukemia; adverse pregnancy outcomes;
addiction
(National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2011)
Prescription Drug Use
• The most commonly abused prescription drugs
are opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and
stimulants.
▫ Opioids-pain relief medication
▫ Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines-sedatives
or tranquilizers that are prescribed for sleep
difficulties and quick release anxiety suppression
▫ Psycho-Stimulants-medications that are
prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy
(National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2011)
Prescription drug use health risks
• Long term abuse of prescription drug
medications can lead to physical dependence
and addiction.
• Overdosing (taking more than recommended
amount) on prescription medication can lead to
respiratory complications or death.
• Combining alcohol and prescription drug use, as
frequently done to cope with emotional pain, can
lead to death.
Marijuana (Cannabis)
• Cannabis, also known as marijuana or hashish,
is the most commonly used illegal drug in the
U.S.
• The assumption exists that one cannot become
dependent on marijuana, and that using
marijuana will not lead to negative effects--THIS IS A MYTH.
Marijuana health risks
• Consistent/chronic use of marijuana may lead to
an increased susceptibility of respiratory
infections, mental health problems (e.g.
depression; anxiety; academic and job
impairment; relational conflict), and addiction
to other drugs.
(National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2011)
Purdue University Calumet Counseling
Center
For questions or concerns about alcohol use, or
for referrals to mental health and substance abuse
treatment facilities in the community, please
contact the Purdue University Calumet
Counseling Center located in Gyte room 005 at
(219) 989-2366.
Services at the PUC Counseling Center are
kept private and confidential as defined by
Indiana state law.
Mental Health and Addictions
Resources
211 Information and Referral. Northwest Indiana
Community Action Corp. Dial 211 (local residents) or
(219) 794-1829. For TTY, dial 888-814-7597. Provides
information and referrals for Northwest Indiana. You may
also search the online directory of services.
Purdue University Calumet Couple and Family
Therapy Center. 1247 East 169th Street Hammond, IN
46324. CFTC offers counseling services on a sliding fee
scale based on family size and income.
• Phone: (219) 989-2027
• Website
Behavioral health services locator
To find substance abuse and mental health
treatment facilities nationwide, visit SAMHSA’s
Behavioral Health Services locator.
You may also contact this locator by phone
(available 24/7):
▫ 1-800-662-HELP (4357)
▫ 1-800-487-4889 (TDD)
References
National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services. (2011). Commonly Abused Drugs. Retrieved from Commonly Abused
Drugs (PDF)
National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services. (2011). Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs. Retrieved from
Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs (PDF)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2013). The NSUDH Report:
Adults with mental illness or substance use disorder account for 40 percent of all cigarettes
smoked. Retrieved from NSDUH Report (March 20, 2013) (PDF)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2011). Results from the
national survey on drug use and health: Mental health findings (HHS Publication No. 124725). Retrieved from NSDUH - Mental Health Findings

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