North Carolina: Ways of Life

Report
NORTH CAROLINA: WAYS OF
LIFE (PAGES 122-135)
BACKGROUND INFO (QUICK FACTS FOR THOUGHT)
• In the 1700s, thousands of new immigrants moved to NC
• People from other colonies (many of them brought slaved
Africans with them), Scottish, Irish, German decent
• These immigrants overran and pushed Natives out
• Economy in NC in the 1700s:
• Tidewater: plantations and fishing
• Coastal Plains: plantations
• Piedmont: small farming and saw mills
• Mountains: timbering, mining, saw mills
SECTION 1: DIVERSE GROUPS OF PEOPLE
(PAGES 125-129)
DO!
• Copy down vocab words and definitions into your Social Studies notebooks
• (page 124)
• 13 vocab words total
DIFFERENT GROUPS OF PEOPLE IN NC
COPY DOWN THIS CHART IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
Group
Highland-Scots
Pennsylvania Dutch
Gentry
Enslaved Africans
Native Americans
Important Details
MAP READING/INTERPRETING
• 1. Study the map of NC on page 126
• Answer questions 1 & 2 in complete sentences.
• 2. View the chart on page 129 (Number of People of African Descent in NC)
• Answer questions 1 & 2 in complete sentences.
SECTION 1 QUICK CHECK
• 1. Why did many immigrants travel to NC in the 1700s?
• 2. Why did the Scots-Irish develop a tradition of independence?
SECTION 2: SOCIAL DIFFERENCE IN NC
(PAGES 130-135)
“GENTLEFOLK” (PAGES 130-131)
• Answer the following questions:
• 1. Who were gentry? What type of people were considered to be “gentry”.
• 2. Who were the most prominent members of gentry? Why do you think
these people were the most prominent members of gentry?
• 3. Describe the life of a planter in the mid-1700s.
“A PEOPLE VERY LABORIOUS” (PAGE 131)
• Read the PRIMARY SOURCE excerpt and answer the following question:
• 1. How had life changes since the early years of settlement?
“FOLKS OF A LESSER SORT” (PAGE 132)
• 1. Below the gentry in social rank, the largest group in NC was made up of
_______________________.
• 2. Members of the gentry often described these people as
______________________.
• 3. Describe who made up the so-called “folks of a lesser sort” and why were
these people so important to NC?
• 4. Below the small farmers and tradesmen came
____________________________.
• 5. What is an indentured servant?
“BONDED FOR LIFE”
• 1. Who made up the bottom of the colonial society?
• 2. What is racism?
• 3. A small # of African Americans won ____________.
• 4. Like the governments of other colonies, the NC Assembly considered enslaved Africans to be
______________.
• 5. Which traditions and cultural values did enslaved Africans continue to keep?
“NC: A SOUTHERN SOCIETY” (PAGE 133)
• 1. Did North Carolina’s social structure resemble that of other Southern colonies or the New
England colonies? Explain one reason that influenced this.
• 2. North Carolina developed ______________ more like her ______________ neighbors.
• 3. What was the main economy of the Tidewater?
• 4. What were the main cash crops of NC?
• 5. Slavery was not as important in NC as it was in other ____________ colonies.
• 6. North Carolina was colonized by ______________________, who were _____________, or
members of England’s upper class.
• 7. The colonial government tried to create the same kind of ___________ society that still
existed in __________.
• 8. Which colonial region placed the most emphasis on social classes?
• 9. Colonists in the New England and Middle colonies believed that the differences were the
result of ________________ rather than __________.
SECTION 2 QUICK CHECK
• 1. What social divisions emerged in colonial NC?
• 2. In what ways was NC more like the other Southern colonies than like the
Middle or New England colonies?
SECTION 3: THE PRODUCTS OF FARM, FIELD, AND
FOREST (PAGE 134-135)
• 1. By the 1700s, what percent of North Carolinians earned their living through
agriculture or some industry related to agriculture?
• 2. Where did NC farmers find a market to sell their crops? (HINT: 3
regions/places)
• 3. What were the main cash crops of NC?
“BUMPING ALONG THE ROADS” (PAGE 135)
• 1. Like other colonies, North Carolina suffered from a lack of good ______________________.
• 2. What were corduroy roads?
• 3. As the _____________ became more populated, so did the number of roads connecting _________
and _________ North Carolina.
• 4. The process of improving _____________ was slow in NC!!!!
SECTION 3 QUICK CHECK
• 1. What were the main cash crops of NC?
• 2. What was the main obstacle facing the colony’s farmers?
CHAPTER 7 QUICK CHECK
• 1. What role did the Great Wagon Road play in the settlement of NC? (pages
125-129)
• 2. How did most Scots-Irish make their living? (pages 125-129)
• 3. Why did NC have fewer slaves than other Southern colonies? (pages 125129)

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