ELI - IFKA

Report
AZ INNOVATÍV FÉNYFORRÁSOK
SZEREPE A XXI. SZÁZADBAN
OSVAY KÁROLY
PHOTONICS
Displays
Photovoltaic devices
…
Light sources
Lamps
LEDs
…
Innovative light sources – Research Institutes
Accelerators
Synchrontrons
Free electron lasers
Lasers
Photonics is one
of the ”Key Enabling Technologies” of the EC
Global photonics market ~ €500 billion,
Leveraged impact in other enabled
industries is substantially greater!
Europe:
• overall share of 20%, rising to as much
as 45% in specific key sectors.
• ~290,000 employees. The sector is
largely based on SMEs,.
• Estimated annual growth > 10%, i.e. 2-3
times faster than European GDP and faster
than the growth of the global market.
• 40,000 new jobs being created 2005 and
2008
By W.Sandner
Lasers in Europe
- Laser scientific output is high compared to other
disciplines and to other global regions
=> Europe is leading in an important scientific field
-There are still significant differences between European
regions
=> room for regional policy
-There is a positive temporal gradient in all regions
=> ”lasers and photonics are the future“
By W.Sandner
Thoughts about European Cohesion
Europe‘s scientific laser landscape
Annual laser publications,
per country (2005-2007)
By W.Sandner
Annual laser publications,
per country (2007-2010)
Lasers in Europe
A structured research landscape to meet
global challenges
European Laser Community
The basis
By W.Sandner
Infrastructure Network:
Laserlab-Europe
Flexible instrument to
perform and initiate
new science beyond
the national scale
ESFRI
Pan - European Research
Infrastructures – the first
international laser project
ELI
Mission-oriented
single entities to
meet global
challenges
ELI - A bottom-up approach by
the community
Integrated initiative
Laserlab-Europe
30 national laser facilities
from 16 European
countries
National high-power laser
facilities world-wide
Ultra-high intensity laser systems
worldwide in 2010 (ICUIL)
The Extreme Light Infrastructure
will be
 the world’s first international laser research
infrastructure, providing unique science and
research opportunities for international users
“The CERN of laser research”
 a distributed research infrastructure based
initially on 3 facilities in CZ, HU and RO
 the first ESFRI project to be implemented in
the new EU Member States
 pioneering a novel funding model combining
structural funds (ERDF) for the implementation
and contributions to an ERIC for the operation
Roadmap and governance
parallel
implementation
initiation
initiation
joint
joint
operation
operation
ELI-Beamlines
ESFRI
ELI
ELI-ALPS
ELI-PP
ELI-NP
2011
2008
PP
By W.Sandner
MoU
2013
2017
ELI-DC International Association
ELI-ERIC
ERIC
ELI-
Financial structure
parallel
implementation
initiation
joint
operation
~ 6 M€
Prep. Phase
~ 850 M€ total
EU Structural Funds
(CZ, RO approved / HU applied for)
60-80 M€ /a
ELI-ERIC
(pending)
ERIC negotiations
2011
2008
PP
By W.Sandner
MoU
2013
2017
ELI-DC International Association
ELI- ERIC
ELI Nuclear Physics in Romania
Structural Funds approved in Sept. 2012
Projected completion date: IV 2017
Building under construction
Major equipment procured
(two 10PW lasers)
Gamma source is procured
ELI Beamlines in the Czech Republic
Structural Funds approved in April 2011
Projected completion date: IV 2017
(phasing negotiations in progress)
Building under construction
Major equipment procured
(diode-pumped, 10Hz PW laser)
Tender for 10PW laser in contracted,
A further PW laser in preparation
MISSIONS OF ELI-ALPS
1) To generate X-UV and X-ray fs and atto pulses, for temporal
investigation at the attosecond scale of electron dynamics in
atoms, molecules, plasmas and solids.
ATTOSECOND Beamlines & User Facility
2) To contribute to the technological development towards 200PW.
HIGH INTENSITY beamline
ELI-ALPS LIGHT SOURCES
The shortest pulse durations at the widest spectral range …
… at the highest repetition rate.
