Home Health Agency Update: State Regulation Set used by Surveyors

Report
Home Health Agency Update
State Regulation Set
used by Surveyors
Anne Menard
Home Care Unit
Bureau of Health Facility Regulation
Agency for Health Care Administration
September, 2013
1
Home Health Agency Rules
Florida Administrative Code, Chapter 59A-8
Chapter 59A-8 was updated with some new items added that were
required in state law, some items removed for regulatory reduction, and
some items revised. The rule revisions were effective July 11, 2013.
This resulted in changes to 43 survey standards:
• 16 had changes in the requirements
• 10 had changes only to make the requirements clearer
• 13 were minor technical changes such as changes in rule
numbering
• 4 standards were deleted (1 was combined with an existing
standard)
The survey standards will be used beginning October 1, 2013
2
Additional Requirements for Directors of Nursing
in State Survey Standards
Is every home health agency required to have a director of nursing? No
“A home health agency that is not Medicare or Medicaid certified and does not provide
skilled care or provides only physical, occupational, or speech therapy is not required to
have a director of nursing.” 400.476(2)(c), Florida Statutes
The state law 400.497(5),F.S., requires AHCA to write the rules for oversight by
the director of nursing. There are three parts to this law:
1. Standards for oversight:
400.497, Florida Statutes “Rules establishing minimum standards.—The agency shall
adopt, publish, and enforce rules ….which must provide reasonable and fair minimum
standards relating to: …
(5) Oversight by the director of nursing. The agency shall develop rules related to:
(a) Standards that address oversight responsibilities by the director of nursing of skilled
nursing and personal care services provided by the home health agency’s staff;”
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Director of Nursing Duties H 223
The new rule quoted in survey standard H 223 says:
“The director of nursing shall establish a process to verify that skilled
nursing and personal care services were provided.” 59A-8.0095(2)(d), FAC
The process is not specified in the rule and is left up to each home
health agency to determine.
The home health agency should have already have some way of
verifying that, for example, Nurse James went to the home of patient
John Smith on Tuesday to provide nursing care.
The rule is quoted in H 223 and added to the duties in this standard.
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Director of Nursing Duties - H 223 additions
2. A certified daily report upon request
400.497(5)(b), Florida Statutes, requires rules on:
“Requirements for a director of nursing to provide to the agency [AHCA], upon request, a
certified daily report of the home health services provided by a specified direct employee
or contracted staff member on behalf of the home health agency. The agency may
request a certified daily report only for a period not to exceed 2 years prior to the date of
the request;”
The new rule 59A-8.0095(2)(d) quoted in the standard says:
“When requested by an AHCA employee, the director of nursing shall provide a certified
report that lists the home health services provided by a specified direct service staff
person or contracted staff person for a specified time period.”
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What is meant by “home health services”?
400.462(14), F.S. ‘Home health services’ means health and medical services and
medical supplies furnished by an organization to an individual in the individual’s home or
place of residence ……:
(a) Nursing care
(b) Physical, occupational, respiratory, or speech therapy
(c) Home health aide services [includes CNAs]
(d) Dietetics and nutrition practice and nutrition counseling
(e) Medical supplies, restricted to drugs and biologicals prescribed by a physician.
“Nursing care” is defined as “treatment of the patient’s illness or injury by a
registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse that is ordered as required in
400.487(2), F.S.* and included in the plan of care.” 59A-8.002(20), FAC
*400.487(2), Florida Statutes, refers to treatment orders by a physician,
physician’s assistant or advanced registered nurse practitioner. (This state law
applies to licensed agencies. Medicare and Medicaid agencies still are required
to have orders by physicians per federal regulation 42 CFR 484.18(c).)
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Director of Nursing Duties H 223
The new rule also says:
“A certified report shall be in the form of a written or typed document or
computer printout and signed by the director of nursing. The report must be
provided to the surveyor within two hours of the request, unless the time period
requested is longer than one year, then the report must be provided within
three hours of the request.”
What does the home health agency already have in place that could be used to
show that the specified staff person provided the service (home health aide,
nursing care, physical therapy…etc.) on the requested days?
Are there scheduling documents or computer scheduling type programs that
show the patient visits made by staff each day? Telephony reports for Medicaid
visits? A log or other document staff turn in that shows the patients that were
visited and the service (i.e. home health aide, nursing care, etc.)?
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When would a certified report be requested?
Here are some examples:
•
A surveyor may ask for such a report when there is concern that services were not
provided by a staff person -- such as when investigating complaints of patient
neglect, false billing or falsification of records.
•
On a survey, 3 patient records have no notes to show that all the nursing visits were
made more than 2 months ago as specified in each patient’s plan of care. The HHA
cannot provide any nurses notes when requested, but says the nurses did make the
visits.
•
AHCA Medicaid Program Integrity is doing an audit of billing by a HHA and
requests a certified report for specified staff for a certain period of time.
