Benchmark 4 Challenges at Home and Abroad

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Benchmark 4
Challenges at Home and Abroad
1. Prior to the United States entry into World
War I, what factor most challenges its
neutrality?
A.Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare
B.Mexico’s support of the Central Powers
C.Russia’s withdrawal of troops after the
Bolshevik Revolution
D.Great Britain’s blockade of European ports
1. Prior to the United States entry into World
War I, what factor most challenges its
neutrality?
A.Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare
B.Mexico’s support of the Central Powers
C.Russia’s withdrawal of troops after the
Bolshevik Revolution
D.Great Britain’s blockade of European ports
2. A first-generation German immigrant living in the
United States in 1917 would most likely have faced
which challenge?
A.Threat of arrest for supporting Socialist
presidential candidate Eugene V. Debs
B. Repression and possible deportation for
objecting to the war in Europe
C. Discrimination resulting from the widespread
racism associated with social Darwinism
D.Anger from antiwar groups targeting supporters
of President Wilson
2. A first-generation German immigrant living in the
United States in 1917 would most likely have faced
which challenge?
A.Threat of arrest for supporting Socialist
presidential candidate Eugene V. Debs
B. Repression and possible deportation for
objecting to the war in Europe
C. Discrimination resulting from the widespread
racism associated with social Darwinism
D.Anger from antiwar groups targeting supporters
of President Wilson
3. What was the goal of President Wilson’s
Fourteen Points?
A.To impose punitive measures on aggressor
nations
B.To provide a plan for a just and lasting peace
C.To distribute colonial possessions equitably
D.To implement a comprehensive reparations
plan
3. What was the goal of President Wilson’s
Fourteen Points?
A.To impose punitive measures on aggressor
nations
B.To provide a plan for a just and lasting peace
C.To distribute colonial possessions equitably
D.To implement a comprehensive reparations
plan
4. What notable legal contest exposed the
widening cultural rift between religion
and modern science during the twentieth
century?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
B.The Sacco and Vanzetti trial
C.The Scopes trial
D. Korematsu v. U.S.
4. What notable legal contest exposed the
widening cultural rift between religion
and modern science during the twentieth
century?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
B.The Sacco and Vanzetti trial
C.The Scopes trial
D. Korematsu v. U.S.
5. Historian Frederick Lewis Allen wrote this
description of what historical circumstance?
“It was an era of lawless and disorderly defense of
law and order, of unconstitutional defense of the
Constitution, of suspicion and civil conflict- in a very
literal sense, a reign of terror. “
A. Increased homeland security after the 9/11
attacks
B. The Red Scare and the Palmer raids
C. The American conquest of the Philippines
D. Violent labor strikes at Coeur d’Alene and
Homestead Steel
5. Historian Frederick Lewis Allen wrote this
description of what historical circumstance?
“It was an era of lawless and disorderly defense of
law and order, of unconstitutional defense of the
Constitution, of suspicion and civil conflict- in a very
literal sense, a reign of terror. “
A. Increased homeland security after the 9/11
attacks
B. The Red Scare and the Palmer raids
C. The American conquest of the Philippines
D. Violent labor strikes at Coeur d’Alene and
Homestead Steel
6. This photo depicts an early auto assembly line.
Which developments are directly associated with mass production?
A. Consumerism, advertising, and the installment plan
B. The Nineteenth Amendment and child labor laws
C. Trust-busting, muckraking and the Square Deal
D. The Red Scare and the Great Depression
6. This photo depicts an early auto assembly line.
Which developments are directly associated with mass production?
A. Consumerism, advertising, and the installment plan
B. The Nineteenth Amendment and child labor laws
C. Trust-busting, muckraking and the Square Deal
D. The Red Scare and the Great Depression
7. Consider this conversation from the 1920’s:
“Have you bought an automobile yet?”
“No, we felt we couldn’t afford one.”
“Mr. Budge has one and he is not as well off as you are.”
“Yes, I know. But their second installment came due, and they had no
money to pay for it.”
“Did they lose the car?”
“No, they got the money and paid the installment.”
“How did they get the money?”
“They sold their cook-stove.”
“How could they get along without a cook-stove?”
“They didn’t. they bought another one on the installment plan.”
In addition to the behavior illustrated by this conversation, what additional
factor contributed to the 1929 stock market crash?
A. Persuasive advertising that reached millions of consumers
B. Federal deregulation of the Securities and Exchange Commission
C. President Hoover’s failure to confront the problem of rising
unemployment
D. Explosive growth of postwar profits in the agricultural sector
7. Consider this conversation from the 1920’s:
“Have you bought an automobile yet?”
“No, we felt we couldn’t afford one.”
“Mr. Budge has one and he is not as well off as you are.”
“Yes, I know. But their second installment came due, and they had no
money to pay for it.”
“Did they lose the car?”
“No, they got the money and paid the installment.”
“How did they get the money?”
“They sold their cook-stove.”
“How could they get along without a cook-stove?”
“They didn’t. they bought another one on the installment plan.”
In addition to the behavior illustrated by this conversation, what additional
factor contributed to the 1929 stock market crash?
A. Persuasive advertising that reached millions of consumers
B. Federal deregulation of the Securities and Exchange Commission
C. President Hoover’s failure to confront the problem of rising
unemployment
D. Explosive growth of postwar profits in the agricultural sector
8. Who likely made this statement:
“I wear bobbed hair and powder my nose. I wear
fringed skirts and bright colored sweaters, scarves,
waists with Peter Pan collars, and low-heeled shoes.
I adore dancing! I spend much time in automobiles. I
attend hops, proms, ballgames, crew races and
other affairs at men’s colleges.”