Phasing and the budget of
the research infrastrucure
Phase 1 (-2015)
Primary sources:
Secondary sources (+TA):
Labs, workshops:
Scientific IT
20.3 M€
10.8 M€
1.65 M€
0.39 M€
Phase 2 (-2017)
Primary sources (incl. THz pump):
Secondary sources (+TA):
Labs, workshops:
Scientific IT
29.0 M€
15.1 M€
7.4 M€
2.03 M€
SCHEMATICS OF ELI-ALPS
ELI-ALPS laser systems
Initial concept
Av.power
Oscillator
+front end
100 kHz
Oscillator
+front end
1 kHz
THZ & appl.
OPA chain
CW DPSSL pump
Gas HHG:
Atto XUV
Applications
OPA chain
CW and pulsed DPSSL
pump
Solid HHG:
Atto & X-Ray
Synchronized
Atto/PW
Oscillator
+front end
1 kHz
OPA chain
Ti:Sa/OPA
pulsed DPSSL
pump
flashlamps /
DPSSL
mid-IR laser (MIR)
PW
applications
10 W
Benchmarks for the lasers
ALPS Single Cycle (SYLOS) beamline
1kHz, >100mJ, <5fs, VIS-NIR, CEP
ALPS High Field (HF) beamline
Ti:S duty end: 5Hz, >2PW, <20fs, NIR
SIOM 10PW
RAL Vulcan 10PW
10
ELI-NP
CILEX Apollon
Peak Power (PW)
LMJ PETAL
ELI-ALPS HF
MPQ Atlas 3000
UTexas Texas PW
1
ILE PW
JAERI
APRI-GIST HZDR Penelope
Beijing PW
HZDR PW CLPU
RAL Vulcan 1PW
CETALLBNL Bella
LLNL E23
MPQ PFS
RAS IAP PEARL
IOQ Jena, POLARIS
RAL Gemini
CUOS Herkules
GSI PHELIX
CILEX LUIRE
IOQ Jena, JETI-100
CLPU 10Hz
HZDR - Draco
LULI Pico2000
LASERIX 100TW
LULI ELFIE
0.1
1E-005 0.0001
0.001
0.01
0.1
Repetition Rate (Hz)
MBI
SIOM
MPQ Atlas
LOA Salle Jaune
1
10
CEA UHI
LBNL Trex
LASERIX
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY
Step 1 - Via R&D projects
ALPS MIR laser
ALPS HR laser
100kHz, >1 (5mJ), <5 (7)fs, VIS-NIR, CEP
100kHz, 0.1mJ, <6 (3)cycles, MIR
Step 2 - Public procurement – Q4 2013
ALPS Sylos 1 laser
ALPS HF PW laser
1kHz, >4 TW, <20fs, VIS-NIR, CEP
≤5Hz, >2PW, <20fs, NIR
Step 3 - Laser R&D projects for elimination of technological bottlenecks
Step 4 - Public procurement – Q2-Q3 2015
ALPS Sylos 2 laser
1kHz, >20TW, 5fs, VIS-NIR, CEP
ALPS HF 100 laser
100Hz, >40TW, <12fs, NIR
LASER R&D PROJECTS 2014-2015
Contracting: August-September
Total budget: 2M€(+200k)
Standard deliverable: Final Research Report
Standard conditions: - joint research
- on site involvement of ELI-ALPS scientist(s)
 Development of (diode pumped) pump lasers
(100 Hz, 1 kHz, 0,6 ps – 2 ps, 1J)
4 proposals
DLs: 1 amp head, 1 MPX/DMPX system, plus 1J/100Hz amp unit
 Nonlinear optical methods
(OPCPA (stabilization, bandwidth, technology), SFG, HCF, XPW)
8 proposals
DLs: TDRs.
