Future Directions for GISCI & the Exam NC 2_25_15

Report
Future Directions for GISCI and
the Exam
Rebecca Somers
Somers-St.Claire
GIS Management Consultants
Fairfax, Virginia
February 2015
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
Overview
•
•
•
•
GISP® and other GIS certifications
Why obtain certification?
Future directions for GISCI
What it means now
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
2
GIS Certifications
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
3
GISP® Certification
• GIS Professional Certification
• Issued by GISCI
– AAG, GITA, GLIS, NSGIC, UCGIS, URISA
– Since 2004
• Certification of GIS achievement, competency,
and professionalism:
– Experience
– Education
– Contributions
• Portfolio; exam to be added in 2015
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
4
Other GIS Certifications
• ASPRS—suite of certifications including:
– Certified photogrammetrist (1975)
– Certified mapping scientist (GIS/LIS, RS) (1991)
– Certified GIS/LIS technologist
• Esri Technical Certifications
– Since 2010
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
5
Other Credentials
• Certificates
– Completion of an education program
• Badges and “micro-credentials”
– Indicate accomplishments
• Licensure
– Legal requirement
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
6
Why Obtain Certification?
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
7
Why Get Certified?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Document GIS professional achievement
Professional recognition
Greater earning and advancement potential
Credentials used to prescreen
Credential creep (DiBiase, 2014)
Growing preference for GIS certification
Grow the GIS profession
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
8
Growing Preference for
GISP® Certification
• More than 100 recent (Oct-Nov 2014) job
listings included a preference for GISP®
Certification
• Public & private sectors
• All types of jobs, including:
– GIS manager
– Geospatial analyst
– GIS coordinator
– GIS technician
– Project planner
– Department director
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
9
Growing Recognition of
GISP® Certification
• States are endorsing the GISP® Certification,
including:
– North Carolina
– New Jersey
– Ohio
– Oregon
– California
– Montana
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
10
Grow the GIS Profession
• It’s not just what you get from certification
• What your participation contributes:
– Increase GIS professional recognition
– Increase GIS professional cooperation
– Modular and portable GIS certifications
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
11
Future Directions for GISCI
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
12
GISP® Certification
Development and Status
1990s
Feasibility &
Discussion
1997
2015
2004
2001
GISCI
URISA
Certification
Committee
More than
7000 GISPs
Dev. of GISP®
Certification
Process
Current GISP® Certification Process: Portfolio—experience,
education, contributions
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
13
Professional Certification
Development
1990s
1997
2001
2004
2011-12
2015
GISCI
Start accred.
& exam
7000 GISPs
GISCI GISP® Certification
Feasibility
1989
Comm. GISP® Cert.
2002
~2005
2009
2013
NCCA/ICE (Nat. Commission for Certifying Agencies/Institute for Credentialing Excellence)
NCCA/NOCA
Certification Standards
2003
ICE
Update
2012
ANSI/ISO
ANSI/ISO 17024: Personnel Certification
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
Update
14
Professional Certification
Standards
• NCCA and ANSI set professional certification
standards
• NCCA and ANSI accredit certifying organizations
• GISCI plans to meet these standards and
achieve accreditation for the GISP® Certification
and any other certifications it may develop
Certification is for protection of the public, not
just advancement of the profession.
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
15
Professional Certification
Standards
• Validated by a Job Analysis
– The tasks job incumbents perform
– The knowledge, skills, and abilities they need to
perform them
• Independent
• Accreditation
– Assessment instrument—process & result
– Certifying organization’s operations and
governance
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
16
Job Analysis and Certification
Development
Job Definition &
Certification Purpose
Job Analysis
KSAs
Tasks
Linkage & Validity
Certification/Assessment Specification
Psychometric
Validation/review
Assessment
Instrument
Resources: Lit.,
References, BoK,
Best Practices
Certification
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
17
Professional Certification
is Based On
• Job Analysis
– Essential method for determining the content of a
certification assessment
– Must adhere to accepted methodology
– Must demonstrate and document job-relatedness
– Unambiguously required by psychometric standards
• Not directly derived from
– Competency model or skills list (GISCI used the GTCM
Tier 4, core technical competencies, as a guideline)
– General BoK (GISCI used GIS&T BoK used as reference)
– Best practices
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
18
GISP® Certification Update
• Addition of an exam to strengthen the GISP®
certification
• Align with Job Analysis
• Prepare for accreditation
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
19
Job Analysis
• First direct job analysis for GIS professionals
• Several focus groups of job incumbents
spanning all sectors, job types, and levels of
experience (more than 50)
• Validation survey--more than 350 individuals
spanning all sectors, job types, and experience
levels
• Results vary somewhat from GIS&T BoK and
GTCM—mostly in emphasis
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
20
Exam Development
Job Analysis
Exam Blueprint
Exam Content
Pilot
Cut Score
Final Exam
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
21
Alignment of Portfolio
Requirements
• Validate (with respect to Job Analysis results)
• Adjust (to Job Analysis results)
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
22
Preparation for Accreditation
• Exam (to supplement portfolio)
• Certification process validation and
documentation
• Operational adjustments
• Governance adjustments
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
23
Moving Forward
• Not only validate GISP® certification through
accreditation…
• GISP® certification will serve as foundation for
other certifications
– New GIS certifications
– Linkage to related certification
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
24
Additional/Specialty GIS
Certifications
• Sponsoring organization or interest group
discuss with GISCI—define job/certification
• Determine relationship to GISP® certification
• GISCI follow standard certification development
process (job analysis, validation, etc.)