A. A post-World War II suburbanite
B. A Roaring twenties flapper
C. A Depression-era homemaker
D. A Gilded Age feminist
8. Who likely made this statement:
“I wear bobbed hair and powder my nose. I wear
fringed skirts and bright colored sweaters, scarves,
waists with Peter Pan collars, and low-heeled shoes.
I adore dancing! I spend much time in automobiles. I
attend hops, proms, ballgames, crew races and
other affairs at men’s colleges.”
A. A post-World War II suburbanite
B. A Roaring twenties flapper
C. A Depression-era homemaker
D. A Gilded Age feminist
9. In 1927, people around the world were thrilled by radio
reports of Charles Lindbergh’s successful solo flight across
the Atlantic. Movie newsreels featuring the young,
handsome pilot helped make him an international hero.
What as a larger impact of Lindbergh’s accomplishment?
A. It improved relations between the U.S. and France
B. It demonstrated the airplane’s ability to be used as a
long-range bomber
C. It made people realize the U.S. could not isolate itself
from world events
D. It helped launch the age of commercial passenger
aviation
9. In 1927, people around the world were thrilled by radio
reports of Charles Lindbergh’s successful solo flight across
the Atlantic. Movie newsreels featuring the young,
handsome pilot helped make him an international hero.
What as a larger impact of Lindbergh’s accomplishment?
A. It improved relations between the U.S. and France
B. It demonstrated the airplane’s ability to be used as a
long-range bomber
C. It made people realize the U.S. could not isolate itself
from world events
D. It helped launch the age of commercial passenger
aviation
10. Which of the following factors was
most significant in contributing to the
onset of the Great Depression?
A.Declining agricultural prosperity
B.Increasing reliance on foreign imports
C.An inadequately skilled workforce
D.Vast military expenditure during World
War I
10. Which of the following factors was
most significant in contributing to the
onset of the Great Depression?
A.Declining agricultural prosperity
B.Increasing reliance on foreign imports
C.An inadequately skilled workforce
D.Vast military expenditure during World
War I
11. Which event was most significant in
the U.S. decision to enter World War
II?
A.The Great Depression
B.The attack on Pearl Harbor
C.The red scare
D.The news of the Holocaust
11. Which event was most significant in
the U.S. decision to enter World War
II?
A.The Great Depression
B.The attack on Pearl Harbor
C.The red scare
D.The news of the Holocaust
12. Most internment camps for Japanese Americans
were located in which region of the United States?
12. Most internment camps for Japanese Americans
were located in which region of the United States?
13. How did World War II rationing and price controls
contribute to increased postwar consumption?
A.The U.S. government began selling surplus goods
at discount prices
B. Large retail stores were forced to close until the
end of the war
C. Purchase restrictions allowed workers to save a
large portion of their income
D.Soldiers returned home with products most
civilians found difficult to obtain.
13. How did World War II rationing and price controls
contribute to increased postwar consumption?
A.The U.S. government began selling surplus goods
at discount prices
B. Large retail stores were forced to close until the
end of the war
C. Purchase restrictions allowed workers to save a
large portion of their income
D.Soldiers returned home with products most
civilians found difficult to obtain.
14. Why was the Allied victory in the Battle of
Midway so important?
A.It provided the Australians with a strategic
base in the Solomon Islands
B.It undermined Japan’s capacity to wage an
offensive war
C.It enabled the U.S. to learn of the strategic
plans of its enemies
D.It shifted the balance of power in Asia to the
British
14. Why was the Allied victory in the Battle of
Midway so important?
A.It provided the Australians with a strategic
base in the Solomon Islands
B.It undermined Japan’s capacity to wage an
offensive war
C.It enabled the U.S. to learn of the strategic
plans of its enemies
D.It shifted the balance of power in Asia to the
British
15. This is a famous poster
from the World War II era.
What is the implicit
message of the poster?
A. Women must continue
the fight to earn voting
rights
B. Women are ready to
enlist for military
service
C. Women can succeed in
nontraditional jobs
D. Women need to keep
working for equal rights
15. This is a famous poster
from the World War II era.
What is the implicit
message of the poster?
A. Women must continue
the fight to earn voting
rights
B. Women are ready to
enlist for military
service
C. Women can succeed in
nontraditional jobs
D. Women need to keep
working for equal rights
16. With what event is this charter statement associated?
In pursuance of the Agreement signed on the 8th day of August
1945 by the Government of the United States of America, the
Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Government
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and
the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics, there
shall be established an International Military Tribunal
(hereinafter called “the Tribunal”) for the just and prompt trial
and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis.
A. The Geneva Accords
B. The Yalta Conference
C. The Nuremberg Trials
D. The Versailles Conference
16. With what event is this charter statement associated?
In pursuance of the Agreement signed on the 8th day of August
1945 by the Government of the United States of America, the
Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Government
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and
the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics, there
shall be established an International Military Tribunal
(hereinafter called “the Tribunal”) for the just and prompt trial
and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis.
A. The Geneva Accords
B. The Yalta Conference
C. The Nuremberg Trials
D. The Versailles Conference
17. How did the GI Bill affect American society?
A.By easing the transition of soldiers back into
the civilian life
B.By initiating the first military draft since the
Civil War
C.By allowing the deployment of National Guard
troops for humanitarian missions
D.By financing the building of munitions factories
in high unemployment areas
17. How did the GI Bill affect American society?
A.By easing the transition of soldiers back into
the civilian life
B.By initiating the first military draft since the
Civil War
C.By allowing the deployment of National Guard
troops for humanitarian missions
D.By financing the building of munitions factories
in high unemployment areas

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