New Deal notes

Report
The New Deal
1932-1941
Learning outcomes
1. Identify contributions of
political/social reformers during the
Great Depression
2. Describe New Deal legislation, and
compare/contrast opposing
viewpoints
3. Explain issues/problems of the past
through the viewpoints of those
involved
Key terms/people p. 396
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Franklin D. Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
New Deal
fireside chat
FDIC
TVA
CCC
NRA
PWA
Charles Coughlin
Huey Long
Key terms and people p.
404
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2nd New Deal
WPA
John Maynard Keyes
pump priming
Social Security Act
Wagner Act
collective bargaining
Fair Labor Standards Act
CIO
Sit-down strikes
court packing
Key terms and people p.
412
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Black Cabinet
Mary McLeod Bethune
Indian New Deal
New Deal Coalition
welfare state
Election of 1932
• President Hoover vs.
FDR
• Hoover preached
localism to fix GD
• FDR promoted the
federal gov’t must take
an active role
• FDR won
• Inaugural address—
”the only thing to fear is
fear itself”
New Deal
• What was the
purpose of
the New
Deal?
• New Deal—programs
and legislation
enacted by FDR during
the Great Depression to
promote economic
recovery and social
reform
• 3 R’s
o Relief
o Recovery
o Reform
Fireside Chats
• Why do you think
the President’s
fireside chats
inspired
confidence in the
American
people?
• 8 days after becoming
President, FDR gave his
first fireside chat
reassuring the
American public the
banking system was
safe.
• 4-day bank holiday for
banks to get their
accounts in order
before reopening
• Important way for FDR
to communicate w/ the
American people.
Roosevelt’s Alphabet
Soup
• Analyzing Political
Cartoons: p. 401
1. Why did the cartoonist
use a snail to represent
Congress?
2. What is the cartoonist
saying about the
relationship between
the President and
Congress?
• Relief programs
aimed at
rehabilitating
different
economic
institutions.
• AAA, CCC, TVA,
CWA, PWA,
HOLC, FDIC, SSA
Populist Critics Challenge
FDR
• Huey Long—Senator
from Louisiana
• Share Our Wealth
Program—proposed
high taxes on the
wealthy and large
corporations, and the
redistribution of their
income to poor
Americans
• Program promised a
home and income to
every American
West Coast Hotel vs.
Parrish
• Decision by the
U.S. Supreme
Court upholding
the
constitutionality
of minimum
wage legislation
enacted by the
State of
Washington
Brotherhood of Sleeping
Car Porters
• President—A.
Philip Randolph
• Pressured
Roosevelt to
provide jobs for
African
Americans in
defense factories
Advances and Face
Challenges
• Mary McLeod Bethuneo Founder of Bethune
Cookman University
o Served as FDR’s
Special Adviser of
Minority Affairs
o 1st black woman to
head a Federal
Agency

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