 Temporal contrast issues
(OPCPA, high reprate plasma mirror, spatio-emporal focusing)
8 proposals
DLs: 2 softwares, 1 Xcorr, 1 AO system
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LASERS
and final call parameters
ALPS HR laser
ALPS MIR laser
100kHz, >1 (5mJ), <5 (7)fs,
VIS-NIR, CEP
RfP launched –
submission deadline: 29st September
HR 1: 1mJ, <7(5)fs;
Delivery: Q2 2016
Contracting: November/ December
HR 2: development / assembly at ELI-ALPS,
together with industry and academy
100kHz, 0.1mJ, <2 (4)cycles, MIR
Final proposals received:
10th September
Winner: Fastlite
Contracting: November 2014
Delivery: Q2-3 2016
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LASERS
and final call parameters
ALPS SYLOS 1 laser
1kHz, >4.5TW, <20 fs, VIS-NIR, CEP
Several proposals
Winner: EKSLPA-Light Conversion
Contracting: 13th October, 2014
Delivery: Q1 2016
ALPS HF PW laser
≤5Hz, >2PW, <20fs
(100Hz, >1mJ, <10fs, CEP)
Several proposals
Winner: Amplitude Technologies
Contracting: 3rd October, 2014
Delivery: Q3 2016
Installation requirement: 12h operation for 3 consecutive days
Trial period: 6 months, 4 months trouble-free operation
SYLOS I
EKSPLA consortium
External
clock
Front end
100μJ @ 800 nm
Stretcher
1 μJ, 90 ps
CEP and compression loop
Power
4.5 TW
Pulse duration
10 fs
Rep.rate
1kHz
CEP stability
250 mrad
Energy stability 1.5%
ASE contrast
1010
Strehl ratio
0.85
Central 
800 nm
NOPA 1
0.5-1.5 mJ
NOPA 2
20 mJ
diagnostics
Compressor
45 mJ @10 fs
NOPA 3
50 mJ
PP for SYLOS II 100 mJ @ < 10 fs -> in 2015
SYLOS I Front end
Yb:KGW
HF PW laser system
Front end
kHz 1-10 mJ
5 fs, C»1012
Diffraction graing
based stretcher
~ 3ns
Amplitude Technologies
Ti:Sa
Ti:Sa
Seed for HF 100
Rep.rate
Pulse duration
Energy
CEP
100Hz
<10fs
1 mJ
250mrad
PP for 500 mJ @ < 100Hz, 10fs -> in 2015
Ti:Sa @ 10Hz
>40J
Compressor
Power
Pulse duration
Rep.rate
Energy stability
ASE contrast
Strehl ratio
Central 
2 PW
17fs
10Hz
1.5%
1011
0.9
800 nm
HF PW & HF 100
Front end
Yb:CaF2
FRONT END DESIGN FOR TW/PW
LASERS
Change of Paradigm?
No Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:S oscillators are involved
(in SYLOS, PW, MIR – HR is questionable)
Instead:
Sub-ps fiber oscillators around 1µ
White light generators
Self-CEP stabilisation: DFG+OPA
Broadband OPAs to enhance the energy to 10-100 µJ
SCHEMATICS OF ELI-ALPS
SECONDARY SOURCES
Gas High Harmonic Generation and Attosecond Pulses
1kHz-100kHz, 4-400eV, up to 10 µJ
Solid High Harmonic Generation and Attosecond Pulses
5Hz – 1kHz, 10eV – 5keV, up to mJ
Electron and Ion Acceleration (regional science)
e-: 1-2GeV, 0.2nC; p+: up to 160MeV, up to 1nC
THz sources
3MV/cm – 100MV/cm, up to 1mJ
New Concepts for HHG and Attosecond Pulse Generation
Photon sources
at ELI-ALPS
Were
Were we
we stand
go
Repetition rate (few Hz-100 kHz)
XUV Intensity
(109-1018 W/cm2)
Photon energy
(10-10.000 eV)
by G. Sansone
SCIENE AT ELI-ALPS
Current status of visualizing structural dynamics
4D (space+time) attosecond/Å scale
imaging of atoms and molecules
LASER-ACCELERATED PROTON
THERAPY
Gammaphoton
proton
INFRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUCTURE
Building „A”
(lasers + target areas):
Net area - 6209 m2
Building „B”
(scientific labs and machinery):
Net area - 7936 m2
Building „C”
(Reception, auditorium):
Net area - 7391 m2
Building „D”
(maintenance, storage):
Net area - 2926 m2
Total – 24 462 m2
STATUS OF THE BUILDING
23.9.2014
Couriosity:
the very first 1.8m pile in Europe
(45m deep…)
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR ATTENTION!
DEDICATION OF LABORATORY
SPACES AND ACTIVITIES

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