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Director of Nursing and Quality Assurance H 224
3. A quality assurance program
The state law, 400.497(5)(c), F.S. requires AHCA to develop rules related to:
“A quality assurance program for home health services provided by the home
health agency.”
The state rule: A quality assurance program was already in rule and in H 224.
New items have been added and are underlined below:
59A-8.0095(2)(e), FAC “The director of nursing shall establish and conduct an
ongoing quality assurance program. The program shall include at least
quarterly, documentation of the review of the care and services of a sample of
both active and closed clinical records by the director of nursing or his or her
delegate. The director of nursing assumes overall responsibility for the quality
assurance program.
How many records should the agency review in its sample? The home health
agency decides how many.
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Director of Nursing - Quality Assurance H 224
“The quality assurance program is to assure that:
1. The home health agency accepts patients whose home health service needs can be
met by the home health agency;
2. Case assignment and management is appropriate, adequate, and consistent with the
plan of care, medical regimen and patient needs. Plans of care are individualized based
on the patient’s needs, strengths, limitations and goals.;
3. Nursing and other services provided to the patient are coordinated, appropriate,
adequate, and consistent with plans of care.
4. All services and outcomes are completely and legibly documented, dated and signed
in the clinical service record;
5. The home health agency’s policies and procedures are followed;
6. Confidentiality of patient data is maintained; and
7. Findings of the quality assurance program are used to improve services.”
59A-8.0095(2)(e)
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Director of Nursing - Quality Assurance H 224
Are all patient records required to be sampled for quality
assurance?
No. Quality assurance is required only for clinical records of
patients receiving skilled services (nursing care, physical,
occupational, respiratory and speech therapy, dietetics and nutrition
practice and nutrition counseling, social work).
– The therapy-only home health agencies are not required to have
a director of nursing in state law and thus, are not included.
– Patients that are only receiving home health aide services
(including services provided by certified nursing assistants),
homemaker, and companion services are not included.
– A patient receiving skilled services may also be receiving home
health aide services and the services by the aide would be
reviewed as well.
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Director of Nursing Duties – H 223
Rule on biomedical waste has been updated
• Policies and procedures may now be developed by the administrator or
alternate administrator, not just the direct of nursing.
• The revision clarifies that rule only apply to agencies that provide nursing
and physical therapy
• The requirement to comply with specific Department of Health rules has
been removed, referring instead to the Department’s web site.
59A-8.0095(2)(b), FAC “The director of nursing, the administrator, or alternate
administrator shall establish policies and procedures on biomedical waste for home
home health agencies providing nursing and physical therapy services. The Department
Department of Health website has information on biomedical waste handling and the
and the requirements at ww.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/Community/biomedical.”
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Other changes to state survey standards
HHA staff that provide services
1. Removes the 1-year experience requirement for physical therapist, occupational
therapists, and therapists assistants; 59A-8.0095(6)(8)
H 260- PT, PTA; H 266- OT, OTA
2. Rather than specify tasks that can be performed in the rules, the RN, LPN, PT, PTA,
PT, PTA, OT and OTA rules refer to the scope of practice authorized by the license
license issued for each of these professions. Here’s one:
An LPN shall… “provide care to the patient, including the administration of
medications within the scope of practice authorized by the license issued by the state of
Florida for a licensed practical nurse.”
RN - H 230; LPN - H 236; PT, PTA – H 260, 261; OT, OTA – H 266
The Interpretive Guidelines with each standard give information on scope of practice.
3. Permits training of home health agency staff to be done at drop-off sites to save
costs; 59A-8.003(8)
H 107
13
Direct Services – H 310
The new definition of “nursing care”, as used in the definition of “home health
services,” has been added:
“Nursing care” is defined as “treatment of the patient’s illness or injury by a registered
registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse that is ordered as required in 400.487(2),
400.487(2), F.S. and included in the plan of care.” 59A-8.002(20), FAC
This standard already quotes the law that failure to provide one service directly for a
period of 60 days is grounds to deny or revoke the HHA’s license
(400.474(1)(2)(e),F.S.).
If a home health agency only has one direct employee, a registered nurse that only does
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Certified Nursing Assistants – H 243
Removes the requirement for certified nursing assistants to have training on specific
items (59A-8.0095(5)(i)). The rule used to say:
59A-8.0095(5)(h) A home health agency shall ensure that a certified nursing assistant has
competency in the home health core curriculum listed in subparagraphs 59A-8.0095(5)(d)2. and
13. through 16., F.A.C.
The requirement in the law is sufficient without the training that was specified in rule..
400.476(3), F.S. “TRAINING.—A home health agency shall ensure that each
certified nursing assistant employed by or under contract with the home health
agency and each home health aide employed by or under contract with the home
health agency is adequately trained to perform the tasks of a home health aide in
the home setting.”
It is up to the home health agency to determine if the CNA is “adequately
trained to perform the tasks of a home health aide” or not as the law requires.