• SMEs, job incumbents, and resources from
across industry
• Certification granted and operated by GISCI
• Business driver—membership/activity for
sponsoring organization
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
25
Additional/Specialty GIS Certifications
“Sponsor”
GISCI
Relationship to GISP ®
Job Definition &
Certification Purpose
Industry-wide Job
Incumbents & SMEs
Job Analysis
Tasks
Job
Description/Scope
KSAs
Linkage & Validity
Certification/Assessment Specification
Psychometric
Validation/review
2-16-15
Assessment
Instrument
Guidance on
Resources
Certification
Membership/
Services
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
26
Additional GIS Professional
Certifications Based On
• Job Analysis
– Essential method for determining the content of a
certification assessment
– Must adhere to accepted methodology
– Must demonstrate and document job-relatedness
• Not based on
– Competency model or skill list, BoK, or best practices
– These are references
• Certifying organizations follow Professional
Certification standards, practices, and guidelines
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
27
What it Means Now
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
28
What to Expect
• Two-part GISP® certification process: Portfolio
and Exam
• Begin application process at any time with
either component
• 6 years to complete application
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
29
GISCI Geospatial Core Technical
Knowledge Exam® Blueprint
Knowledge Area
Weight
Conceptual Foundations
Cartography and Visualization
GIS Design Aspects and Data Modeling
GIS Analytical Methods
Data Manipulation
Geospatial Data
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
12%
14%
29%
17%
15%
13%
30
What to Expect: Exam
• Exam pilot winter 2015
• GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge
Exam® mid 2015
• All GISP® certification applicants will be required
to take the exam once it starts
• Initially, the exam will be offered at testing
centers on specific dates
• Exam availability will increase shortly thereafter
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
31
What to Expect:
GISP Certification
• Minimal change in the portfolio component
• Recertify without exam
• Process changes coming in July 2015
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
32
What to Expect: GISP
Certification Changes
• July 1, 2015: Changes take effect
– 3 year certification and recertification periods
– Every new applicant must take exam
– New fee structure
•
•
•
•
•
Certification application fee: $100
Certification exam fee: $250
Certification portfolio review fee: $100
Annual renewal fee: $95
Recertification: every 3 years; no fee—covered by renewal fees
• Until July 1, 2015: Current process remains
– 5 year certification and recertification (“renewal”) periods
– Current certification and recertification fees
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
33
What to Expect: GISP
Certification Changes
• July 1, 2015: Changes take effect
• GISP certification will cost approx. $100/yr. for
career
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
34
GISCI Directions
• More than just an exam…
• Accreditation:
– Alignment of GISP® certification and GISCI with
accepted professional certification development
standards and practice
– Validation of GISP® certification
• Stronger foundation for additional/related GIS
certifications
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
35
What To Think About
• Which certifications are right for you?
• GISP® certification:
– Get certified for what you already have achieved
– Certification can help advance your career
– Help grow the GIS profession
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
36
For More Information
• Rebecca Somers, GISCI Exam Development
Project Manager: [email protected]
• www.gisci.org
• Bill Hodge, GISCI Executive Director:
[email protected]
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
37
For More Information
• Rebecca Somers, “GISCI’s GISP® Certification,
Evolution, and Future Directions”, URISA GIS Pro
2014 Proceedings. Also available at gisci.org.
• Tripp Corbin. “GIS Certification: To Certify or Not
Certify”, URISA GIS Pro Proceedings 2014.
• David DiBiase, “Credential Creep in the GIS
Field—For Good or for Ill?”, Esri blog 2014.
(http://blogs.esri.com/esri/esri-insider/2014/11/14/credential-creep-in-the-gis-field-for-good-or-for-ill/)
2-16-15
Copyright © 2014-15 Rebecca Somers and GISCI
38

similar documents