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Certified Nursing Assistants – H 243
Here are some possible ways for HHAs to determine if the CNA is adequately trained
to perform the tasks of a home health aide --A. A reference check to any prior employer that was home health agency , nurse registry,
hospice, senior citizens program, or individual patient that shows CNA was able to provide
services to patients in their homes; or
B. Document that the DON, RN or an LPN has gone with the CNA into one or more patient
home(s) to observe the CNA providing services and finds the CNA adequately trained to
perform tasks of a home health aide in a home setting; or
C. Passage of the AHCA home health aide competency test; or
D. Documentation of a competency evaluation by the DON or RN that the CNA is
adequately skilled in to perform the tasks of a home health aide in a home setting, such as
competency evaluation for a Medicare or Medicaid certified home health agency; or
E. A certificate of completion of the home health aide training program through a
vocational school or other career training school licensed by the Dept of Education; or
F. Documentation of home health aide training by a home health agency.
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Home Health Aides and CNAs Responsibilities – H 248
59A-8.0095(5)(l)3 adds the tasks associated with elimination that
a home health aide and certified nursing assistant may do
3. b. Assisting with tasks associated with elimination:
i. Toileting
ii. Assisting with the use of the bedpan and urinal
iii. Providing catheter care including changing the urinary
catheter bag
iv. Collecting specimens
v. Emptying ostomy bags, or changing bags that do not
adhere to the skin”
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Homemakers – H 291
Here are the changes in the rule that is quoted in the standard:
59A-8.0095(12)(a) The homemaker shall:…
“2. Perform the functions generally undertaken by the customary homemaker,
including such duties as preparation of meals, laundry, shopping, household
chores, and care of children;”
“8. If requested by the client or his responsible party, the homemaker may
verbally remind the client that it is time to for the client to take his or her
medicine.”
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Companions - H 292
Here are the changes in the rule that is quoted in the standard:
59A-8.0095(12)(b) The companion shall:….
“2. Accompany the client to doctor appointments, recreational outings,
or shopping;”
“8. If requested by the client or his responsible party, the companion
may verbally remind the client that it is time for the client to take his or
her medicine.”
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Patient Records Changes
Clinical Records – 59A-8.022(6)(b) H 356
Rubber stamp signatures for physicians are no longer permitted.
Advanced Directives 59A-8.0245(2)(a)
H 322
Use the April 2006 version of the “Health Care Advanced Directives – The
Patient’s Right to Decide” rather than the 2004 for new patients. Still available
at www.FloridaHealthFinder.gov.
20
Change of administrator or alternate - H 219
• Removes requirement to submit a resume and affidavit of good moral
character when there is a change in the administrator or alternate
administrator.
• Still requires notification of new administrator (not alternates) and a
statement that the person meets the requirements in law.
• Notification should be within 21 days of the change per 59A-35.110(1) –
HZ 821
59A-8.0095(1)(b) “If an agency changes administrator the agency shall notify the
AHCA Home Care Unit office in Tallahassee as required in subsection 59A-35.100(1),
F.A.C. Notification shall consist of submission of the person’s name and a statement
that the person meets the qualifications in Sections 400.476(1) and 400.462(1), F.S.
Send the notification by email, fax or mail …The administrator also must submit level
2 screening…or inform the Home Care Unit that level 2 screening was previously
submitted.”
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Comprehensive Emergency Management Plans H 373
Rule 59A-8.027 Changes to the Comprehensive Emergency
Management Plan (CEMP) form:
•
The one-page “Information for Home Health Agency Patients” (Appendix B
of the CEMP form) to the patient has one important sentence changed:
“(1) If the patient has a caregiver*, the caregiver must accompany the
patient and must remain with the patient at the special needs shelter.”
*Caregivers can be relatives, household members, guardians, friends,
neighbors and volunteers.
•
The title “safety liaison” is used for the person in charge during an
emergency as required in 408.821(1), F.S.
HHAs do not have to re-do their CEMP Plans because of these changes, but
need to use the updated Information for HHA patients that may go to the
special needs shelter.
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Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan Updates
H 376 Reminder for HHAs
•
•
Review your plan annually and update procedures
Submit changes in telephone #s and names of staff who lead your
agency’s emergency response (your “Safety Liaison” ) to the
county emergency management office and to the county health
department in each county on the HHA license.
– Must include phone #s where staff can be contacted outside of
the HHA’s regular office hours.
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For more information see www.ahca.myflorida.com/homecare,
select ‘Home Health Agency’
See “Laws, Rules and Survey” Tab
• The latest laws and rules for HHAs
• Changes to the rules with reasons for the changes
• Summary listing of changes (by rule)
• To be posted by 9/20/13:
– Link to updated ASPEN State Regulation Set effective October 1
– Summary listing of all standards in the State Regulation Set
– Summary listing of all changes to the State Regulation Set
Questions? Call or Anne Menard or Jan Benesh
[email protected] (850) 412-4385
[email protected] (850) 412-4386
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